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package gopacket

import ""

Package gopacket provides packet decoding for the Go language.

gopacket contains many sub-packages with additional functionality you may find useful, including:

* layers: You'll probably use this every time.  This contains of the logic
    built into gopacket for decoding packet protocols.  Note that all example
    code below assumes that you have imported both gopacket and
* pcap: C bindings to use libpcap to read packets off the wire.
* pfring: C bindings to use PF_RING to read packets off the wire.
* afpacket: C bindings for Linux's AF_PACKET to read packets off the wire.
* tcpassembly: TCP stream reassembly

Also, if you're looking to dive right into code, see the examples subdirectory for numerous simple binaries built using gopacket libraries.

Minimum go version required is 1.5 except for pcapgo/EthernetHandle, afpacket, and bsdbpf which need at least 1.7 due to x/sys/unix dependencies.

Basic Usage

gopacket takes in packet data as a []byte and decodes it into a packet with a non-zero number of "layers". Each layer corresponds to a protocol within the bytes. Once a packet has been decoded, the layers of the packet can be requested from the packet.

// Decode a packet
packet := gopacket.NewPacket(myPacketData, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.Default)
// Get the TCP layer from this packet
if tcpLayer := packet.Layer(layers.LayerTypeTCP); tcpLayer != nil {
  fmt.Println("This is a TCP packet!")
  // Get actual TCP data from this layer
  tcp, _ := tcpLayer.(*layers.TCP)
  fmt.Printf("From src port %d to dst port %d\n", tcp.SrcPort, tcp.DstPort)
// Iterate over all layers, printing out each layer type
for _, layer := range packet.Layers() {
  fmt.Println("PACKET LAYER:", layer.LayerType())

Packets can be decoded from a number of starting points. Many of our base types implement Decoder, which allow us to decode packets for which we don't have full data.

// Decode an ethernet packet
ethP := gopacket.NewPacket(p1, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.Default)
// Decode an IPv6 header and everything it contains
ipP := gopacket.NewPacket(p2, layers.LayerTypeIPv6, gopacket.Default)
// Decode a TCP header and its payload
tcpP := gopacket.NewPacket(p3, layers.LayerTypeTCP, gopacket.Default)

Reading Packets From A Source

Most of the time, you won't just have a []byte of packet data lying around. Instead, you'll want to read packets in from somewhere (file, interface, etc) and process them. To do that, you'll want to build a PacketSource.

First, you'll need to construct an object that implements the PacketDataSource interface. There are implementations of this interface bundled with gopacket in the gopacket/pcap and gopacket/pfring subpackages... see their documentation for more information on their usage. Once you have a PacketDataSource, you can pass it into NewPacketSource, along with a Decoder of your choice, to create a PacketSource.

Once you have a PacketSource, you can read packets from it in multiple ways. See the docs for PacketSource for more details. The easiest method is the Packets function, which returns a channel, then asynchronously writes new packets into that channel, closing the channel if the packetSource hits an end-of-file.

packetSource := ...  // construct using pcap or pfring
for packet := range packetSource.Packets() {
  handlePacket(packet)  // do something with each packet

You can change the decoding options of the packetSource by setting fields in packetSource.DecodeOptions... see the following sections for more details.

Lazy Decoding

gopacket optionally decodes packet data lazily, meaning it only decodes a packet layer when it needs to handle a function call.

// Create a packet, but don't actually decode anything yet
packet := gopacket.NewPacket(myPacketData, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.Lazy)
// Now, decode the packet up to the first IPv4 layer found but no further.
// If no IPv4 layer was found, the whole packet will be decoded looking for
// it.
ip4 := packet.Layer(layers.LayerTypeIPv4)
// Decode all layers and return them.  The layers up to the first IPv4 layer
// are already decoded, and will not require decoding a second time.
layers := packet.Layers()

Lazily-decoded packets are not concurrency-safe. Since layers have not all been decoded, each call to Layer() or Layers() has the potential to mutate the packet in order to decode the next layer. If a packet is used in multiple goroutines concurrently, don't use gopacket.Lazy. Then gopacket will decode the packet fully, and all future function calls won't mutate the object.

NoCopy Decoding

By default, gopacket will copy the slice passed to NewPacket and store the copy within the packet, so future mutations to the bytes underlying the slice don't affect the packet and its layers. If you can guarantee that the underlying slice bytes won't be changed, you can use NoCopy to tell gopacket.NewPacket, and it'll use the passed-in slice itself.

// This channel returns new byte slices, each of which points to a new
// memory location that's guaranteed immutable for the duration of the
// packet.
for data := range myByteSliceChannel {
  p := gopacket.NewPacket(data, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.NoCopy)

The fastest method of decoding is to use both Lazy and NoCopy, but note from the many caveats above that for some implementations either or both may be dangerous.

Pointers To Known Layers

During decoding, certain layers are stored in the packet as well-known layer types. For example, IPv4 and IPv6 are both considered NetworkLayer layers, while TCP and UDP are both TransportLayer layers. We support 4 layers, corresponding to the 4 layers of the TCP/IP layering scheme (roughly anagalous to layers 2, 3, 4, and 7 of the OSI model). To access these, you can use the packet.LinkLayer, packet.NetworkLayer, packet.TransportLayer, and packet.ApplicationLayer functions. Each of these functions returns a corresponding interface (gopacket.{Link,Network,Transport,Application}Layer). The first three provide methods for getting src/dst addresses for that particular layer, while the final layer provides a Payload function to get payload data. This is helpful, for example, to get payloads for all packets regardless of their underlying data type:

// Get packets from some source
for packet := range someSource {
  if app := packet.ApplicationLayer(); app != nil {
    if strings.Contains(string(app.Payload()), "magic string") {
      fmt.Println("Found magic string in a packet!")

A particularly useful layer is ErrorLayer, which is set whenever there's an error parsing part of the packet.

packet := gopacket.NewPacket(myPacketData, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.Default)
if err := packet.ErrorLayer(); err != nil {
  fmt.Println("Error decoding some part of the packet:", err)

Note that we don't return an error from NewPacket because we may have decoded a number of layers successfully before running into our erroneous layer. You may still be able to get your Ethernet and IPv4 layers correctly, even if your TCP layer is malformed.

Flow And Endpoint

gopacket has two useful objects, Flow and Endpoint, for communicating in a protocol independent manner the fact that a packet is coming from A and going to B. The general layer types LinkLayer, NetworkLayer, and TransportLayer all provide methods for extracting their flow information, without worrying about the type of the underlying Layer.

A Flow is a simple object made up of a set of two Endpoints, one source and one destination. It details the sender and receiver of the Layer of the Packet.

An Endpoint is a hashable representation of a source or destination. For example, for LayerTypeIPv4, an Endpoint contains the IP address bytes for a v4 IP packet. A Flow can be broken into Endpoints, and Endpoints can be combined into Flows:

packet := gopacket.NewPacket(myPacketData, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.Lazy)
netFlow := packet.NetworkLayer().NetworkFlow()
src, dst := netFlow.Endpoints()
reverseFlow := gopacket.NewFlow(dst, src)

Both Endpoint and Flow objects can be used as map keys, and the equality operator can compare them, so you can easily group together all packets based on endpoint criteria:

flows := map[gopacket.Endpoint]chan gopacket.Packet
packet := gopacket.NewPacket(myPacketData, layers.LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.Lazy)
// Send all TCP packets to channels based on their destination port.
if tcp := packet.Layer(layers.LayerTypeTCP); tcp != nil {
  flows[tcp.TransportFlow().Dst()] <- packet
// Look for all packets with the same source and destination network address
if net := packet.NetworkLayer(); net != nil {
  src, dst := net.NetworkFlow().Endpoints()
  if src == dst {
    fmt.Println("Fishy packet has same network source and dst: %s", src)
// Find all packets coming from UDP port 1000 to UDP port 500
interestingFlow := gopacket.FlowFromEndpoints(layers.NewUDPPortEndpoint(1000), layers.NewUDPPortEndpoint(500))
if t := packet.NetworkLayer(); t != nil && t.TransportFlow() == interestingFlow {
  fmt.Println("Found that UDP flow I was looking for!")

For load-balancing purposes, both Flow and Endpoint have FastHash() functions, which provide quick, non-cryptographic hashes of their contents. Of particular importance is the fact that Flow FastHash() is symmetric: A->B will have the same hash as B->A. An example usage could be:

channels := [8]chan gopacket.Packet
for i := 0; i < 8; i++ {
  channels[i] = make(chan gopacket.Packet)
  go packetHandler(channels[i])
for packet := range getPackets() {
  if net := packet.NetworkLayer(); net != nil {
    channels[int(net.NetworkFlow().FastHash()) & 0x7] <- packet

This allows us to split up a packet stream while still making sure that each stream sees all packets for a flow (and its bidirectional opposite).

