iris: Index | Files | Directories

package iris

import ""

Package iris provides a beautifully expressive and easy to use foundation for your next website, API, or distributed app.

Source code and other details for the project are available at GitHub:

Current Version



The only requirement is the Go Programming Language, at least version 1.8 but 1.11.1 and above is highly recommended.

$ go get -u

Example code:

package main

import ""

// User is just a bindable object structure.
type User struct {
    Username  string `json:"username"`
    Firstname string `json:"firstname"`
    Lastname  string `json:"lastname"`
    City      string `json:"city"`
    Age       int    `json:"age"`

func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    // Define templates using the std html/template engine.
    // Parse and load all files inside "./views" folder with ".html" file extension.
    // Reload the templates on each request (development mode).
    app.RegisterView(iris.HTML("./views", ".html").Reload(true))

    // Register custom handler for specific http errors.
    app.OnErrorCode(iris.StatusInternalServerError, func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // .Values are used to communicate between handlers, middleware.
        errMessage := ctx.Values().GetString("error")
        if errMessage != "" {
            ctx.Writef("Internal server error: %s", errMessage)

        ctx.Writef("(Unexpected) internal server error")

    app.Use(func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.Application().Logger().Infof("Begin request for path: %s", ctx.Path())

    // app.Done(func(ctx iris.Context) {})

    // Method POST: http://localhost:8080/decode
    app.Post("/decode", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        var user User
        ctx.Writef("%s %s is %d years old and comes from %s", user.Firstname, user.Lastname, user.Age, user.City)

    // Method GET: http://localhost:8080/encode
    app.Get("/encode", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        doe := User{
            Username:  "Johndoe",
            Firstname: "John",
            Lastname:  "Doe",
            City:      "Neither FBI knows!!!",
            Age:       25,


    // Method GET: http://localhost:8080/profile/anytypeofstring
    app.Get("/profile/{username:string}", profileByUsername)

    // Want to use a custom regex expression instead?
    // Easy: app.Get("/profile/{username:string regexp(^[a-zA-Z ]+$)}")
    // If parameter type is missing then it's string which accepts anything,
    // i.e: /{paramname} it's exactly the same as /{paramname:string}.

    usersRoutes := app.Party("/users", logThisMiddleware)
        // Method GET: http://localhost:8080/users/42
        usersRoutes.Get("/{id:uint64 min(1)}", getUserByID)
        // Method POST: http://localhost:8080/users/create
        usersRoutes.Post("/create", createUser)

    // Listen for incoming HTTP/1.x & HTTP/2 clients on localhost port 8080.
    app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithCharset("UTF-8"))

func logThisMiddleware(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.Application().Logger().Infof("Path: %s | IP: %s", ctx.Path(), ctx.RemoteAddr())

    // .Next is required to move forward to the chain of handlers,
    // if missing then it stops the execution at this handler.

func profileByUsername(ctx iris.Context) {
    // .Params are used to get dynamic path parameters.
    username := ctx.Params().Get("username")
    ctx.ViewData("Username", username)
    // renders "./views/users/profile.html"
    // with {{ .Username }} equals to the username dynamic path parameter.

func getUserByID(ctx iris.Context) {
    userID := ctx.Params().Get("id") // Or convert directly using: .Values().GetInt/GetUint64/GetInt64 etc...
    // your own db fetch here instead of user :=...
    user := User{Username: "username" + userID}


func createUser(ctx iris.Context) {
    var user User
    err := ctx.ReadForm(&user)
    if err != nil {
        ctx.Values().Set("error", "creating user, read and parse form failed. "+err.Error())
    // renders "./views/users/create_verification.html"
    // with {{ . }} equals to the User object, i.e {{ .Username }} , {{ .Firstname}} etc...
    ctx.ViewData("", user)

Listening and gracefully shutdown

You can start the server(s) listening to any type of `net.Listener` or even `http.Server` instance. The method for initialization of the server should be passed at the end, via `Run` function.

