btcd: github.com/btcsuite/btcd/blockchain Index | Examples | Files | Directories

package blockchain

import "github.com/btcsuite/btcd/blockchain"

Package blockchain implements bitcoin block handling and chain selection rules.

The bitcoin block handling and chain selection rules are an integral, and quite likely the most important, part of bitcoin. Unfortunately, at the time of this writing, these rules are also largely undocumented and had to be ascertained from the bitcoind source code. At its core, bitcoin is a distributed consensus of which blocks are valid and which ones will comprise the main block chain (public ledger) that ultimately determines accepted transactions, so it is extremely important that fully validating nodes agree on all rules.

At a high level, this package provides support for inserting new blocks into the block chain according to the aforementioned rules. It includes functionality such as rejecting duplicate blocks, ensuring blocks and transactions follow all rules, orphan handling, and best chain selection along with reorganization.

Since this package does not deal with other bitcoin specifics such as network communication or wallets, it provides a notification system which gives the caller a high level of flexibility in how they want to react to certain events such as orphan blocks which need their parents requested and newly connected main chain blocks which might result in wallet updates.

Bitcoin Chain Processing Overview

Before a block is allowed into the block chain, it must go through an intensive series of validation rules. The following list serves as a general outline of those rules to provide some intuition into what is going on under the hood, but is by no means exhaustive:

- Reject duplicate blocks
- Perform a series of sanity checks on the block and its transactions such as
  verifying proof of work, timestamps, number and character of transactions,
  transaction amounts, script complexity, and merkle root calculations
- Compare the block against predetermined checkpoints for expected timestamps
  and difficulty based on elapsed time since the checkpoint
- Save the most recent orphan blocks for a limited time in case their parent
  blocks become available
- Stop processing if the block is an orphan as the rest of the processing
  depends on the block's position within the block chain
- Perform a series of more thorough checks that depend on the block's position
  within the block chain such as verifying block difficulties adhere to
  difficulty retarget rules, timestamps are after the median of the last
  several blocks, all transactions are finalized, checkpoint blocks match, and
  block versions are in line with the previous blocks
- Determine how the block fits into the chain and perform different actions
  accordingly in order to ensure any side chains which have higher difficulty
  than the main chain become the new main chain
- When a block is being connected to the main chain (either through
  reorganization of a side chain to the main chain or just extending the
  main chain), perform further checks on the block's transactions such as
  verifying transaction duplicates, script complexity for the combination of
  connected scripts, coinbase maturity, double spends, and connected
  transaction values
- Run the transaction scripts to verify the spender is allowed to spend the
  coins
- Insert the block into the block database

Errors

Errors returned by this package are either the raw errors provided by underlying calls or of type blockchain.RuleError. This allows the caller to differentiate between unexpected errors, such as database errors, versus errors due to rule violations through type assertions. In addition, callers can programmatically determine the specific rule violation by examining the ErrorCode field of the type asserted blockchain.RuleError.

Bitcoin Improvement Proposals

This package includes spec changes outlined by the following BIPs:

BIP0016 (https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/BIP_0016)
BIP0030 (https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/BIP_0030)
BIP0034 (https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/BIP_0034)

Index

Examples

Package Files

accept.go blockindex.go chain.go chainio.go chainview.go checkpoints.go compress.go difficulty.go doc.go error.go log.go mediantime.go merkle.go notifications.go process.go scriptval.go thresholdstate.go timesorter.go upgrade.go utxoviewpoint.go validate.go versionbits.go weight.go

Constants

const (
    // CoinbaseWitnessDataLen is the required length of the only element within
    // the coinbase's witness data if the coinbase transaction contains a
    // witness commitment.
    CoinbaseWitnessDataLen = 32

    // CoinbaseWitnessPkScriptLength is the length of the public key script
    // containing an OP_RETURN, the WitnessMagicBytes, and the witness
    // commitment itself. In order to be a valid candidate for the output
    // containing the witness commitment
    CoinbaseWitnessPkScriptLength = 38
)
const (
    // MaxTimeOffsetSeconds is the maximum number of seconds a block time
    // is allowed to be ahead of the current time.  This is currently 2
    // hours.
    MaxTimeOffsetSeconds = 2 * 60 * 60

    // MinCoinbaseScriptLen is the minimum length a coinbase script can be.
    MinCoinbaseScriptLen = 2

    // MaxCoinbaseScriptLen is the maximum length a coinbase script can be.
    MaxCoinbaseScriptLen = 100
)
const (
    // MaxBlockWeight defines the maximum block weight, where "block
    // weight" is interpreted as defined in BIP0141. A block's weight is
    // calculated as the sum of the of bytes in the existing transactions
    // and header, plus the weight of each byte within a transaction. The
    // weight of a "base" byte is 4, while the weight of a witness byte is
    // 1. As a result, for a block to be valid, the BlockWeight MUST be
    // less than, or equal to MaxBlockWeight.
    MaxBlockWeight = 4000000

    // MaxBlockBaseSize is the maximum number of bytes within a block
    // which can be allocated to non-witness data.
    MaxBlockBaseSize = 1000000

    // MaxBlockSigOpsCost is the maximum number of signature operations
    // allowed for a block. It is calculated via a weighted algorithm which
    // weights segregated witness sig ops lower than regular sig ops.
    MaxBlockSigOpsCost = 80000

    // WitnessScaleFactor determines the level of "discount" witness data
    // receives compared to "base" data. A scale factor of 4, denotes that
    // witness data is 1/4 as cheap as regular non-witness data.
    WitnessScaleFactor = 4

    // MinTxOutputWeight is the minimum possible weight for a transaction
    // output.
    MinTxOutputWeight = WitnessScaleFactor * wire.MinTxOutPayload

    // MaxOutputsPerBlock is the maximum number of transaction outputs there
    // can be in a block of max weight size.
    MaxOutputsPerBlock = MaxBlockWeight / MinTxOutputWeight
)
const CheckpointConfirmations = 2016

CheckpointConfirmations is the number of blocks before the end of the current best block chain that a good checkpoint candidate must be.

Variables

var (
    // WitnessMagicBytes is the prefix marker within the public key script
    // of a coinbase output to indicate that this output holds the witness
    // commitment for a block.
    WitnessMagicBytes = []byte{
        txscript.OP_RETURN,
        txscript.OP_DATA_36,
        0xaa,
        0x21,
        0xa9,
        0xed,
    }
)

func BigToCompact Uses

func BigToCompact(n *big.Int) uint32

BigToCompact converts a whole number N to a compact representation using an unsigned 32-bit number. The compact representation only provides 23 bits of precision, so values larger than (2^23 - 1) only encode the most significant digits of the number. See CompactToBig for details.