Implementing Your Own Decoder

If your network has some strange encapsulation, you can implement your own decoder. In this example, we handle Ethernet packets which are encapsulated in a 4-byte header.

// Create a layer type, should be unique and high, so it doesn't conflict,
// giving it a name and a decoder to use.
var MyLayerType = gopacket.RegisterLayerType(12345, gopacket.LayerTypeMetadata{Name: "MyLayerType", Decoder: gopacket.DecodeFunc(decodeMyLayer)})

// Implement my layer
type MyLayer struct {
  StrangeHeader []byte
  payload []byte
func (m MyLayer) LayerType() gopacket.LayerType { return MyLayerType }
func (m MyLayer) LayerContents() []byte { return m.StrangeHeader }
func (m MyLayer) LayerPayload() []byte { return m.payload }

// Now implement a decoder... this one strips off the first 4 bytes of the
// packet.
func decodeMyLayer(data []byte, p gopacket.PacketBuilder) error {
  // Create my layer
  p.AddLayer(&MyLayer{data[:4], data[4:]})
  // Determine how to handle the rest of the packet
  return p.NextDecoder(layers.LayerTypeEthernet)

// Finally, decode your packets:
p := gopacket.NewPacket(data, MyLayerType, gopacket.Lazy)

See the docs for Decoder and PacketBuilder for more details on how coding decoders works, or look at RegisterLayerType and RegisterEndpointType to see how to add layer/endpoint types to gopacket.

Fast Decoding With DecodingLayerParser

TLDR: DecodingLayerParser takes about 10% of the time as NewPacket to decode packet data, but only for known packet stacks.

Basic decoding using gopacket.NewPacket or PacketSource.Packets is somewhat slow due to its need to allocate a new packet and every respective layer. It's very versatile and can handle all known layer types, but sometimes you really only care about a specific set of layers regardless, so that versatility is wasted.

DecodingLayerParser avoids memory allocation altogether by decoding packet layers directly into preallocated objects, which you can then reference to get the packet's information. A quick example:

func main() {
  var eth layers.Ethernet
  var ip4 layers.IPv4
  var ip6 layers.IPv6
  var tcp layers.TCP
  parser := gopacket.NewDecodingLayerParser(layers.LayerTypeEthernet, &eth, &ip4, &ip6, &tcp)
  decoded := []gopacket.LayerType{}
  for packetData := range somehowGetPacketData() {
    if err := parser.DecodeLayers(packetData, &decoded); err != nil {
      fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Could not decode layers: %v\n", err)
    for _, layerType := range decoded {
      switch layerType {
        case layers.LayerTypeIPv6:
          fmt.Println("    IP6 ", ip6.SrcIP, ip6.DstIP)
        case layers.LayerTypeIPv4:
          fmt.Println("    IP4 ", ip4.SrcIP, ip4.DstIP)

The important thing to note here is that the parser is modifying the passed in layers (eth, ip4, ip6, tcp) instead of allocating new ones, thus greatly speeding up the decoding process. It's even branching based on layer type... it'll handle an (eth, ip4, tcp) or (eth, ip6, tcp) stack. However, it won't handle any other type... since no other decoders were passed in, an (eth, ip4, udp) stack will stop decoding after ip4, and only pass back [LayerTypeEthernet, LayerTypeIPv4] through the 'decoded' slice (along with an error saying it can't decode a UDP packet).

Unfortunately, not all layers can be used by DecodingLayerParser... only those implementing the DecodingLayer interface are usable. Also, it's possible to create DecodingLayers that are not themselves Layers... see layers.IPv6ExtensionSkipper for an example of this.

Faster And Customized Decoding with DecodingLayerContainer

By default, DecodingLayerParser uses native map to store and search for a layer to decode. Though being versatile, in some cases this solution may be not so optimal. For example, if you have only few layers faster operations may be provided by sparse array indexing or linear array scan.

To accomodate these scenarios, DecodingLayerContainer interface is introduced along with its implementations: DecodingLayerSparse, DecodingLayerArray and DecodingLayerMap. You can specify a container implementation to DecodingLayerParser with SetDecodingLayerContainer method. Example:

dlp := gopacket.NewDecodingLayerParser(LayerTypeEthernet)
var eth layers.Ethernet
// ... add layers and use DecodingLayerParser as usual...

To skip one level of indirection (though sacrificing some capabilities) you may also use DecodingLayerContainer as a decoding tool as it is. In this case you have to handle unknown layer types and layer panics by yourself. Example:

func main() {
  var eth layers.Ethernet
  var ip4 layers.IPv4
  var ip6 layers.IPv6
  var tcp layers.TCP
  dlc := gopacket.DecodingLayerContainer(gopacket.DecodingLayerArray(nil))
  dlc = dlc.Put(&eth)
  dlc = dlc.Put(&ip4)
  dlc = dlc.Put(&ip6)
  dlc = dlc.Put(&tcp)
  // you may specify some meaningful DecodeFeedback
  decoder := dlc.LayersDecoder(LayerTypeEthernet, gopacket.NilDecodeFeedback)
  decoded := make([]gopacket.LayerType, 0, 20)
  for packetData := range somehowGetPacketData() {
    lt, err := decoder(packetData, &decoded)
    if err != nil {
      fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Could not decode layers: %v\n", err)
    if lt != gopacket.LayerTypeZero {
      fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "unknown layer type: %v\n", lt)
    for _, layerType := range decoded {
      // examine decoded layertypes just as already shown above

DecodingLayerSparse is the fastest but most effective when LayerType values that layers in use can decode are not large because otherwise that would lead to bigger memory footprint. DecodingLayerArray is very compact and primarily usable if the number of decoding layers is not big (up to ~10-15, but please do your own benchmarks). DecodingLayerMap is the most versatile one and used by DecodingLayerParser by default. Please refer to tests and benchmarks in layers subpackage to further examine usage examples and performance measurements.

You may also choose to implement your own DecodingLayerContainer if you want to make use of your own internal packet decoding logic.

Creating Packet Data

As well as offering the ability to decode packet data, gopacket will allow you to create packets from scratch, as well. A number of gopacket layers implement the SerializableLayer interface; these layers can be serialized to a []byte in the following manner:

ip := &layers.IPv4{
  SrcIP: net.IP{1, 2, 3, 4},
  DstIP: net.IP{5, 6, 7, 8},
  // etc...
buf := gopacket.NewSerializeBuffer()
opts := gopacket.SerializeOptions{}  // See SerializeOptions for more details.
err := ip.SerializeTo(buf, opts)
if err != nil { panic(err) }
fmt.Println(buf.Bytes())  // prints out a byte slice containing the serialized IPv4 layer.

SerializeTo PREPENDS the given layer onto the SerializeBuffer, and they treat the current buffer's Bytes() slice as the payload of the serializing layer. Therefore, you can serialize an entire packet by serializing a set of layers in reverse order (Payload, then TCP, then IP, then Ethernet, for example). The SerializeBuffer's SerializeLayers function is a helper that does exactly that.

To generate a (empty and useless, because no fields are set) Ethernet(IPv4(TCP(Payload))) packet, for example, you can run:

buf := gopacket.NewSerializeBuffer()
opts := gopacket.SerializeOptions{}
gopacket.SerializeLayers(buf, opts,
  gopacket.Payload([]byte{1, 2, 3, 4}))
packetData := buf.Bytes()

A Final Note

If you use gopacket, you'll almost definitely want to make sure gopacket/layers is imported, since when imported it sets all the LayerType variables and fills in a lot of interesting variables/maps (DecodersByLayerName, etc). Therefore, it's recommended that even if you don't use any layers functions directly, you still import with:

import (
  _ ""



Package Files

base.go decode.go doc.go flows.go layerclass.go layers_decoder.go layertype.go packet.go parser.go time.go writer.go


const MaxEndpointSize = 16

MaxEndpointSize determines the maximum size in bytes of an endpoint address.

Endpoints/Flows have a problem: They need to be hashable. Therefore, they can't use a byte slice. The two obvious choices are to use a string or a byte array. Strings work great, but string creation requires memory allocation, which can be slow. Arrays work great, but have a fixed size. We originally used the former, now we've switched to the latter. Use of a fixed byte-array doubles the speed of constructing a flow (due to not needing to allocate). This is a huge increase... too much for us to pass up.