Below you'll see some useful examples:

// Listening on tcp with network address

// Same as before but using a custom http.Server which may be in use somewhere else too

// Using a custom net.Listener
l, err := net.Listen("tcp4", ":8080")
if err != nil {

// TLS using files
app.Run(iris.TLS("", "mycert.cert", "mykey.key"))

// Automatic TLS
app.Run(iris.AutoTLS(":443", "", ""))

// UNIX socket
if errOs := os.Remove(socketFile); errOs != nil && !os.IsNotExist(errOs) {

l, err := net.Listen("unix", socketFile)

if err != nil {

if err = os.Chmod(socketFile, mode); err != nil {


// Using any func() error,
// the responsibility of starting up a listener is up to you with this way,
// for the sake of simplicity we will use the
// ListenAndServe function of the `net/http` package.

UNIX and BSD hosts can take advantage of the reuse port feature.

Example code:

package main

import (
    // Package tcplisten provides customizable TCP net.Listener with various
    // performance-related options:
    //   - SO_REUSEPORT. This option allows linear scaling server performance
    //     on multi-CPU servers.
    //     See for details.
    //   - TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT. This option expects the server reads from the accepted
    //     connection before writing to them.
    //   - TCP_FASTOPEN. See for details.


// $ go get
// $ go run main.go

func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.HTML("<b>Hello World!</b>")

    listenerCfg := tcplisten.Config{
        ReusePort:   true,
        DeferAccept: true,
        FastOpen:    true,

    l, err := listenerCfg.NewListener("tcp", ":8080")
    if err != nil {


That's all with listening, you have the full control when you need it.

Let's continue by learning how to catch CONTROL+C/COMMAND+C or unix kill command and shutdown the server gracefully.

Gracefully Shutdown on CONTROL+C/COMMAND+C or when kill command sent is ENABLED BY-DEFAULT.

In order to manually manage what to do when app is interrupted, we have to disable the default behavior with the option `WithoutInterruptHandler` and register a new interrupt handler (globally, across all possible hosts).

Example code:

package main

import (
    stdContext "context"


func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    iris.RegisterOnInterrupt(func() {
        timeout := 5 * time.Second
        ctx, cancel := stdContext.WithTimeout(stdContext.Background(), timeout)
        defer cancel()
        // close all hosts

    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.HTML(" <h1>hi, I just exist in order to see if the server is closed</h1>")

    // http://localhost:8080
    app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithoutInterruptHandler)


Access to all hosts that serve your application can be provided by the `Application#Hosts` field, after the `Run` method.

But the most common scenario is that you may need access to the host before the `Run` method, there are two ways of gain access to the host supervisor, read below.

First way is to use the `app.NewHost` to create a new host and use one of its `Serve` or `Listen` functions to start the application via the `iris#Raw` Runner. Note that this way needs an extra import of the `net/http` package.

Example Code:

h := app.NewHost(&http.Server{Addr:":8080"})


Second, and probably easier way is to use the `host.Configurator`.

Note that this method requires an extra import statement of "" when using go < 1.9, if you're targeting on go1.9 then you can use the `iris#Supervisor` and omit the extra host import.

All common `Runners` we saw earlier (`iris#Addr, iris#Listener, iris#Server, iris#TLS, iris#AutoTLS`) accept a variadic argument of `host.Configurator`, there are just `func(*host.Supervisor)`. Therefore the `Application` gives you the rights to modify the auto-created host supervisor through these.

Example Code:

package main

import (
    stdContext "context"


func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.HTML("<h1>Hello, try to refresh the page after ~10 secs</h1>")

    app.Logger().Info("Wait 10 seconds and check your terminal again")
    // simulate a shutdown action here...
    go func() {
        <-time.After(10 * time.Second)
        timeout := 5 * time.Second
        ctx, cancel := stdContext.WithTimeout(stdContext.Background(), timeout)
        defer cancel()
        // close all hosts, this will notify the callback we had register
        // inside the `configureHost` func.

    // start the server as usual, the only difference is that
    // we're adding a second (optional) function
    // to configure the just-created host supervisor.
    // http://localhost:8080
    // wait 10 seconds and check your terminal.
    app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080", configureHost), iris.WithoutServerError(iris.ErrServerClosed))


func configureHost(su *host.Supervisor) {
    // here we have full access to the host that will be created
    // inside the `Run` function.
    // we register a shutdown "event" callback
    su.RegisterOnShutdown(func() {
    // su.RegisterOnError
    // su.RegisterOnServe

Read more about listening and gracefully shutdown by navigating to:


All HTTP methods are supported, developers can also register handlers for same paths for different methods. The first parameter is the HTTP Method, second parameter is the request path of the route, third variadic parameter should contains one or more iris.Handler executed by the registered order when a user requests for that specific resouce path from the server.