This example demonstrates how to convert a target difficulty into the compact "bits" in a block header which represent that target difficulty .

Code:

// Convert the target difficulty from block 300000 in the main block
// chain to compact form.
t := "0000000000000000896c00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
targetDifficulty, success := new(big.Int).SetString(t, 16)
if !success {
    fmt.Println("invalid target difficulty")
    return
}
bits := blockchain.BigToCompact(targetDifficulty)

fmt.Println(bits)

Output:

419465580

func BuildMerkleTreeStore Uses

func BuildMerkleTreeStore(transactions []*btcutil.Tx, witness bool) []*chainhash.Hash

BuildMerkleTreeStore creates a merkle tree from a slice of transactions, stores it using a linear array, and returns a slice of the backing array. A linear array was chosen as opposed to an actual tree structure since it uses about half as much memory. The following describes a merkle tree and how it is stored in a linear array.

A merkle tree is a tree in which every non-leaf node is the hash of its children nodes. A diagram depicting how this works for bitcoin transactions where h(x) is a double sha256 follows:

         root = h1234 = h(h12 + h34)
        /                           \
  h12 = h(h1 + h2)            h34 = h(h3 + h4)
   /            \              /            \
h1 = h(tx1)  h2 = h(tx2)    h3 = h(tx3)  h4 = h(tx4)

The above stored as a linear array is as follows:

[h1 h2 h3 h4 h12 h34 root]

As the above shows, the merkle root is always the last element in the array.

The number of inputs is not always a power of two which results in a balanced tree structure as above. In that case, parent nodes with no children are also zero and parent nodes with only a single left node are calculated by concatenating the left node with itself before hashing. Since this function uses nodes that are pointers to the hashes, empty nodes will be nil.

The additional bool parameter indicates if we are generating the merkle tree using witness transaction id's rather than regular transaction id's. This also presents an additional case wherein the wtxid of the coinbase transaction is the zeroHash.

func CalcBlockSubsidy Uses

func CalcBlockSubsidy(height int32, chainParams *chaincfg.Params) int64

CalcBlockSubsidy returns the subsidy amount a block at the provided height should have. This is mainly used for determining how much the coinbase for newly generated blocks awards as well as validating the coinbase for blocks has the expected value.

The subsidy is halved every SubsidyReductionInterval blocks. Mathematically this is: baseSubsidy / 2^(height/SubsidyReductionInterval)

At the target block generation rate for the main network, this is approximately every 4 years.

func CalcWork Uses

func CalcWork(bits uint32) *big.Int

CalcWork calculates a work value from difficulty bits. Bitcoin increases the difficulty for generating a block by decreasing the value which the generated hash must be less than. This difficulty target is stored in each block header using a compact representation as described in the documentation for CompactToBig. The main chain is selected by choosing the chain that has the most proof of work (highest difficulty). Since a lower target difficulty value equates to higher actual difficulty, the work value which will be accumulated must be the inverse of the difficulty. Also, in order to avoid potential division by zero and really small floating point numbers, the result adds 1 to the denominator and multiplies the numerator by 2^256.

func CheckBlockSanity Uses

func CheckBlockSanity(block *btcutil.Block, powLimit *big.Int, timeSource MedianTimeSource) error

CheckBlockSanity performs some preliminary checks on a block to ensure it is sane before continuing with block processing. These checks are context free.

func CheckProofOfWork Uses

func CheckProofOfWork(block *btcutil.Block, powLimit *big.Int) error

CheckProofOfWork ensures the block header bits which indicate the target difficulty is in min/max range and that the block hash is less than the target difficulty as claimed.

func CheckTransactionInputs Uses

func CheckTransactionInputs(tx *btcutil.Tx, txHeight int32, utxoView *UtxoViewpoint, chainParams *chaincfg.Params) (int64, error)

CheckTransactionInputs performs a series of checks on the inputs to a transaction to ensure they are valid. An example of some of the checks include verifying all inputs exist, ensuring the coinbase seasoning requirements are met, detecting double spends, validating all values and fees are in the legal range and the total output amount doesn't exceed the input amount, and verifying the signatures to prove the spender was the owner of the bitcoins and therefore allowed to spend them. As it checks the inputs, it also calculates the total fees for the transaction and returns that value.

NOTE: The transaction MUST have already been sanity checked with the CheckTransactionSanity function prior to calling this function.

func CheckTransactionSanity Uses

func CheckTransactionSanity(tx *btcutil.Tx) error

CheckTransactionSanity performs some preliminary checks on a transaction to ensure it is sane. These checks are context free.

func CompactToBig Uses

func CompactToBig(compact uint32) *big.Int

CompactToBig converts a compact representation of a whole number N to an unsigned 32-bit number. The representation is similar to IEEE754 floating point numbers.

Like IEEE754 floating point, there are three basic components: the sign, the exponent, and the mantissa. They are broken out as follows:

* the most significant 8 bits represent the unsigned base 256 exponent
* bit 23 (the 24th bit) represents the sign bit
* the least significant 23 bits represent the mantissa

-------------------------------------------------
|   Exponent     |    Sign    |    Mantissa     |
-------------------------------------------------
| 8 bits [31-24] | 1 bit [23] | 23 bits [22-00] |
-------------------------------------------------

The formula to calculate N is:

N = (-1^sign) * mantissa * 256^(exponent-3)

This compact form is only used in bitcoin to encode unsigned 256-bit numbers which represent difficulty targets, thus there really is not a need for a sign bit, but it is implemented here to stay consistent with bitcoind.

This example demonstrates how to convert the compact "bits" in a block header which represent the target difficulty to a big integer and display it using the typical hex notation.