The end result of this, though, is that an endpoint/flow can't be created using more than MaxEndpointSize bytes per address.


var DecodeStreamsAsDatagrams = DecodeOptions{DecodeStreamsAsDatagrams: true}

DecodeStreamsAsDatagrams is a DecodeOptions with just DecodeStreamsAsDatagrams set.

var DecodersByLayerName = map[string]Decoder{}

DecodersByLayerName maps layer names to decoders for those layers. This allows users to specify decoders by name to a program and have that program pick the correct decoder accordingly.

var Default = DecodeOptions{}

Default decoding provides the safest (but slowest) method for decoding packets. It eagerly processes all layers (so it's concurrency-safe) and it copies its input buffer upon creation of the packet (so the packet remains valid if the underlying slice is modified. Both of these take time, though, so beware. If you can guarantee that the packet will only be used by one goroutine at a time, set Lazy decoding. If you can guarantee that the underlying slice won't change, set NoCopy decoding.

var EndpointInvalid = RegisterEndpointType(0, EndpointTypeMetadata{Name: "invalid", Formatter: func(b []byte) string {
    return fmt.Sprintf("%v", b)

EndpointInvalid is an endpoint type used for invalid endpoints, IE endpoints that are specified incorrectly during creation.

var InvalidEndpoint = NewEndpoint(EndpointInvalid, nil)

InvalidEndpoint is a singleton Endpoint of type EndpointInvalid.

var InvalidFlow = NewFlow(EndpointInvalid, nil, nil)

InvalidFlow is a singleton Flow of type EndpointInvalid.

var LayerTypeDecodeFailure = RegisterLayerType(1, LayerTypeMetadata{Name: "DecodeFailure", Decoder: DecodeUnknown})

LayerTypeDecodeFailure is the layer type for the default error layer.

var LayerTypeFragment = RegisterLayerType(3, LayerTypeMetadata{Name: "Fragment", Decoder: DecodeFragment})

LayerTypeFragment is the layer type for a fragment of a layer transported by an underlying layer that supports fragmentation.

var LayerTypePayload = RegisterLayerType(2, LayerTypeMetadata{Name: "Payload", Decoder: DecodePayload})

LayerTypePayload is the layer type for a payload that we don't try to decode but treat as a success, IE: an application-level payload.

var LayerTypeZero = RegisterLayerType(0, LayerTypeMetadata{Name: "Unknown", Decoder: DecodeUnknown})

LayerTypeZero is an invalid layer type, but can be used to determine whether layer type has actually been set correctly.

var Lazy = DecodeOptions{Lazy: true}

Lazy is a DecodeOptions with just Lazy set.

var NoCopy = DecodeOptions{NoCopy: true}

NoCopy is a DecodeOptions with just NoCopy set.

var TimestampResolutionCaptureInfo = TimestampResolutionNanosecond

TimestampResolutionCaptureInfo is the resolution used in CaptureInfo, which his currently nanosecond

var TimestampResolutionInvalid = TimestampResolution{}

TimestampResolutionInvalid represents an invalid timestamp resolution

var TimestampResolutionMicrosecond = TimestampResolution{10, -6}

TimestampResolutionMicrosecond is a resolution of 10^-6s

var TimestampResolutionMillisecond = TimestampResolution{10, -3}

TimestampResolutionMillisecond is a resolution of 10^-3s

var TimestampResolutionNTP = TimestampResolution{2, -32}

TimestampResolutionNTP is the resolution of NTP timestamps which is 2^-32 ≈ 233 picoseconds

var TimestampResolutionNanosecond = TimestampResolution{10, -9}

TimestampResolutionNanosecond is a resolution of 10^-9s

func LayerDump Uses

func LayerDump(l Layer) string

LayerDump outputs a very verbose string representation of a layer. Its output is a concatenation of LayerString(l) and hex.Dump(l.LayerContents()). It contains newlines and ends with a newline.

func LayerGoString Uses

func LayerGoString(l Layer) string

LayerGoString returns a representation of the layer in Go syntax, taking care to shorten "very long" BaseLayer byte slices

func LayerString Uses

func LayerString(l Layer) string

LayerString outputs an individual layer as a string. The layer is output in a single line, with no trailing newline. This function is specifically designed to do the right thing for most layers... it follows the following rules:

* If the Layer has a String function, just output that.
* Otherwise, output all exported fields in the layer, recursing into
  exported slices and structs.

NOTE: This is NOT THE SAME AS fmt's "%#v". %#v will output both exported and unexported fields... many times packet layers contain unexported stuff that would just mess up the output of the layer, see for example the Payload layer and it's internal 'data' field, which contains a large byte array that would really mess up formatting.

func LongBytesGoString Uses

func LongBytesGoString(buf []byte) string

LongBytesGoString returns a string representation of the byte slice shortened using the format '<type>{<truncated slice> ... (<n> bytes)}' if it exceeds a predetermined length. Can be used to avoid filling the display with very long byte strings.

func SerializeLayers Uses

func SerializeLayers(w SerializeBuffer, opts SerializeOptions, layers ...SerializableLayer) error

SerializeLayers clears the given write buffer, then writes all layers into it so they correctly wrap each other. Note that by clearing the buffer, it invalidates all slices previously returned by w.Bytes()


buf := gopacket.NewSerializeBuffer()
opts := gopacket.SerializeOptions{}
gopacket.SerializeLayers(buf, opts, a, b, c)
firstPayload := buf.Bytes()  // contains byte representation of a(b(c))
gopacket.SerializeLayers(buf, opts, d, e, f)
secondPayload := buf.Bytes()  // contains byte representation of d(e(f)). firstPayload is now invalidated, since the SerializeLayers call Clears buf.

func SerializePacket Uses

func SerializePacket(buf SerializeBuffer, opts SerializeOptions, packet Packet) error

SerializePacket is a convenience function that calls SerializeLayers on packet's Layers(). It returns an error if one of the packet layers is not a SerializableLayer.

type ApplicationLayer Uses

type ApplicationLayer interface {
    Payload() []byte

ApplicationLayer is the packet layer corresponding to the TCP/IP layer 4 (OSI layer 7), also known as the packet payload.

type CaptureInfo Uses

type CaptureInfo struct {
    // Timestamp is the time the packet was captured, if that is known.
    Timestamp time.Time
    // CaptureLength is the total number of bytes read off of the wire.
    CaptureLength int
    // Length is the size of the original packet.  Should always be >=
    // CaptureLength.
    Length int
    // InterfaceIndex
    InterfaceIndex int
    // The packet source can place ancillary data of various types here.
    // For example, the afpacket source can report the VLAN of captured
    // packets this way.
    AncillaryData []interface{}

CaptureInfo provides standardized information about a packet captured off the wire or read from a file.

type DecodeFailure Uses

type DecodeFailure struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

DecodeFailure is a packet layer created if decoding of the packet data failed for some reason. It implements ErrorLayer. LayerContents will be the entire set of bytes that failed to parse, and Error will return the reason parsing failed.

func (*DecodeFailure) Dump Uses

func (d *DecodeFailure) Dump() (s string)

Dump implements Dumper.

func (*DecodeFailure) Error Uses

func (d *DecodeFailure) Error() error

Error returns the error encountered during decoding.

func (*DecodeFailure) LayerContents Uses

func (d *DecodeFailure) LayerContents() []byte

LayerContents implements Layer.

func (*DecodeFailure) LayerPayload Uses

func (d *DecodeFailure) LayerPayload() []byte

LayerPayload implements Layer.

func (*DecodeFailure) LayerType Uses

func (d *DecodeFailure) LayerType() LayerType

LayerType returns LayerTypeDecodeFailure

func (*DecodeFailure) String Uses

func (d *DecodeFailure) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.

type DecodeFeedback Uses

type DecodeFeedback interface {
    // SetTruncated should be called if during decoding you notice that a packet
    // is shorter than internal layer variables (HeaderLength, or the like) say it
    // should be.  It sets packet.Metadata().Truncated.

