go.tools: code.google.com/p/go.tools/cmd/vet

Command vet

Vet examines Go source code and reports suspicious constructs, such as Printf calls whose arguments do not align with the format string. Vet uses heuristics that do not guarantee all reports are genuine problems, but it can find errors not caught by the compilers.

It can be invoked three ways:

By package, from the go tool:

go vet package/path/name

vets the package whose path is provided.

By files:

go tool vet source/directory/*.go

vets the files named, all of which must be in the same package.

By directory:

go tool vet source/directory

recursively descends the directory, vetting each file in isolation. Package-level type-checking is disabled, so the vetting is weaker.

Vet's exit code is 2 for erroneous invocation of the tool, 1 if a problem was reported, and 0 otherwise. Note that the tool does not check every possible problem and depends on unreliable heuristics so it should be used as guidance only, not as a firm indicator of program correctness.

By default all checks are performed. If any flags are explicitly set to true, only those tests are run. Conversely, if any flag is explicitly set to false, only those tests are disabled. Thus -printf=true runs the printf check, -printf=false runs all checks except the printf check.

Available checks:

Printf family

Flag: -printf

Suspicious calls to functions in the Printf family, including any functions with these names, disregarding case:

Print Printf Println
Fprint Fprintf Fprintln
Sprint Sprintf Sprintln
Error Errorf
Fatal Fatalf
Panic Panicf Panicln

If the function name ends with an 'f', the function is assumed to take a format descriptor string in the manner of fmt.Printf. If not, vet complains about arguments that look like format descriptor strings.

It also checks for errors such as using a Writer as the first argument of Printf.

Methods

Flag: -methods

Non-standard signatures for methods with familiar names, including:

Format GobEncode GobDecode MarshalJSON MarshalXML
Peek ReadByte ReadFrom ReadRune Scan Seek
UnmarshalJSON UnreadByte UnreadRune WriteByte
WriteTo

Struct tags

Flag: -structtags

Struct tags that do not follow the format understood by reflect.StructTag.Get. Well-known encoding struct tags (json, xml) used with unexported fields.

Unkeyed composite literals

Flag: -composites

Composite struct literals that do not use the field-keyed syntax.

Assembly declarations

Flag: -asmdecl

Mismatches between assembly files and Go function declarations.

Useless assignments

Flag: -assign

Check for useless assignments.

Atomic mistakes

Flag: -atomic

Common mistaken usages of the sync/atomic package.

Boolean conditions

Flag: -bool

Mistakes involving boolean operators.

Build tags

Flag: -buildtags

Badly formed or misplaced +build tags.

Copying locks

Flag: -copylocks

Locks that are erroneously passed by value.

Nil function comparison

Flag: -nilfunc

Comparisons between functions and nil.

Range loop variables

Flag: -rangeloops

Incorrect uses of range loop variables in closures.

Unreachable code

Flag: -unreachable

Unreachable code.

Shadowed variables

Flag: -shadow=false (experimental; must be set explicitly)

Variables that may have been unintentionally shadowed.

Misuse of unsafe Pointers

Flag: -unsafeptr

Likely incorrect uses of unsafe.Pointer to convert integers to pointers. A conversion from uintptr to unsafe.Pointer is invalid if it implies that there is a uintptr-typed word in memory that holds a pointer value, because that word will be invisible to stack copying and to the garbage collector.

Other flags

These flags configure the behavior of vet:

-all (default true)
	Check everything; disabled if any explicit check is requested.
-v
	Verbose mode
-printfuncs
	A comma-separated list of print-like functions to supplement
	the standard list.  Each entry is in the form Name:N where N
	is the zero-based argument position of the first argument
	involved in the print: either the format or the first print
	argument for non-formatted prints.  For example,
	if you have Warn and Warnf functions that take an
	io.Writer as their first argument, like Fprintf,
		-printfuncs=Warn:1,Warnf:1
-shadowstrict
	Whether to be strict about shadowing; can be noisy.
-test
	For testing only: sets -all and -shadow.

Vet is a simple checker for static errors in Go source code. See doc.go for more information.

Directories

PathSynopsis
whitelistPackage whitelist defines exceptions for the vet tool.

Package main imports 21 packages (graph) and is imported by 1 packages. Updated 2014-08-21. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.