Code:

// Convert the bits from block 300000 in the main block chain.
bits := uint32(419465580)
targetDifficulty := blockchain.CompactToBig(bits)

// Display it in hex.
fmt.Printf("%064x\n", targetDifficulty.Bytes())

Output:

0000000000000000896c00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

func CountP2SHSigOps Uses

func CountP2SHSigOps(tx *btcutil.Tx, isCoinBaseTx bool, utxoView *UtxoViewpoint) (int, error)

CountP2SHSigOps returns the number of signature operations for all input transactions which are of the pay-to-script-hash type. This uses the precise, signature operation counting mechanism from the script engine which requires access to the input transaction scripts.

func CountSigOps Uses

func CountSigOps(tx *btcutil.Tx) int

CountSigOps returns the number of signature operations for all transaction input and output scripts in the provided transaction. This uses the quicker, but imprecise, signature operation counting mechanism from txscript.

func DisableLog Uses

func DisableLog()

DisableLog disables all library log output. Logging output is disabled by default until UseLogger is called.

func ExtractCoinbaseHeight Uses

func ExtractCoinbaseHeight(coinbaseTx *btcutil.Tx) (int32, error)

ExtractCoinbaseHeight attempts to extract the height of the block from the scriptSig of a coinbase transaction. Coinbase heights are only present in blocks of version 2 or later. This was added as part of BIP0034.

func ExtractWitnessCommitment Uses

func ExtractWitnessCommitment(tx *btcutil.Tx) ([]byte, bool)

ExtractWitnessCommitment attempts to locate, and return the witness commitment for a block. The witness commitment is of the form: SHA256(witness root || witness nonce). The function additionally returns a boolean indicating if the witness root was located within any of the txOut's in the passed transaction. The witness commitment is stored as the data push for an OP_RETURN with special magic bytes to aide in location.

func GetBlockWeight Uses

func GetBlockWeight(blk *btcutil.Block) int64

GetBlockWeight computes the value of the weight metric for a given block. Currently the weight metric is simply the sum of the block's serialized size without any witness data scaled proportionally by the WitnessScaleFactor, and the block's serialized size including any witness data.

func GetSigOpCost Uses

func GetSigOpCost(tx *btcutil.Tx, isCoinBaseTx bool, utxoView *UtxoViewpoint, bip16, segWit bool) (int, error)

GetSigOpCost returns the unified sig op cost for the passed transaction respecting current active soft-forks which modified sig op cost counting. The unified sig op cost for a transaction is computed as the sum of: the legacy sig op count scaled according to the WitnessScaleFactor, the sig op count for all p2sh inputs scaled by the WitnessScaleFactor, and finally the unscaled sig op count for any inputs spending witness programs.

func GetTransactionWeight Uses

func GetTransactionWeight(tx *btcutil.Tx) int64

GetTransactionWeight computes the value of the weight metric for a given transaction. Currently the weight metric is simply the sum of the transactions's serialized size without any witness data scaled proportionally by the WitnessScaleFactor, and the transaction's serialized size including any witness data.

func HashMerkleBranches Uses

func HashMerkleBranches(left *chainhash.Hash, right *chainhash.Hash) *chainhash.Hash

HashMerkleBranches takes two hashes, treated as the left and right tree nodes, and returns the hash of their concatenation. This is a helper function used to aid in the generation of a merkle tree.

func HashToBig Uses

func HashToBig(hash *chainhash.Hash) *big.Int

HashToBig converts a chainhash.Hash into a big.Int that can be used to perform math comparisons.

func IsCoinBase Uses

func IsCoinBase(tx *btcutil.Tx) bool

IsCoinBase determines whether or not a transaction is a coinbase. A coinbase is a special transaction created by miners that has no inputs. This is represented in the block chain by a transaction with a single input that has a previous output transaction index set to the maximum value along with a zero hash.

This function only differs from IsCoinBaseTx in that it works with a higher level util transaction as opposed to a raw wire transaction.

func IsCoinBaseTx Uses

func IsCoinBaseTx(msgTx *wire.MsgTx) bool

IsCoinBaseTx determines whether or not a transaction is a coinbase. A coinbase is a special transaction created by miners that has no inputs. This is represented in the block chain by a transaction with a single input that has a previous output transaction index set to the maximum value along with a zero hash.

This function only differs from IsCoinBase in that it works with a raw wire transaction as opposed to a higher level util transaction.

func IsFinalizedTransaction Uses

func IsFinalizedTransaction(tx *btcutil.Tx, blockHeight int32, blockTime time.Time) bool

IsFinalizedTransaction determines whether or not a transaction is finalized.

func LockTimeToSequence Uses

func LockTimeToSequence(isSeconds bool, locktime uint32) uint32

LockTimeToSequence converts the passed relative locktime to a sequence number in accordance to BIP-68. See: https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/master/bip-0068.mediawiki

* (Compatibility)

func SequenceLockActive Uses

func SequenceLockActive(sequenceLock *SequenceLock, blockHeight int32,
    medianTimePast time.Time) bool

SequenceLockActive determines if a transaction's sequence locks have been met, meaning that all the inputs of a given transaction have reached a height or time sufficient for their relative lock-time maturity.

func ShouldHaveSerializedBlockHeight Uses

func ShouldHaveSerializedBlockHeight(header *wire.BlockHeader) bool

ShouldHaveSerializedBlockHeight determines if a block should have a serialized block height embedded within the scriptSig of its coinbase transaction. Judgement is based on the block version in the block header. Blocks with version 2 and above satisfy this criteria. See BIP0034 for further information.

func UseLogger Uses

func UseLogger(logger btclog.Logger)

UseLogger uses a specified Logger to output package logging info.

func ValidateTransactionScripts Uses

func ValidateTransactionScripts(tx *btcutil.Tx, utxoView *UtxoViewpoint,
    flags txscript.ScriptFlags, sigCache *txscript.SigCache,
    hashCache *txscript.HashCache) error

ValidateTransactionScripts validates the scripts for the passed transaction using multiple goroutines.

func ValidateWitnessCommitment Uses

func ValidateWitnessCommitment(blk *btcutil.Block) error

ValidateWitnessCommitment validates the witness commitment (if any) found within the coinbase transaction of the passed block.

type AssertError Uses

type AssertError string

AssertError identifies an error that indicates an internal code consistency issue and should be treated as a critical and unrecoverable error.

func (AssertError) Error Uses

func (e AssertError) Error() string

Error returns the assertion error as a human-readable string and satisfies the error interface.

type BehaviorFlags Uses

type BehaviorFlags uint32

BehaviorFlags is a bitmask defining tweaks to the normal behavior when performing chain processing and consensus rules checks.

const (
    // BFFastAdd may be set to indicate that several checks can be avoided
    // for the block since it is already known to fit into the chain due to
    // already proving it correct links into the chain up to a known
    // checkpoint.  This is primarily used for headers-first mode.
    BFFastAdd BehaviorFlags = 1 << iota

    // BFNoPoWCheck may be set to indicate the proof of work check which
    // ensures a block hashes to a value less than the required target will
    // not be performed.
    BFNoPoWCheck

    // BFNone is a convenience value to specifically indicate no flags.
    BFNone BehaviorFlags = 0
)

type BestState Uses

type BestState struct {
    Hash        chainhash.Hash // The hash of the block.
    Height      int32          // The height of the block.
    Bits        uint32         // The difficulty bits of the block.
    BlockSize   uint64         // The size of the block.
    BlockWeight uint64         // The weight of the block.
    NumTxns     uint64         // The number of txns in the block.
    TotalTxns   uint64         // The total number of txns in the chain.
    MedianTime  time.Time      // Median time as per CalcPastMedianTime.
}

BestState houses information about the current best block and other info related to the state of the main chain as it exists from the point of view of the current best block.