DecodeFeedback is used by DecodingLayer layers to provide decoding metadata.

var NilDecodeFeedback DecodeFeedback = nilDecodeFeedback{}

NilDecodeFeedback implements DecodeFeedback by doing nothing.

type DecodeFunc Uses

type DecodeFunc func([]byte, PacketBuilder) error

DecodeFunc wraps a function to make it a Decoder.

func (DecodeFunc) Decode Uses

func (d DecodeFunc) Decode(data []byte, p PacketBuilder) error

Decode implements Decoder by calling itself.

type DecodeOptions Uses

type DecodeOptions struct {
    // Lazy decoding decodes the minimum number of layers needed to return data
    // for a packet at each function call.  Be careful using this with concurrent
    // packet processors, as each call to packet.* could mutate the packet, and
    // two concurrent function calls could interact poorly.
    Lazy bool
    // NoCopy decoding doesn't copy its input buffer into storage that's owned by
    // the packet.  If you can guarantee that the bytes underlying the slice
    // passed into NewPacket aren't going to be modified, this can be faster.  If
    // there's any chance that those bytes WILL be changed, this will invalidate
    // your packets.
    NoCopy bool
    // SkipDecodeRecovery skips over panic recovery during packet decoding.
    // Normally, when packets decode, if a panic occurs, that panic is captured
    // by a recover(), and a DecodeFailure layer is added to the packet detailing
    // the issue.  If this flag is set, panics are instead allowed to continue up
    // the stack.
    SkipDecodeRecovery bool
    // DecodeStreamsAsDatagrams enables routing of application-level layers in the TCP
    // decoder. If true, we should try to decode layers after TCP in single packets.
    // This is disabled by default because the reassembly package drives the decoding
    // of TCP payload data after reassembly.
    DecodeStreamsAsDatagrams bool

DecodeOptions tells gopacket how to decode a packet.

type Decoder Uses

type Decoder interface {
    // Decode decodes the bytes of a packet, sending decoded values and other
    // information to PacketBuilder, and returning an error if unsuccessful.  See
    // the PacketBuilder documentation for more details.
    Decode([]byte, PacketBuilder) error

Decoder is an interface for logic to decode a packet layer. Users may implement a Decoder to handle their own strange packet types, or may use one of the many decoders available in the 'layers' subpackage to decode things for them.

var DecodeFragment Decoder = DecodeFunc(decodeFragment)

DecodeFragment is a Decoder that returns a Fragment layer containing all remaining bytes.

var DecodePayload Decoder = DecodeFunc(decodePayload)

DecodePayload is a Decoder that returns a Payload layer containing all remaining bytes.

var DecodeUnknown Decoder = DecodeFunc(decodeUnknown)

DecodeUnknown is a Decoder that returns an Unknown layer containing all remaining bytes, useful if you run up against a layer that you're unable to decode yet. This layer is considered an ErrorLayer.

type DecodingLayer Uses

type DecodingLayer interface {
    // DecodeFromBytes resets the internal state of this layer to the state
    // defined by the passed-in bytes.  Slices in the DecodingLayer may
    // reference the passed-in data, so care should be taken to copy it
    // first should later modification of data be required before the
    // DecodingLayer is discarded.
    DecodeFromBytes(data []byte, df DecodeFeedback) error
    // CanDecode returns the set of LayerTypes this DecodingLayer can
    // decode.  For Layers that are also DecodingLayers, this will most
    // often be that Layer's LayerType().
    CanDecode() LayerClass
    // NextLayerType returns the LayerType which should be used to decode
    // the LayerPayload.
    NextLayerType() LayerType
    // LayerPayload is the set of bytes remaining to decode after a call to
    // DecodeFromBytes.
    LayerPayload() []byte

DecodingLayer is an interface for packet layers that can decode themselves.

The important part of DecodingLayer is that they decode themselves in-place. Calling DecodeFromBytes on a DecodingLayer totally resets the entire layer to the new state defined by the data passed in. A returned error leaves the DecodingLayer in an unknown intermediate state, thus its fields should not be trusted.

Because the DecodingLayer is resetting its own fields, a call to DecodeFromBytes should normally not require any memory allocation.

type DecodingLayerArray Uses

type DecodingLayerArray []decodingLayerElem

DecodingLayerArray is an array-based implementation of DecodingLayerContainer. Each DecodingLayer is searched linearly in an allocated slice in one-by-one fashion.

func (DecodingLayerArray) Decoder Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerArray) Decoder(typ LayerType) (DecodingLayer, bool)

Decoder implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

func (DecodingLayerArray) LayersDecoder Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerArray) LayersDecoder(first LayerType, df DecodeFeedback) DecodingLayerFunc

LayersDecoder implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

func (DecodingLayerArray) Put Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerArray) Put(d DecodingLayer) DecodingLayerContainer

Put implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

type DecodingLayerContainer Uses

type DecodingLayerContainer interface {
    // Put adds new DecodingLayer to container. The new instance of
    // the same DecodingLayerContainer is returned so it may be
    // implemented as a value receiver.
    Put(DecodingLayer) DecodingLayerContainer
    // Decoder returns DecodingLayer to decode given LayerType and
    // true if it was found. If no decoder found, return false.
    Decoder(LayerType) (DecodingLayer, bool)
    // LayersDecoder returns DecodingLayerFunc which decodes given
    // packet, starting with specified LayerType and DecodeFeedback.
    LayersDecoder(first LayerType, df DecodeFeedback) DecodingLayerFunc

DecodingLayerContainer stores all DecodingLayer-s and serves as a searching tool for DecodingLayerParser.

type DecodingLayerFunc Uses

type DecodingLayerFunc func([]byte, *[]LayerType) (LayerType, error)

DecodingLayerFunc decodes given packet and stores decoded LayerType values into specified slice. Returns either first encountered unsupported LayerType value or decoding error. In case of success, returns (LayerTypeZero, nil).

func LayersDecoder Uses

func LayersDecoder(dl DecodingLayerContainer, first LayerType, df DecodeFeedback) DecodingLayerFunc

LayersDecoder returns DecodingLayerFunc for specified DecodingLayerContainer, LayerType value to start decoding with and some DecodeFeedback.

type DecodingLayerMap Uses

type DecodingLayerMap map[LayerType]DecodingLayer

DecodingLayerMap is an map-based implementation of DecodingLayerContainer. Each DecodingLayer is searched in a map hashed by LayerType value.

func (DecodingLayerMap) Decoder Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerMap) Decoder(typ LayerType) (DecodingLayer, bool)

Decoder implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

func (DecodingLayerMap) LayersDecoder Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerMap) LayersDecoder(first LayerType, df DecodeFeedback) DecodingLayerFunc

LayersDecoder implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

func (DecodingLayerMap) Put Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerMap) Put(d DecodingLayer) DecodingLayerContainer

Put implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

type DecodingLayerParser Uses

type DecodingLayerParser struct {
    // DecodingLayerParserOptions is the set of options available to the
    // user to define the parser's behavior.

    // Truncated is set when a decode layer detects that the packet has been
    // truncated.
    Truncated bool
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

DecodingLayerParser parses a given set of layer types. See DecodeLayers for more information on how DecodingLayerParser should be used.

func NewDecodingLayerParser Uses

func NewDecodingLayerParser(first LayerType, decoders ...DecodingLayer) *DecodingLayerParser

NewDecodingLayerParser creates a new DecodingLayerParser and adds in all of the given DecodingLayers with AddDecodingLayer.

Each call to DecodeLayers will attempt to decode the given bytes first by treating them as a 'first'-type layer, then by using NextLayerType on subsequently decoded layers to find the next relevant decoder. Should a deoder not be available for the layer type returned by NextLayerType, decoding will stop.

NewDecodingLayerParser uses DecodingLayerMap container by default.

func (*DecodingLayerParser) AddDecodingLayer Uses

func (l *DecodingLayerParser) AddDecodingLayer(d DecodingLayer)

AddDecodingLayer adds a decoding layer to the parser. This adds support for the decoding layer's CanDecode layers to the parser... should they be encountered, they'll be parsed.

func (*DecodingLayerParser) DecodeLayers Uses

func (l *DecodingLayerParser) DecodeLayers(data []byte, decoded *[]LayerType) (err error)

DecodeLayers decodes as many layers as possible from the given data. It initially treats the data as layer type 'typ', then uses NextLayerType on each subsequent decoded layer until it gets to a layer type it doesn't know how to parse.

For each layer successfully decoded, DecodeLayers appends the layer type to the decoded slice. DecodeLayers truncates the 'decoded' slice initially, so there's no need to empty it yourself.

This decoding method is about an order of magnitude faster than packet decoding, because it only decodes known layers that have already been allocated. This means it doesn't need to allocate each layer it returns... instead it overwrites the layers that already exist.