The BestSnapshot method can be used to obtain access to this information in a concurrent safe manner and the data will not be changed out from under the caller when chain state changes occur as the function name implies. However, the returned snapshot must be treated as immutable since it is shared by all callers.

type BlockChain Uses

type BlockChain struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockChain provides functions for working with the bitcoin block chain. It includes functionality such as rejecting duplicate blocks, ensuring blocks follow all rules, orphan handling, checkpoint handling, and best chain selection with reorganization.

func New Uses

func New(config *Config) (*BlockChain, error)

New returns a BlockChain instance using the provided configuration details.

func (*BlockChain) BestSnapshot Uses

func (b *BlockChain) BestSnapshot() *BestState

BestSnapshot returns information about the current best chain block and related state as of the current point in time. The returned instance must be treated as immutable since it is shared by all callers.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) BlockByHash Uses

func (b *BlockChain) BlockByHash(hash *chainhash.Hash) (*btcutil.Block, error)

BlockByHash returns the block from the main chain with the given hash with the appropriate chain height set.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) BlockByHeight Uses

func (b *BlockChain) BlockByHeight(blockHeight int32) (*btcutil.Block, error)

BlockByHeight returns the block at the given height in the main chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) BlockHashByHeight Uses

func (b *BlockChain) BlockHashByHeight(blockHeight int32) (*chainhash.Hash, error)

BlockHashByHeight returns the hash of the block at the given height in the main chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) BlockHeightByHash Uses

func (b *BlockChain) BlockHeightByHash(hash *chainhash.Hash) (int32, error)

BlockHeightByHash returns the height of the block with the given hash in the main chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) BlockLocatorFromHash Uses

func (b *BlockChain) BlockLocatorFromHash(hash *chainhash.Hash) BlockLocator

BlockLocatorFromHash returns a block locator for the passed block hash. See BlockLocator for details on the algorithm used to create a block locator.

In addition to the general algorithm referenced above, this function will return the block locator for the latest known tip of the main (best) chain if the passed hash is not currently known.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) CalcNextBlockVersion Uses

func (b *BlockChain) CalcNextBlockVersion() (int32, error)

CalcNextBlockVersion calculates the expected version of the block after the end of the current best chain based on the state of started and locked in rule change deployments.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) CalcNextRequiredDifficulty Uses

func (b *BlockChain) CalcNextRequiredDifficulty(timestamp time.Time) (uint32, error)

CalcNextRequiredDifficulty calculates the required difficulty for the block after the end of the current best chain based on the difficulty retarget rules.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) CalcSequenceLock Uses

func (b *BlockChain) CalcSequenceLock(tx *btcutil.Tx, utxoView *UtxoViewpoint, mempool bool) (*SequenceLock, error)

CalcSequenceLock computes a relative lock-time SequenceLock for the passed transaction using the passed UtxoViewpoint to obtain the past median time for blocks in which the referenced inputs of the transactions were included within. The generated SequenceLock lock can be used in conjunction with a block height, and adjusted median block time to determine if all the inputs referenced within a transaction have reached sufficient maturity allowing the candidate transaction to be included in a block.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) CheckConnectBlockTemplate Uses

func (b *BlockChain) CheckConnectBlockTemplate(block *btcutil.Block) error

CheckConnectBlockTemplate fully validates that connecting the passed block to the main chain does not violate any consensus rules, aside from the proof of work requirement. The block must connect to the current tip of the main chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) Checkpoints Uses

func (b *BlockChain) Checkpoints() []chaincfg.Checkpoint

Checkpoints returns a slice of checkpoints (regardless of whether they are already known). When there are no checkpoints for the chain, it will return nil.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) FetchSpendJournal Uses

func (b *BlockChain) FetchSpendJournal(targetBlock *btcutil.Block) ([]SpentTxOut, error)

FetchSpendJournal attempts to retrieve the spend journal, or the set of outputs spent for the target block. This provides a view of all the outputs that will be consumed once the target block is connected to the end of the main chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) FetchUtxoEntry Uses

func (b *BlockChain) FetchUtxoEntry(outpoint wire.OutPoint) (*UtxoEntry, error)

FetchUtxoEntry loads and returns the requested unspent transaction output from the point of view of the end of the main chain.

NOTE: Requesting an output for which there is no data will NOT return an error. Instead both the entry and the error will be nil. This is done to allow pruning of spent transaction outputs. In practice this means the caller must check if the returned entry is nil before invoking methods on it.

This function is safe for concurrent access however the returned entry (if any) is NOT.

func (*BlockChain) FetchUtxoView Uses

func (b *BlockChain) FetchUtxoView(tx *btcutil.Tx) (*UtxoViewpoint, error)

FetchUtxoView loads unspent transaction outputs for the inputs referenced by the passed transaction from the point of view of the end of the main chain. It also attempts to fetch the utxos for the outputs of the transaction itself so the returned view can be examined for duplicate transactions.

This function is safe for concurrent access however the returned view is NOT.

func (*BlockChain) GetOrphanRoot Uses

func (b *BlockChain) GetOrphanRoot(hash *chainhash.Hash) *chainhash.Hash

GetOrphanRoot returns the head of the chain for the provided hash from the map of orphan blocks.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) HasCheckpoints Uses

func (b *BlockChain) HasCheckpoints() bool

HasCheckpoints returns whether this BlockChain has checkpoints defined.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) HaveBlock Uses

func (b *BlockChain) HaveBlock(hash *chainhash.Hash) (bool, error)

HaveBlock returns whether or not the chain instance has the block represented by the passed hash. This includes checking the various places a block can be like part of the main chain, on a side chain, or in the orphan pool.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) HeaderByHash Uses

func (b *BlockChain) HeaderByHash(hash *chainhash.Hash) (wire.BlockHeader, error)

HeaderByHash returns the block header identified by the given hash or an error if it doesn't exist. Note that this will return headers from both the main and side chains.

func (*BlockChain) HeightRange Uses

func (b *BlockChain) HeightRange(startHeight, endHeight int32) ([]chainhash.Hash, error)

HeightRange returns a range of block hashes for the given start and end heights. It is inclusive of the start height and exclusive of the end height. The end height will be limited to the current main chain height.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) HeightToHashRange Uses

func (b *BlockChain) HeightToHashRange(startHeight int32,
    endHash *chainhash.Hash, maxResults int) ([]chainhash.Hash, error)

HeightToHashRange returns a range of block hashes for the given start height and end hash, inclusive on both ends. The hashes are for all blocks that are ancestors of endHash with height greater than or equal to startHeight. The end hash must belong to a block that is known to be valid.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) IntervalBlockHashes Uses

func (b *BlockChain) IntervalBlockHashes(endHash *chainhash.Hash, interval int,
) ([]chainhash.Hash, error)

IntervalBlockHashes returns hashes for all blocks that are ancestors of endHash where the block height is a positive multiple of interval.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) IsCheckpointCandidate Uses

func (b *BlockChain) IsCheckpointCandidate(block *btcutil.Block) (bool, error)

IsCheckpointCandidate returns whether or not the passed block is a good checkpoint candidate.

The factors used to determine a good checkpoint are:

- The block must be in the main chain
- The block must be at least 'CheckpointConfirmations' blocks prior to the
  current end of the main chain
- The timestamps for the blocks before and after the checkpoint must have
  timestamps which are also before and after the checkpoint, respectively
  (due to the median time allowance this is not always the case)
- The block must not contain any strange transaction such as those with
  nonstandard scripts

The intent is that candidates are reviewed by a developer to make the final decision and then manually added to the list of checkpoints for a network.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) IsCurrent Uses

func (b *BlockChain) IsCurrent() bool

IsCurrent returns whether or not the chain believes it is current. Several factors are used to guess, but the key factors that allow the chain to believe it is current are:

- Latest block height is after the latest checkpoint (if enabled)
- Latest block has a timestamp newer than 24 hours ago

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) IsDeploymentActive Uses

func (b *BlockChain) IsDeploymentActive(deploymentID uint32) (bool, error)

IsDeploymentActive returns true if the target deploymentID is active, and false otherwise.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) IsKnownOrphan Uses

func (b *BlockChain) IsKnownOrphan(hash *chainhash.Hash) bool

IsKnownOrphan returns whether the passed hash is currently a known orphan. Keep in mind that only a limited number of orphans are held onto for a limited amount of time, so this function must not be used as an absolute way to test if a block is an orphan block. A full block (as opposed to just its hash) must be passed to ProcessBlock for that purpose. However, calling ProcessBlock with an orphan that already exists results in an error, so this function provides a mechanism for a caller to intelligently detect *recent* duplicate orphans and react accordingly.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) LatestBlockLocator Uses

func (b *BlockChain) LatestBlockLocator() (BlockLocator, error)

LatestBlockLocator returns a block locator for the latest known tip of the main (best) chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) LatestCheckpoint Uses

func (b *BlockChain) LatestCheckpoint() *chaincfg.Checkpoint

LatestCheckpoint returns the most recent checkpoint (regardless of whether it is already known). When there are no defined checkpoints for the active chain instance, it will return nil.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) LocateBlocks Uses

func (b *BlockChain) LocateBlocks(locator BlockLocator, hashStop *chainhash.Hash, maxHashes uint32) []chainhash.Hash

LocateBlocks returns the hashes of the blocks after the first known block in the locator until the provided stop hash is reached, or up to the provided max number of block hashes.

In addition, there are two special cases:

- When no locators are provided, the stop hash is treated as a request for

that block, so it will either return the stop hash itself if it is known,
or nil if it is unknown

- When locators are provided, but none of them are known, hashes starting

after the genesis block will be returned

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) LocateHeaders Uses

func (b *BlockChain) LocateHeaders(locator BlockLocator, hashStop *chainhash.Hash) []wire.BlockHeader

LocateHeaders returns the headers of the blocks after the first known block in the locator until the provided stop hash is reached, or up to a max of wire.MaxBlockHeadersPerMsg headers.

In addition, there are two special cases:

- When no locators are provided, the stop hash is treated as a request for

that header, so it will either return the header for the stop hash itself
if it is known, or nil if it is unknown

- When locators are provided, but none of them are known, headers starting

after the genesis block will be returned

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) MainChainHasBlock Uses

func (b *BlockChain) MainChainHasBlock(hash *chainhash.Hash) bool

MainChainHasBlock returns whether or not the block with the given hash is in the main chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

func (*BlockChain) ProcessBlock Uses

func (b *BlockChain) ProcessBlock(block *btcutil.Block, flags BehaviorFlags) (bool, bool, error)

ProcessBlock is the main workhorse for handling insertion of new blocks into the block chain. It includes functionality such as rejecting duplicate blocks, ensuring blocks follow all rules, orphan handling, and insertion into the block chain along with best chain selection and reorganization.

When no errors occurred during processing, the first return value indicates whether or not the block is on the main chain and the second indicates whether or not the block is an orphan.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

This example demonstrates how to create a new chain instance and use ProcessBlock to attempt to add a block to the chain. As the package overview documentation describes, this includes all of the Bitcoin consensus rules. This example intentionally attempts to insert a duplicate genesis block to illustrate how an invalid block is handled.

Code:

// Create a new database to store the accepted blocks into.  Typically
// this would be opening an existing database and would not be deleting
// and creating a new database like this, but it is done here so this is
// a complete working example and does not leave temporary files laying
// around.
dbPath := filepath.Join(os.TempDir(), "exampleprocessblock")
_ = os.RemoveAll(dbPath)
db, err := database.Create("ffldb", dbPath, chaincfg.MainNetParams.Net)
if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("Failed to create database: %v\n", err)
    return
}
defer os.RemoveAll(dbPath)
defer db.Close()

// Create a new BlockChain instance using the underlying database for
// the main bitcoin network.  This example does not demonstrate some
// of the other available configuration options such as specifying a
// notification callback and signature cache.  Also, the caller would
// ordinarily keep a reference to the median time source and add time
// values obtained from other peers on the network so the local time is
// adjusted to be in agreement with other peers.
chain, err := blockchain.New(&blockchain.Config{
    DB:          db,
    ChainParams: &chaincfg.MainNetParams,
    TimeSource:  blockchain.NewMedianTime(),
})
if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("Failed to create chain instance: %v\n", err)
    return
}

// Process a block.  For this example, we are going to intentionally
// cause an error by trying to process the genesis block which already
// exists.
genesisBlock := btcutil.NewBlock(chaincfg.MainNetParams.GenesisBlock)
isMainChain, isOrphan, err := chain.ProcessBlock(genesisBlock,
    blockchain.BFNone)
if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("Failed to process block: %v\n", err)
    return
}
fmt.Printf("Block accepted. Is it on the main chain?: %v", isMainChain)
fmt.Printf("Block accepted. Is it an orphan?: %v", isOrphan)

Output:

Failed to process block: already have block 000000000019d6689c085ae165831e934ff763ae46a2a6c172b3f1b60a8ce26f

func (*BlockChain) Subscribe Uses

func (b *BlockChain) Subscribe(callback NotificationCallback)

Subscribe to block chain notifications. Registers a callback to be executed when various events take place. See the documentation on Notification and NotificationType for details on the types and contents of notifications.

func (*BlockChain) ThresholdState Uses

func (b *BlockChain) ThresholdState(deploymentID uint32) (ThresholdState, error)

ThresholdState returns the current rule change threshold state of the given deployment ID for the block AFTER the end of the current best chain.