Example usage:

func main() {
  var eth layers.Ethernet
  var ip4 layers.IPv4
  var ip6 layers.IPv6
  var tcp layers.TCP
  var udp layers.UDP
  var payload gopacket.Payload
  parser := gopacket.NewDecodingLayerParser(layers.LayerTypeEthernet, &eth, &ip4, &ip6, &tcp, &udp, &payload)
  var source gopacket.PacketDataSource = getMyDataSource()
  decodedLayers := make([]gopacket.LayerType, 0, 10)
  for {
    data, _, err := source.ReadPacketData()
    if err != nil {
      fmt.Println("Error reading packet data: ", err)
    fmt.Println("Decoding packet")
    err = parser.DecodeLayers(data, &decodedLayers)
    for _, typ := range decodedLayers {
      fmt.Println("  Successfully decoded layer type", typ)
      switch typ {
        case layers.LayerTypeEthernet:
          fmt.Println("    Eth ", eth.SrcMAC, eth.DstMAC)
        case layers.LayerTypeIPv4:
          fmt.Println("    IP4 ", ip4.SrcIP, ip4.DstIP)
        case layers.LayerTypeIPv6:
          fmt.Println("    IP6 ", ip6.SrcIP, ip6.DstIP)
        case layers.LayerTypeTCP:
          fmt.Println("    TCP ", tcp.SrcPort, tcp.DstPort)
        case layers.LayerTypeUDP:
          fmt.Println("    UDP ", udp.SrcPort, udp.DstPort)
    if decodedLayers.Truncated {
      fmt.Println("  Packet has been truncated")
    if err != nil {
      fmt.Println("  Error encountered:", err)

If DecodeLayers is unable to decode the next layer type, it will return the error UnsupportedLayerType.

func (*DecodingLayerParser) SetDecodingLayerContainer Uses

func (l *DecodingLayerParser) SetDecodingLayerContainer(dlc DecodingLayerContainer)

SetDecodingLayerContainer specifies container with decoders. This call replaces all decoders already registered in given instance of DecodingLayerParser.

func (*DecodingLayerParser) SetTruncated Uses

func (l *DecodingLayerParser) SetTruncated()

SetTruncated is used by DecodingLayers to set the Truncated boolean in the DecodingLayerParser. Users should simply read Truncated after calling DecodeLayers.

type DecodingLayerParserOptions Uses

type DecodingLayerParserOptions struct {
    // IgnorePanic determines whether a DecodingLayerParser should stop
    // panics on its own (by returning them as an error from DecodeLayers)
    // or should allow them to raise up the stack.  Handling errors does add
    // latency to the process of decoding layers, but is much safer for
    // callers.  IgnorePanic defaults to false, thus if the caller does
    // nothing decode panics will be returned as errors.
    IgnorePanic bool
    // IgnoreUnsupported will stop parsing and return a nil error when it
    // encounters a layer it doesn't have a parser for, instead of returning an
    // UnsupportedLayerType error.  If this is true, it's up to the caller to make
    // sure that all expected layers have been parsed (by checking the decoded
    // slice).
    IgnoreUnsupported bool

DecodingLayerParserOptions provides options to affect the behavior of a given DecodingLayerParser.

type DecodingLayerSparse Uses

type DecodingLayerSparse []DecodingLayer

DecodingLayerSparse is a sparse array-based implementation of DecodingLayerContainer. Each DecodingLayer is addressed in an allocated slice by LayerType value itself. Though this is the fastest container it may be memory-consuming if used with big LayerType values.

func (DecodingLayerSparse) Decoder Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerSparse) Decoder(typ LayerType) (DecodingLayer, bool)

Decoder implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

func (DecodingLayerSparse) LayersDecoder Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerSparse) LayersDecoder(first LayerType, df DecodeFeedback) DecodingLayerFunc

LayersDecoder implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

func (DecodingLayerSparse) Put Uses

func (dl DecodingLayerSparse) Put(d DecodingLayer) DecodingLayerContainer

Put implements DecodingLayerContainer interface.

type Dumper Uses

type Dumper interface {
    Dump() string

Dumper dumps verbose information on a value. If a layer type implements Dumper, then its LayerDump() string will include the results in its output.

type Endpoint Uses

type Endpoint struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

Endpoint is the set of bytes used to address packets at various layers. See LinkLayer, NetworkLayer, and TransportLayer specifications. Endpoints are usable as map keys.

func NewEndpoint Uses

func NewEndpoint(typ EndpointType, raw []byte) (e Endpoint)

NewEndpoint creates a new Endpoint object.

The size of raw must be less than MaxEndpointSize, otherwise this function will panic.

func (Endpoint) EndpointType Uses

func (a Endpoint) EndpointType() EndpointType

EndpointType returns the endpoint type associated with this endpoint.

func (Endpoint) FastHash Uses

func (a Endpoint) FastHash() (h uint64)

FastHash provides a quick hashing function for an endpoint, useful if you'd like to split up endpoints by modulos or other load-balancing techniques. It uses a variant of Fowler-Noll-Vo hashing.

The output of FastHash is not guaranteed to remain the same through future code revisions, so should not be used to key values in persistent storage.

func (Endpoint) LessThan Uses

func (a Endpoint) LessThan(b Endpoint) bool

LessThan provides a stable ordering for all endpoints. It sorts first based on the EndpointType of an endpoint, then based on the raw bytes of that endpoint.

For some endpoints, the actual comparison may not make sense, however this ordering does provide useful information for most Endpoint types. Ordering is based first on endpoint type, then on raw endpoint bytes. Endpoint bytes are sorted lexicographically.

func (Endpoint) Raw Uses

func (a Endpoint) Raw() []byte

Raw returns the raw bytes of this endpoint. These aren't human-readable most of the time, but they are faster than calling String.

func (Endpoint) String Uses

func (a Endpoint) String() string

type EndpointType Uses

type EndpointType int64

EndpointType is the type of a gopacket Endpoint. This type determines how the bytes stored in the endpoint should be interpreted.

func RegisterEndpointType Uses

func RegisterEndpointType(num int, meta EndpointTypeMetadata) EndpointType

RegisterEndpointType creates a new EndpointType and registers it globally. It MUST be passed a unique number, or it will panic. Numbers 0-999 are reserved for gopacket's use.

func (EndpointType) String Uses

func (e EndpointType) String() string

type EndpointTypeMetadata Uses

type EndpointTypeMetadata struct {
    // Name is the string returned by an EndpointType's String function.
    Name string
    // Formatter is called from an Endpoint's String function to format the raw
    // bytes in an Endpoint into a human-readable string.
    Formatter func([]byte) string

EndpointTypeMetadata is used to register a new endpoint type.

type ErrorLayer Uses

type ErrorLayer interface {
    Error() error

ErrorLayer is a packet layer created when decoding of the packet has failed. Its payload is all the bytes that we were unable to decode, and the returned error details why the decoding failed.

type Flow Uses

type Flow struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

Flow represents the direction of traffic for a packet layer, as a source and destination Endpoint. Flows are usable as map keys.

func FlowFromEndpoints Uses

func FlowFromEndpoints(src, dst Endpoint) (_ Flow, err error)

FlowFromEndpoints creates a new flow by pasting together two endpoints. The endpoints must have the same EndpointType, or this function will return an error.

func NewFlow Uses

func NewFlow(t EndpointType, src, dst []byte) (f Flow)

NewFlow creates a new flow.

src and dst must have length <= MaxEndpointSize, otherwise NewFlow will panic.

func (Flow) Dst Uses

func (f Flow) Dst() (dst Endpoint)

Dst returns the destination Endpoint for this flow.

func (Flow) EndpointType Uses

func (f Flow) EndpointType() EndpointType

EndpointType returns the EndpointType for this Flow.

func (Flow) Endpoints Uses

func (f Flow) Endpoints() (src, dst Endpoint)

Endpoints returns the two Endpoints for this flow.

func (Flow) FastHash Uses

func (f Flow) FastHash() (h uint64)

FastHash provides a quick hashing function for a flow, useful if you'd like to split up flows by modulos or other load-balancing techniques. It uses a variant of Fowler-Noll-Vo hashing, and is guaranteed to collide with its reverse flow. IE: the flow A->B will have the same hash as the flow B->A.