This function is safe for concurrent access.

type BlockLocator Uses

type BlockLocator []*chainhash.Hash

BlockLocator is used to help locate a specific block. The algorithm for building the block locator is to add the hashes in reverse order until the genesis block is reached. In order to keep the list of locator hashes to a reasonable number of entries, first the most recent previous 12 block hashes are added, then the step is doubled each loop iteration to exponentially decrease the number of hashes as a function of the distance from the block being located.

For example, assume a block chain with a side chain as depicted below:

genesis -> 1 -> 2 -> ... -> 15 -> 16  -> 17  -> 18
                              \-> 16a -> 17a

The block locator for block 17a would be the hashes of blocks: [17a 16a 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 4 genesis]

type Config Uses

type Config struct {
    // DB defines the database which houses the blocks and will be used to
    // store all metadata created by this package such as the utxo set.
    //
    // This field is required.
    DB  database.DB

    // Interrupt specifies a channel the caller can close to signal that
    // long running operations, such as catching up indexes or performing
    // database migrations, should be interrupted.
    //
    // This field can be nil if the caller does not desire the behavior.
    Interrupt <-chan struct{}

    // ChainParams identifies which chain parameters the chain is associated
    // with.
    //
    // This field is required.
    ChainParams *chaincfg.Params

    // Checkpoints hold caller-defined checkpoints that should be added to
    // the default checkpoints in ChainParams.  Checkpoints must be sorted
    // by height.
    //
    // This field can be nil if the caller does not wish to specify any
    // checkpoints.
    Checkpoints []chaincfg.Checkpoint

    // TimeSource defines the median time source to use for things such as
    // block processing and determining whether or not the chain is current.
    //
    // The caller is expected to keep a reference to the time source as well
    // and add time samples from other peers on the network so the local
    // time is adjusted to be in agreement with other peers.
    TimeSource MedianTimeSource

    // SigCache defines a signature cache to use when when validating
    // signatures.  This is typically most useful when individual
    // transactions are already being validated prior to their inclusion in
    // a block such as what is usually done via a transaction memory pool.
    //
    // This field can be nil if the caller is not interested in using a
    // signature cache.
    SigCache *txscript.SigCache

    // IndexManager defines an index manager to use when initializing the
    // chain and connecting and disconnecting blocks.
    //
    // This field can be nil if the caller does not wish to make use of an
    // index manager.
    IndexManager IndexManager

    // HashCache defines a transaction hash mid-state cache to use when
    // validating transactions. This cache has the potential to greatly
    // speed up transaction validation as re-using the pre-calculated
    // mid-state eliminates the O(N^2) validation complexity due to the
    // SigHashAll flag.
    //
    // This field can be nil if the caller is not interested in using a
    // signature cache.
    HashCache *txscript.HashCache
}

Config is a descriptor which specifies the blockchain instance configuration.

type DeploymentError Uses

type DeploymentError uint32

DeploymentError identifies an error that indicates a deployment ID was specified that does not exist.

func (DeploymentError) Error Uses

func (e DeploymentError) Error() string

Error returns the assertion error as a human-readable string and satisfies the error interface.

type ErrorCode Uses

type ErrorCode int

ErrorCode identifies a kind of error.

const (
    // ErrDuplicateBlock indicates a block with the same hash already
    // exists.
    ErrDuplicateBlock ErrorCode = iota

    // ErrBlockTooBig indicates the serialized block size exceeds the
    // maximum allowed size.
    ErrBlockTooBig

    // ErrBlockWeightTooHigh indicates that the block's computed weight
    // metric exceeds the maximum allowed value.
    ErrBlockWeightTooHigh

    // ErrBlockVersionTooOld indicates the block version is too old and is
    // no longer accepted since the majority of the network has upgraded
    // to a newer version.
    ErrBlockVersionTooOld

    // ErrInvalidTime indicates the time in the passed block has a precision
    // that is more than one second.  The chain consensus rules require
    // timestamps to have a maximum precision of one second.
    ErrInvalidTime

    // ErrTimeTooOld indicates the time is either before the median time of
    // the last several blocks per the chain consensus rules or prior to the
    // most recent checkpoint.
    ErrTimeTooOld

    // ErrTimeTooNew indicates the time is too far in the future as compared
    // the current time.
    ErrTimeTooNew

    // ErrDifficultyTooLow indicates the difficulty for the block is lower
    // than the difficulty required by the most recent checkpoint.
    ErrDifficultyTooLow

    // ErrUnexpectedDifficulty indicates specified bits do not align with
    // the expected value either because it doesn't match the calculated
    // valued based on difficulty regarted rules or it is out of the valid
    // range.
    ErrUnexpectedDifficulty

    // ErrHighHash indicates the block does not hash to a value which is
    // lower than the required target difficultly.
    ErrHighHash

    // ErrBadMerkleRoot indicates the calculated merkle root does not match
    // the expected value.
    ErrBadMerkleRoot

    // ErrBadCheckpoint indicates a block that is expected to be at a
    // checkpoint height does not match the expected one.
    ErrBadCheckpoint

    // ErrForkTooOld indicates a block is attempting to fork the block chain
    // before the most recent checkpoint.
    ErrForkTooOld

    // ErrCheckpointTimeTooOld indicates a block has a timestamp before the
    // most recent checkpoint.
    ErrCheckpointTimeTooOld

    // ErrNoTransactions indicates the block does not have a least one
    // transaction.  A valid block must have at least the coinbase
    // transaction.
    ErrNoTransactions

    // ErrNoTxInputs indicates a transaction does not have any inputs.  A
    // valid transaction must have at least one input.
    ErrNoTxInputs

    // ErrNoTxOutputs indicates a transaction does not have any outputs.  A
    // valid transaction must have at least one output.
    ErrNoTxOutputs

    // ErrTxTooBig indicates a transaction exceeds the maximum allowed size
    // when serialized.
    ErrTxTooBig

    // ErrBadTxOutValue indicates an output value for a transaction is
    // invalid in some way such as being out of range.
    ErrBadTxOutValue

    // ErrDuplicateTxInputs indicates a transaction references the same
    // input more than once.
    ErrDuplicateTxInputs