The output of FastHash is not guaranteed to remain the same through future code revisions, so should not be used to key values in persistent storage.

func (Flow) Reverse Uses

func (f Flow) Reverse() Flow

Reverse returns a new flow with endpoints reversed.

func (Flow) Src Uses

func (f Flow) Src() (src Endpoint)

Src returns the source Endpoint for this flow.

func (Flow) String Uses

func (f Flow) String() string

String returns a human-readable representation of this flow, in the form "Src->Dst"

type Fragment Uses

type Fragment []byte

Fragment is a Layer containing a fragment of a larger frame, used by layers like IPv4 and IPv6 that allow for fragmentation of their payloads.

func (*Fragment) CanDecode Uses

func (p *Fragment) CanDecode() LayerClass

CanDecode implements DecodingLayer.

func (*Fragment) DecodeFromBytes Uses

func (p *Fragment) DecodeFromBytes(data []byte, df DecodeFeedback) error

DecodeFromBytes implements DecodingLayer.

func (*Fragment) LayerContents Uses

func (p *Fragment) LayerContents() []byte

LayerContents implements Layer.

func (*Fragment) LayerPayload Uses

func (p *Fragment) LayerPayload() []byte

LayerPayload implements Layer.

func (*Fragment) LayerType Uses

func (p *Fragment) LayerType() LayerType

LayerType returns LayerTypeFragment

func (*Fragment) NextLayerType Uses

func (p *Fragment) NextLayerType() LayerType

NextLayerType implements DecodingLayer.

func (*Fragment) Payload Uses

func (p *Fragment) Payload() []byte

Payload returns this layer as a byte slice.

func (*Fragment) SerializeTo Uses

func (p *Fragment) SerializeTo(b SerializeBuffer, opts SerializeOptions) error

SerializeTo writes the serialized form of this layer into the SerializationBuffer, implementing gopacket.SerializableLayer. See the docs for gopacket.SerializableLayer for more info.

func (*Fragment) String Uses

func (p *Fragment) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.

type Layer Uses

type Layer interface {
    // LayerType is the gopacket type for this layer.
    LayerType() LayerType
    // LayerContents returns the set of bytes that make up this layer.
    LayerContents() []byte
    // LayerPayload returns the set of bytes contained within this layer, not
    // including the layer itself.
    LayerPayload() []byte

Layer represents a single decoded packet layer (using either the OSI or TCP/IP definition of a layer). When decoding, a packet's data is broken up into a number of layers. The caller may call LayerType() to figure out which type of layer they've received from the packet. Optionally, they may then use a type assertion to get the actual layer type for deep inspection of the data.

type LayerClass Uses

type LayerClass interface {
    // Contains returns true if the given layer type should be considered part
    // of this layer class.
    Contains(LayerType) bool
    // LayerTypes returns the set of all layer types in this layer class.
    // Note that this may not be a fast operation on all LayerClass
    // implementations.
    LayerTypes() []LayerType

LayerClass is a set of LayerTypes, used for grabbing one of a number of different types from a packet.

func NewLayerClass Uses

func NewLayerClass(types []LayerType) LayerClass

NewLayerClass creates a LayerClass, attempting to be smart about which type it creates based on which types are passed in.

type LayerClassMap Uses

type LayerClassMap map[LayerType]bool

LayerClassMap implements a LayerClass with a map.

func NewLayerClassMap Uses

func NewLayerClassMap(types []LayerType) LayerClassMap

NewLayerClassMap creates a LayerClassMap and sets map[t] to true for each type in types.

func (LayerClassMap) Contains Uses

func (m LayerClassMap) Contains(t LayerType) bool

Contains returns true if the given layer type should be considered part of this layer class.

func (LayerClassMap) LayerTypes Uses

func (m LayerClassMap) LayerTypes() (all []LayerType)

LayerTypes returns all layer types in this LayerClassMap.

type LayerClassSlice Uses

type LayerClassSlice []bool

LayerClassSlice implements a LayerClass with a slice.

func NewLayerClassSlice Uses

func NewLayerClassSlice(types []LayerType) LayerClassSlice

NewLayerClassSlice creates a new LayerClassSlice by creating a slice of size max(types) and setting slice[t] to true for each type t. Note, if you implement your own LayerType and give it a high value, this WILL create a very large slice.

func (LayerClassSlice) Contains Uses

func (s LayerClassSlice) Contains(t LayerType) bool

Contains returns true if the given layer type should be considered part of this layer class.

func (LayerClassSlice) LayerTypes Uses

func (s LayerClassSlice) LayerTypes() (all []LayerType)

LayerTypes returns all layer types in this LayerClassSlice. Because of LayerClassSlice's implementation, this could be quite slow.

type LayerType Uses

type LayerType int64

LayerType is a unique identifier for each type of layer. This enumeration does not match with any externally available numbering scheme... it's solely usable/useful within this library as a means for requesting layer types (see Packet.Layer) and determining which types of layers have been decoded.

New LayerTypes may be created by calling gopacket.RegisterLayerType.

func OverrideLayerType Uses

func OverrideLayerType(num int, meta LayerTypeMetadata) LayerType

OverrideLayerType acts like RegisterLayerType, except that if the layer type has already been registered, it overrides the metadata with the passed-in metadata intead of panicing.

func RegisterLayerType Uses

func RegisterLayerType(num int, meta LayerTypeMetadata) LayerType

RegisterLayerType creates a new layer type and registers it globally. The number passed in must be unique, or a runtime panic will occur. Numbers 0-999 are reserved for the gopacket library. Numbers 1000-1999 should be used for common application-specific types, and are very fast. Any other number (negative or >= 2000) may be used for uncommon application-specific types, and are somewhat slower (they require a map lookup over an array index).

func (LayerType) Contains Uses

func (l LayerType) Contains(a LayerType) bool

Contains implements LayerClass.

func (LayerType) Decode Uses

func (t LayerType) Decode(data []byte, c PacketBuilder) error

Decode decodes the given data using the decoder registered with the layer type.

func (LayerType) LayerTypes Uses

func (l LayerType) LayerTypes() []LayerType

LayerTypes implements LayerClass.

func (LayerType) String Uses

func (t LayerType) String() (s string)

String returns the string associated with this layer type.

type LayerTypeMetadata Uses

type LayerTypeMetadata struct {
    // Name is the string returned by each layer type's String method.
    Name string
    // Decoder is the decoder to use when the layer type is passed in as a
    // Decoder.
    Decoder Decoder

LayerTypeMetadata contains metadata associated with each LayerType.

type LinkLayer Uses

type LinkLayer interface {
    LinkFlow() Flow

LinkLayer is the packet layer corresponding to TCP/IP layer 1 (OSI layer 2)

type NetworkLayer Uses

type NetworkLayer interface {
    NetworkFlow() Flow

NetworkLayer is the packet layer corresponding to TCP/IP layer 2 (OSI layer 3)

type Packet Uses

type Packet interface {
    //// Functions for outputting the packet as a human-readable string:
    //// ------------------------------------------------------------------
    // String returns a human-readable string representation of the packet.
    // It uses LayerString on each layer to output the layer.
    String() string
    // Dump returns a verbose human-readable string representation of the packet,
    // including a hex dump of all layers.  It uses LayerDump on each layer to
    // output the layer.
    Dump() string

    //// Functions for accessing arbitrary packet layers:
    //// ------------------------------------------------------------------
    // Layers returns all layers in this packet, computing them as necessary
    Layers() []Layer
    // Layer returns the first layer in this packet of the given type, or nil
    Layer(LayerType) Layer
    // LayerClass returns the first layer in this packet of the given class,
    // or nil.
    LayerClass(LayerClass) Layer

    //// Functions for accessing specific types of packet layers.  These functions
    //// return the first layer of each type found within the packet.
    //// ------------------------------------------------------------------
    // LinkLayer returns the first link layer in the packet
    LinkLayer() LinkLayer
    // NetworkLayer returns the first network layer in the packet
    NetworkLayer() NetworkLayer
    // TransportLayer returns the first transport layer in the packet
    TransportLayer() TransportLayer
    // ApplicationLayer returns the first application layer in the packet
    ApplicationLayer() ApplicationLayer
    // ErrorLayer is particularly useful, since it returns nil if the packet
    // was fully decoded successfully, and non-nil if an error was encountered
    // in decoding and the packet was only partially decoded.  Thus, its output
    // can be used to determine if the entire packet was able to be decoded.
    ErrorLayer() ErrorLayer

    //// Functions for accessing data specific to the packet:
    //// ------------------------------------------------------------------
    // Data returns the set of bytes that make up this entire packet.
    Data() []byte
    // Metadata returns packet metadata associated with this packet.
    Metadata() *PacketMetadata

Packet is the primary object used by gopacket. Packets are created by a Decoder's Decode call. A packet is made up of a set of Data, which is broken into a number of Layers as it is decoded.

func NewPacket Uses

func NewPacket(data []byte, firstLayerDecoder Decoder, options DecodeOptions) Packet

NewPacket creates a new Packet object from a set of bytes. The firstLayerDecoder tells it how to interpret the first layer from the bytes, future layers will be generated from that first layer automatically.

type PacketBuilder Uses

type PacketBuilder interface {
    // AddLayer should be called by a decoder immediately upon successful
    // decoding of a layer.
    AddLayer(l Layer)
    // The following functions set the various specific layers in the final
    // packet.  Note that if many layers call SetX, the first call is kept and all
    // other calls are ignored.
    // NextDecoder should be called by a decoder when they're done decoding a
    // packet layer but not done with decoding the entire packet.  The next
    // decoder will be called to decode the last AddLayer's LayerPayload.
    // Because of this, NextDecoder must only be called once all other
    // PacketBuilder calls have been made.  Set*Layer and AddLayer calls after
    // NextDecoder calls will behave incorrectly.
    NextDecoder(next Decoder) error
    // DumpPacketData is used solely for decoding.  If you come across an error
    // you need to diagnose while processing a packet, call this and your packet's
    // data will be dumped to stderr so you can create a test.  This should never
    // be called from a production decoder.
    // DecodeOptions returns the decode options
    DecodeOptions() *DecodeOptions

PacketBuilder is used by layer decoders to store the layers they've decoded, and to defer future decoding via NextDecoder. Typically, the pattern for use is:

func (m *myDecoder) Decode(data []byte, p PacketBuilder) error {
  if myLayer, err := myDecodingLogic(data); err != nil {
    return err
  } else {
  // maybe do this, if myLayer is a LinkLayer
  return p.NextDecoder(nextDecoder)

type PacketDataSource Uses

type PacketDataSource interface {
    // ReadPacketData returns the next packet available from this data source.
    // It returns:
    //  data:  The bytes of an individual packet.
    //  ci:  Metadata about the capture
    //  err:  An error encountered while reading packet data.  If err != nil,
    //    then data/ci will be ignored.
    ReadPacketData() (data []byte, ci CaptureInfo, err error)

PacketDataSource is an interface for some source of packet data. Users may create their own implementations, or use the existing implementations in gopacket/pcap (libpcap, allows reading from live interfaces or from pcap files) or gopacket/pfring (PF_RING, allows reading from live interfaces).

func ConcatFinitePacketDataSources Uses

func ConcatFinitePacketDataSources(pds ...PacketDataSource) PacketDataSource

ConcatFinitePacketDataSources returns a PacketDataSource that wraps a set of internal PacketDataSources, each of which will stop with io.EOF after reading a finite number of packets. The returned PacketDataSource will return all packets from the first finite source, followed by all packets from the second, etc. Once all finite sources have returned io.EOF, the returned source will as well.

type PacketMetadata Uses

type PacketMetadata struct {
    // Truncated is true if packet decoding logic detects that there are fewer
    // bytes in the packet than are detailed in various headers (for example, if
    // the number of bytes in the IPv4 contents/payload is less than IPv4.Length).
    // This is also set automatically for packets captured off the wire if
    // CaptureInfo.CaptureLength < CaptureInfo.Length.
    Truncated bool

PacketMetadata contains metadata for a packet.

type PacketSource Uses

type PacketSource struct {

    // DecodeOptions is the set of options to use for decoding each piece
    // of packet data.  This can/should be changed by the user to reflect the
    // way packets should be decoded.
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

PacketSource reads in packets from a PacketDataSource, decodes them, and returns them.

There are currently two different methods for reading packets in through a PacketSource:

Reading With Packets Function

This method is the most convenient and easiest to code, but lacks flexibility. Packets returns a 'chan Packet', then asynchronously writes packets into that channel. Packets uses a blocking channel, and closes it if an io.EOF is returned by the underlying PacketDataSource. All other PacketDataSource errors are ignored and discarded.

for packet := range packetSource.Packets() {

Reading With NextPacket Function

This method is the most flexible, and exposes errors that may be encountered by the underlying PacketDataSource. It's also the fastest in a tight loop, since it doesn't have the overhead of a channel read/write. However, it requires the user to handle errors, most importantly the io.EOF error in cases where packets are being read from a file.

for {
  packet, err := packetSource.NextPacket()
  if err == io.EOF {
  } else if err != nil {
    log.Println("Error:", err)
  handlePacket(packet)  // Do something with each packet.

func NewPacketSource Uses

func NewPacketSource(source PacketDataSource, decoder Decoder) *PacketSource

NewPacketSource creates a packet data source.

func (*PacketSource) NextPacket Uses

func (p *PacketSource) NextPacket() (Packet, error)

NextPacket returns the next decoded packet from the PacketSource. On error, it returns a nil packet and a non-nil error.

func (*PacketSource) Packets Uses

func (p *PacketSource) Packets() chan Packet

Packets returns a channel of packets, allowing easy iterating over packets. Packets will be asynchronously read in from the underlying PacketDataSource and written to the returned channel. If the underlying PacketDataSource returns an io.EOF error, the channel will be closed. If any other error is encountered, it is ignored.

for packet := range packetSource.Packets() {
  handlePacket(packet)  // Do something with each packet.

If called more than once, returns the same channel.

type PacketSourceResolution Uses

type PacketSourceResolution interface {
    // Resolution returns the timestamp resolution of acquired timestamps before scaling to NanosecondTimestampResolution.
    Resolution() TimestampResolution

PacketSourceResolution is an interface for packet data sources that support reporting the timestamp resolution of the aqcuired timestamps. Returned timestamps will always have NanosecondTimestampResolution due to the use of time.Time, but scaling might have occured if acquired timestamps have a different resolution.

type Payload Uses

type Payload []byte

Payload is a Layer containing the payload of a packet. The definition of what constitutes the payload of a packet depends on previous layers; for TCP and UDP, we stop decoding above layer 4 and return the remaining bytes as a Payload. Payload is an ApplicationLayer.

func (Payload) CanDecode Uses

func (p Payload) CanDecode() LayerClass

CanDecode implements DecodingLayer.

func (*Payload) DecodeFromBytes Uses

func (p *Payload) DecodeFromBytes(data []byte, df DecodeFeedback) error

DecodeFromBytes implements DecodingLayer.

func (Payload) GoString Uses

func (p Payload) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.

func (Payload) LayerContents Uses

func (p Payload) LayerContents() []byte

LayerContents returns the bytes making up this layer.

func (Payload) LayerPayload Uses

func (p Payload) LayerPayload() []byte

LayerPayload returns the payload within this layer.

func (Payload) LayerType Uses

func (p Payload) LayerType() LayerType

LayerType returns LayerTypePayload

func (Payload) NextLayerType Uses

func (p Payload) NextLayerType() LayerType

NextLayerType implements DecodingLayer.

func (Payload) Payload Uses

func (p Payload) Payload() []byte

Payload returns this layer as bytes.

func (Payload) SerializeTo Uses

func (p Payload) SerializeTo(b SerializeBuffer, opts SerializeOptions) error

SerializeTo writes the serialized form of this layer into the SerializationBuffer, implementing gopacket.SerializableLayer. See the docs for gopacket.SerializableLayer for more info.

func (Payload) String Uses

func (p Payload) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.

type SerializableLayer Uses

type SerializableLayer interface {
    // SerializeTo writes this layer to a slice, growing that slice if necessary
    // to make it fit the layer's data.
    //  Args:
    //   b:  SerializeBuffer to write this layer on to.  When called, b.Bytes()
    //     is the payload this layer should wrap, if any.  Note that this
    //     layer can either prepend itself (common), append itself
    //     (uncommon), or both (sometimes padding or footers are required at
    //     the end of packet data). It's also possible (though probably very
    //     rarely needed) to overwrite any bytes in the current payload.
    //     After this call, b.Bytes() should return the byte encoding of
    //     this layer wrapping the original b.Bytes() payload.
    //   opts:  options to use while writing out data.
    //  Returns:
    //   error if a problem was encountered during encoding.  If an error is
    //   returned, the bytes in data should be considered invalidated, and
    //   not used.
    // SerializeTo calls SHOULD entirely ignore LayerContents and
    // LayerPayload.  It just serializes based on struct fields, neither
    // modifying nor using contents/payload.
    SerializeTo(b SerializeBuffer, opts SerializeOptions) error
    // LayerType returns the type of the layer that is being serialized to the buffer
    LayerType() LayerType

SerializableLayer allows its implementations to be written out as a set of bytes, so those bytes may be sent on the wire or otherwise used by the caller. SerializableLayer is implemented by certain Layer types, and can be encoded to bytes using the LayerWriter object.

type SerializeBuffer Uses

type SerializeBuffer interface {
    // Bytes returns the contiguous set of bytes collected so far by Prepend/Append
    // calls.  The slice returned by Bytes will be modified by future Clear calls,
    // so if you're planning on clearing this SerializeBuffer, you may want to copy
    // Bytes somewhere safe first.
    Bytes() []byte
    // PrependBytes returns a set of bytes which prepends the current bytes in this
    // buffer.  These bytes start in an indeterminate state, so they should be
    // overwritten by the caller.  The caller must only call PrependBytes if they
    // know they're going to immediately overwrite all bytes returned.
    PrependBytes(num int) ([]byte, error)
    // AppendBytes returns a set of bytes which appends the current bytes in this
    // buffer.  These bytes start in an indeterminate state, so they should be
    // overwritten by the caller.  The caller must only call AppendBytes if they
    // know they're going to immediately overwrite all bytes returned.
    AppendBytes(num int) ([]byte, error)
    // Clear resets the SerializeBuffer to a new, empty buffer.  After a call to clear,
    // the byte slice returned by any previous call to Bytes() for this buffer
    // should be considered invalidated.
    Clear() error
    // Layers returns all the Layers that have been successfully serialized into this buffer
    // already.
    Layers() []LayerType
    // PushLayer adds the current Layer to the list of Layers that have been serialized
    // into this buffer.