    // ErrBadTxInput indicates a transaction input is invalid in some way
    // such as referencing a previous transaction outpoint which is out of
    // range or not referencing one at all.
    ErrBadTxInput

    // ErrMissingTxOut indicates a transaction output referenced by an input
    // either does not exist or has already been spent.
    ErrMissingTxOut

    // ErrUnfinalizedTx indicates a transaction has not been finalized.
    // A valid block may only contain finalized transactions.
    ErrUnfinalizedTx

    // ErrDuplicateTx indicates a block contains an identical transaction
    // (or at least two transactions which hash to the same value).  A
    // valid block may only contain unique transactions.
    ErrDuplicateTx

    // ErrOverwriteTx indicates a block contains a transaction that has
    // the same hash as a previous transaction which has not been fully
    // spent.
    ErrOverwriteTx

    // ErrImmatureSpend indicates a transaction is attempting to spend a
    // coinbase that has not yet reached the required maturity.
    ErrImmatureSpend

    // ErrSpendTooHigh indicates a transaction is attempting to spend more
    // value than the sum of all of its inputs.
    ErrSpendTooHigh

    // ErrBadFees indicates the total fees for a block are invalid due to
    // exceeding the maximum possible value.
    ErrBadFees

    // ErrTooManySigOps indicates the total number of signature operations
    // for a transaction or block exceed the maximum allowed limits.
    ErrTooManySigOps

    // ErrFirstTxNotCoinbase indicates the first transaction in a block
    // is not a coinbase transaction.
    ErrFirstTxNotCoinbase

    // ErrMultipleCoinbases indicates a block contains more than one
    // coinbase transaction.
    ErrMultipleCoinbases

    // ErrBadCoinbaseScriptLen indicates the length of the signature script
    // for a coinbase transaction is not within the valid range.
    ErrBadCoinbaseScriptLen

    // ErrBadCoinbaseValue indicates the amount of a coinbase value does
    // not match the expected value of the subsidy plus the sum of all fees.
    ErrBadCoinbaseValue

    // ErrMissingCoinbaseHeight indicates the coinbase transaction for a
    // block does not start with the serialized block block height as
    // required for version 2 and higher blocks.
    ErrMissingCoinbaseHeight

    // ErrBadCoinbaseHeight indicates the serialized block height in the
    // coinbase transaction for version 2 and higher blocks does not match
    // the expected value.
    ErrBadCoinbaseHeight

    // ErrScriptMalformed indicates a transaction script is malformed in
    // some way.  For example, it might be longer than the maximum allowed
    // length or fail to parse.
    ErrScriptMalformed

    // ErrScriptValidation indicates the result of executing transaction
    // script failed.  The error covers any failure when executing scripts
    // such signature verification failures and execution past the end of
    // the stack.
    ErrScriptValidation

    // ErrUnexpectedWitness indicates that a block includes transactions
    // with witness data, but doesn't also have a witness commitment within
    // the coinbase transaction.
    ErrUnexpectedWitness

    // ErrInvalidWitnessCommitment indicates that a block's witness
    // commitment is not well formed.
    ErrInvalidWitnessCommitment

    // ErrWitnessCommitmentMismatch indicates that the witness commitment
    // included in the block's coinbase transaction doesn't match the
    // manually computed witness commitment.
    ErrWitnessCommitmentMismatch

    // ErrPreviousBlockUnknown indicates that the previous block is not known.
    ErrPreviousBlockUnknown

    // ErrInvalidAncestorBlock indicates that an ancestor of this block has
    // already failed validation.
    ErrInvalidAncestorBlock

    // ErrPrevBlockNotBest indicates that the block's previous block is not the
    // current chain tip. This is not a block validation rule, but is required
    // for block proposals submitted via getblocktemplate RPC.
    ErrPrevBlockNotBest
)

These constants are used to identify a specific RuleError.

func (ErrorCode) String Uses

func (e ErrorCode) String() string

String returns the ErrorCode as a human-readable name.

type IndexManager Uses

type IndexManager interface {
    // Init is invoked during chain initialize in order to allow the index
    // manager to initialize itself and any indexes it is managing.  The
    // channel parameter specifies a channel the caller can close to signal
    // that the process should be interrupted.  It can be nil if that
    // behavior is not desired.
    Init(*BlockChain, <-chan struct{}) error

    // ConnectBlock is invoked when a new block has been connected to the
    // main chain. The set of output spent within a block is also passed in
    // so indexers can access the previous output scripts input spent if
    // required.
    ConnectBlock(database.Tx, *btcutil.Block, []SpentTxOut) error

    // DisconnectBlock is invoked when a block has been disconnected from
    // the main chain. The set of outputs scripts that were spent within
    // this block is also returned so indexers can clean up the prior index
    // state for this block.
    DisconnectBlock(database.Tx, *btcutil.Block, []SpentTxOut) error
}

IndexManager provides a generic interface that the is called when blocks are connected and disconnected to and from the tip of the main chain for the purpose of supporting optional indexes.

type MedianTimeSource Uses

type MedianTimeSource interface {
    // AdjustedTime returns the current time adjusted by the median time
    // offset as calculated from the time samples added by AddTimeSample.
    AdjustedTime() time.Time

    // AddTimeSample adds a time sample that is used when determining the
    // median time of the added samples.
    AddTimeSample(id string, timeVal time.Time)

    // Offset returns the number of seconds to adjust the local clock based
    // upon the median of the time samples added by AddTimeData.
    Offset() time.Duration
}

MedianTimeSource provides a mechanism to add several time samples which are used to determine a median time which is then used as an offset to the local clock.

func NewMedianTime Uses

func NewMedianTime() MedianTimeSource

NewMedianTime returns a new instance of concurrency-safe implementation of the MedianTimeSource interface. The returned implementation contains the rules necessary for proper time handling in the chain consensus rules and expects the time samples to be added from the timestamp field of the version message received from remote peers that successfully connect and negotiate.

type Notification Uses

type Notification struct {
    Type NotificationType
    Data interface{}
}

Notification defines notification that is sent to the caller via the callback function provided during the call to New and consists of a notification type as well as associated data that depends on the type as follows:

- NTBlockAccepted:     *btcutil.Block
- NTBlockConnected:    *btcutil.Block
- NTBlockDisconnected: *btcutil.Block

type NotificationCallback Uses

type NotificationCallback func(*Notification)

NotificationCallback is used for a caller to provide a callback for notifications about various chain events.

type NotificationType Uses

type NotificationType int

NotificationType represents the type of a notification message.