SerializeBuffer is a helper used by gopacket for writing out packet layers. SerializeBuffer starts off as an empty []byte. Subsequent calls to PrependBytes return byte slices before the current Bytes(), AppendBytes returns byte slices after.

Byte slices returned by PrependBytes/AppendBytes are NOT zero'd out, so if you want to make sure they're all zeros, set them as such.

SerializeBuffer is specifically designed to handle packet writing, where unlike with normal writes it's easier to start writing at the inner-most layer and work out, meaning that we often need to prepend bytes. This runs counter to typical writes to byte slices using append(), where we only write at the end of the buffer.

It can be reused via Clear. Note, however, that a Clear call will invalidate the byte slices returned by any previous Bytes() call (the same buffer is reused).

1) Reusing a write buffer is generally much faster than creating a new one,
   and with the default implementation it avoids additional memory allocations.
2) If a byte slice from a previous Bytes() call will continue to be used,
   it's better to create a new SerializeBuffer.

The Clear method is specifically designed to minimize memory allocations for similar later workloads on the SerializeBuffer. IE: if you make a set of Prepend/Append calls, then clear, then make the same calls with the same sizes, the second round (and all future similar rounds) shouldn't allocate any new memory.


b := NewSerializeBuffer()
fmt.Println("1:", b.Bytes())
bytes, _ := b.PrependBytes(3)
copy(bytes, []byte{1, 2, 3})
fmt.Println("2:", b.Bytes())
bytes, _ = b.AppendBytes(2)
copy(bytes, []byte{4, 5})
fmt.Println("3:", b.Bytes())
bytes, _ = b.PrependBytes(1)
copy(bytes, []byte{0})
fmt.Println("4:", b.Bytes())
bytes, _ = b.AppendBytes(3)
copy(bytes, []byte{6, 7, 8})
fmt.Println("5:", b.Bytes())
fmt.Println("6:", b.Bytes())
bytes, _ = b.PrependBytes(2)
copy(bytes, []byte{9, 9})
fmt.Println("7:", b.Bytes())


1: []
2: [1 2 3]
3: [1 2 3 4 5]
4: [0 1 2 3 4 5]
5: [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8]
6: []
7: [9 9]

func NewSerializeBuffer Uses

func NewSerializeBuffer() SerializeBuffer

NewSerializeBuffer creates a new instance of the default implementation of the SerializeBuffer interface.

func NewSerializeBufferExpectedSize Uses

func NewSerializeBufferExpectedSize(expectedPrependLength, expectedAppendLength int) SerializeBuffer

NewSerializeBufferExpectedSize creates a new buffer for serialization, optimized for an expected number of bytes prepended/appended. This tends to decrease the number of memory allocations made by the buffer during writes.

type SerializeOptions Uses

type SerializeOptions struct {
    // FixLengths determines whether, during serialization, layers should fix
    // the values for any length field that depends on the payload.
    FixLengths bool
    // ComputeChecksums determines whether, during serialization, layers
    // should recompute checksums based on their payloads.
    ComputeChecksums bool

SerializeOptions provides options for behaviors that SerializableLayers may want to implement.

type TimestampResolution Uses

type TimestampResolution struct {
    Base, Exponent int

TimestampResolution represents the resolution of timestamps in Base^Exponent.

func (TimestampResolution) String Uses

func (t TimestampResolution) String() string

func (TimestampResolution) ToDuration Uses

func (t TimestampResolution) ToDuration() time.Duration

ToDuration returns the smallest representable time difference as a time.Duration

type TransportLayer Uses

type TransportLayer interface {
    TransportFlow() Flow

TransportLayer is the packet layer corresponding to the TCP/IP layer 3 (OSI layer 4)

type UnsupportedLayerType Uses

type UnsupportedLayerType LayerType

UnsupportedLayerType is returned by DecodingLayerParser if DecodeLayers encounters a layer type that the DecodingLayerParser has no decoder for.

func (UnsupportedLayerType) Error Uses

func (e UnsupportedLayerType) Error() string

Error implements the error interface, returning a string to say that the given layer type is unsupported.

type ZeroCopyPacketDataSource Uses

type ZeroCopyPacketDataSource interface {
    // ZeroCopyReadPacketData returns the next packet available from this data source.
    // It returns:
    //  data:  The bytes of an individual packet.  Unlike with
    //    PacketDataSource's ReadPacketData, the slice returned here points
    //    to a buffer owned by the data source.  In particular, the bytes in
    //    this buffer may be changed by future calls to
    //    ZeroCopyReadPacketData.  Do not use the returned buffer after
    //    subsequent ZeroCopyReadPacketData calls.
    //  ci:  Metadata about the capture
    //  err:  An error encountered while reading packet data.  If err != nil,
    //    then data/ci will be ignored.
    ZeroCopyReadPacketData() (data []byte, ci CaptureInfo, err error)

ZeroCopyPacketDataSource is an interface to pull packet data from sources that allow data to be returned without copying to a user-controlled buffer. It's very similar to PacketDataSource, except that the caller must be more careful in how the returned buffer is handled.


afpacketPackage afpacket provides Go bindings for MMap'd AF_PACKET socket reading.
bytediffPackage bytediff provides a simple diff utility for looking at differences in byte slices.
defrag/lcmdefragPackage lcmdefrag contains a defragmenter for LCM messages.
dumpcommandPackage dumpcommand implements a run function for pfdump and pcapdump with many similar flags/features to tcpdump.
examples/afpacketafpacket provides a simple example of using afpacket with zero-copy to read packet data.
examples/arpscanarpscan implements ARP scanning of all interfaces' local networks using gopacket and its subpackages.
examples/bidirectionalThis binary provides an example of connecting up bidirectional streams from the unidirectional streams provided by gopacket/tcpassembly.
examples/bytediffThis binary shows how to display byte differences to users via the bytediff library.
examples/httpassemblyThis binary provides sample code for using the gopacket TCP assembler and TCP stream reader.
examples/pcapdumpThe pcapdump binary implements a tcpdump-like command line tool with gopacket using pcap as a backend data collection mechanism.
examples/pcaplayThe pcaplay binary load an offline capture (pcap file) and replay it on the select interface, with an emphasis on packet timing
examples/pfdumpThe pfdump binary implements a tcpdump-like command line tool with gopacket using pfring as a backend data collection mechanism.
examples/reassemblydumpThe pcapdump binary implements a tcpdump-like command line tool with gopacket using pcap as a backend data collection mechanism.
examples/snoopreadsnoopread is a example for read a snoop file using gopacket and its subpackages and output the decoded data with a package count
examples/statsassemblyThis binary provides sample code for using the gopacket TCP assembler raw, without the help of the tcpreader library.
examples/synscansynscan implements a TCP syn scanner on top of pcap.
examples/utilPackage util provides shared utilities for all gopacket examples.
ip4defragPackage ip4defrag implements a IPv4 defragmenter
layersPackage layers provides decoding layers for many common protocols.
macsPackage macs provides an in-memory mapping of all valid Ethernet MAC address prefixes to their associated organization.
pcapPackage pcap allows users of gopacket to read packets off the wire or from pcap files.
pcapgoPackage pcapgo provides some native PCAP support, not requiring C libpcap to be installed.
pcap/gopacket_benchmarkThis benchmark reads in file <tempdir>/gopacket_benchmark.pcap and measures the time it takes to decode all packets from that file.
pfringPackage pfring wraps the PF_RING C library for Go.
reassemblyPackage reassembly provides TCP stream re-assembly.
routingPackage routing provides a very basic but mostly functional implementation of a routing table for IPv4/IPv6 addresses.
tcpassemblyPackage tcpassembly provides TCP stream re-assembly.
tcpassembly/tcpreaderPackage tcpreader provides an implementation for tcpassembly.Stream which presents the caller with an io.Reader for easy processing.

Package gopacket imports 14 packages (graph) and is imported by 1298 packages. Updated 2021-01-06. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.