const (
    // NTBlockAccepted indicates the associated block was accepted into
    // the block chain.  Note that this does not necessarily mean it was
    // added to the main chain.  For that, use NTBlockConnected.
    NTBlockAccepted NotificationType = iota

    // NTBlockConnected indicates the associated block was connected to the
    // main chain.
    NTBlockConnected

    // NTBlockDisconnected indicates the associated block was disconnected
    // from the main chain.
    NTBlockDisconnected
)

Constants for the type of a notification message.

func (NotificationType) String Uses

func (n NotificationType) String() string

String returns the NotificationType in human-readable form.

type RuleError Uses

type RuleError struct {
    ErrorCode   ErrorCode // Describes the kind of error
    Description string    // Human readable description of the issue
}

RuleError identifies a rule violation. It is used to indicate that processing of a block or transaction failed due to one of the many validation rules. The caller can use type assertions to determine if a failure was specifically due to a rule violation and access the ErrorCode field to ascertain the specific reason for the rule violation.

func (RuleError) Error Uses

func (e RuleError) Error() string

Error satisfies the error interface and prints human-readable errors.

type SequenceLock Uses

type SequenceLock struct {
    Seconds     int64
    BlockHeight int32
}

SequenceLock represents the converted relative lock-time in seconds, and absolute block-height for a transaction input's relative lock-times. According to SequenceLock, after the referenced input has been confirmed within a block, a transaction spending that input can be included into a block either after 'seconds' (according to past median time), or once the 'BlockHeight' has been reached.

type SpentTxOut Uses

type SpentTxOut struct {
    // Amount is the amount of the output.
    Amount int64

    // PkScipt is the the public key script for the output.
    PkScript []byte

    // Height is the height of the the block containing the creating tx.
    Height int32

    // Denotes if the creating tx is a coinbase.
    IsCoinBase bool
}

SpentTxOut contains a spent transaction output and potentially additional contextual information such as whether or not it was contained in a coinbase transaction, the version of the transaction it was contained in, and which block height the containing transaction was included in. As described in the comments above, the additional contextual information will only be valid when this spent txout is spending the last unspent output of the containing transaction.

type ThresholdState Uses

type ThresholdState byte

ThresholdState define the various threshold states used when voting on consensus changes.

const (
    // ThresholdDefined is the first state for each deployment and is the
    // state for the genesis block has by definition for all deployments.
    ThresholdDefined ThresholdState = iota

    // ThresholdStarted is the state for a deployment once its start time
    // has been reached.
    ThresholdStarted

    // ThresholdLockedIn is the state for a deployment during the retarget
    // period which is after the ThresholdStarted state period and the
    // number of blocks that have voted for the deployment equal or exceed
    // the required number of votes for the deployment.
    ThresholdLockedIn

    // ThresholdActive is the state for a deployment for all blocks after a
    // retarget period in which the deployment was in the ThresholdLockedIn
    // state.
    ThresholdActive

    // ThresholdFailed is the state for a deployment once its expiration
    // time has been reached and it did not reach the ThresholdLockedIn
    // state.
    ThresholdFailed
)

These constants are used to identify specific threshold states.

func (ThresholdState) String Uses

func (t ThresholdState) String() string

String returns the ThresholdState as a human-readable name.

type UtxoEntry Uses

type UtxoEntry struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

UtxoEntry houses details about an individual transaction output in a utxo view such as whether or not it was contained in a coinbase tx, the height of the block that contains the tx, whether or not it is spent, its public key script, and how much it pays.

func (*UtxoEntry) Amount Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) Amount() int64

Amount returns the amount of the output.

func (*UtxoEntry) BlockHeight Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) BlockHeight() int32

BlockHeight returns the height of the block containing the output.

func (*UtxoEntry) Clone Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) Clone() *UtxoEntry

Clone returns a shallow copy of the utxo entry.

func (*UtxoEntry) IsCoinBase Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) IsCoinBase() bool

IsCoinBase returns whether or not the output was contained in a coinbase transaction.

func (*UtxoEntry) IsSpent Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) IsSpent() bool

IsSpent returns whether or not the output has been spent based upon the current state of the unspent transaction output view it was obtained from.

func (*UtxoEntry) PkScript Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) PkScript() []byte

PkScript returns the public key script for the output.

func (*UtxoEntry) Spend Uses

func (entry *UtxoEntry) Spend()

Spend marks the output as spent. Spending an output that is already spent has no effect.

type UtxoViewpoint Uses

type UtxoViewpoint struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

UtxoViewpoint represents a view into the set of unspent transaction outputs from a specific point of view in the chain. For example, it could be for the end of the main chain, some point in the history of the main chain, or down a side chain.

The unspent outputs are needed by other transactions for things such as script validation and double spend prevention.

func NewUtxoViewpoint Uses

func NewUtxoViewpoint() *UtxoViewpoint

NewUtxoViewpoint returns a new empty unspent transaction output view.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) AddTxOut Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) AddTxOut(tx *btcutil.Tx, txOutIdx uint32, blockHeight int32)

AddTxOut adds the specified output of the passed transaction to the view if it exists and is not provably unspendable. When the view already has an entry for the output, it will be marked unspent. All fields will be updated for existing entries since it's possible it has changed during a reorg.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) AddTxOuts Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) AddTxOuts(tx *btcutil.Tx, blockHeight int32)

AddTxOuts adds all outputs in the passed transaction which are not provably unspendable to the view. When the view already has entries for any of the outputs, they are simply marked unspent. All fields will be updated for existing entries since it's possible it has changed during a reorg.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) BestHash Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) BestHash() *chainhash.Hash

BestHash returns the hash of the best block in the chain the view currently respresents.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) Entries Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) Entries() map[wire.OutPoint]*UtxoEntry

Entries returns the underlying map that stores of all the utxo entries.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) LookupEntry Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) LookupEntry(outpoint wire.OutPoint) *UtxoEntry

LookupEntry returns information about a given transaction output according to the current state of the view. It will return nil if the passed output does not exist in the view or is otherwise not available such as when it has been disconnected during a reorg.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) RemoveEntry Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) RemoveEntry(outpoint wire.OutPoint)

RemoveEntry removes the given transaction output from the current state of the view. It will have no effect if the passed output does not exist in the view.

func (*UtxoViewpoint) SetBestHash Uses

func (view *UtxoViewpoint) SetBestHash(hash *chainhash.Hash)

SetBestHash sets the hash of the best block in the chain the view currently respresents.

Directories

PathSynopsis
fullblocktestsPackage fullblocktests provides a set of block consensus validation tests.
indexersPackage indexers implements optional block chain indexes.

Package blockchain imports 19 packages (graph) and is imported by 555 packages. Updated 2019-03-13. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.