Example code:

app := iris.New()

app.Handle("GET", "/contact", func(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.HTML("<h1> Hello from /contact </h1>")

In order to make things easier for the user, iris provides functions for all HTTP Methods. The first parameter is the request path of the route, second variadic parameter should contains one or more iris.Handler executed by the registered order when a user requests for that specific resouce path from the server.

Example code:

app := iris.New()

// Method: "GET"
app.Get("/", handler)

// Method: "POST"
app.Post("/", handler)

// Method: "PUT"
app.Put("/", handler)

// Method: "DELETE"
app.Delete("/", handler)

// Method: "OPTIONS"
app.Options("/", handler)

// Method: "TRACE"
app.Trace("/", handler)

// Method: "CONNECT"
app.Connect("/", handler)

// Method: "HEAD"
app.Head("/", handler)

// Method: "PATCH"
app.Patch("/", handler)

// register the route for all HTTP Methods
app.Any("/", handler)

func handler(ctx iris.Context){
    ctx.Writef("Hello from method: %s and path: %s", ctx.Method(), ctx.Path())

Grouping Routes

A set of routes that are being groupped by path prefix can (optionally) share the same middleware handlers and template layout. A group can have a nested group too.

`.Party` is being used to group routes, developers can declare an unlimited number of (nested) groups.

Example code:

users := app.Party("/users", myAuthMiddlewareHandler)

users.Get("/{id:uint64}/profile", userProfileHandler)
users.Get("/inbox/{id:int}", userMessageHandler)

Custom HTTP Errors

iris developers are able to register their own handlers for http statuses like 404 not found, 500 internal server error and so on.

Example code:

// when 404 then render the template $templatedir/errors/404.html
app.OnErrorCode(iris.StatusNotFound, func(ctx iris.Context){

app.OnErrorCode(500, func(ctx iris.Context){
    // ...


With the help of iris's expressionist router you can build any form of API you desire, with safety.

Example code:

package main

import ""

func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    // registers a custom handler for 404 not found http (error) status code,
    // fires when route not found or manually by ctx.StatusCode(iris.StatusNotFound).
    app.OnErrorCode(iris.StatusNotFound, notFoundHandler)

    // GET -> HTTP Method
    // / -> Path
    // func(ctx iris.Context) -> The route's handler.
    // Third receiver should contains the route's handler(s), they are executed by order.
    app.Handle("GET", "/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // navigate to the middle of $GOPATH/src/
        // to overview all context's method (there a lot of them, read that and you will learn how iris works too)
        ctx.HTML("Hello from " + ctx.Path()) // Hello from /

    app.Get("/home", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.Writef(`Same as app.Handle("GET", "/", [...])`)

    app.Get("/donate", donateHandler, donateFinishHandler)

    // Pssst, don't forget dynamic-path example for more "magic"!
    app.Get("/api/users/{userid:uint64 min(1)}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        userID, err := ctx.Params().GetUint64("userid")

        if err != nil {
            ctx.Writef("error while trying to parse userid parameter," +
                "this will never happen if :int is being used because if it's not integer it will fire Not Found automatically.")

            // you can pass any custom structured go value of course.
            "user_id": userID,
    // app.Post("/", func(ctx iris.Context){}) -> for POST http method.
    // app.Put("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "PUT" http method.
    // app.Delete("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "DELETE" http method.
    // app.Options("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "OPTIONS" http method.
    // app.Trace("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "TRACE" http method.
    // app.Head("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "HEAD" http method.
    // app.Connect("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "CONNECT" http method.
    // app.Patch("/", func(ctx iris.Context){})-> for "PATCH" http method.
    // app.Any("/", func(ctx iris.Context){}) for all http methods.

    // More than one route can contain the same path with a different http mapped method.
    // You can catch any route creation errors with:
    // route, err := app.Get(...)
    // set a name to a route: route.Name = "myroute"

    // You can also group routes by path prefix, sharing middleware(s) and done handlers.

    adminRoutes := app.Party("/admin", adminMiddleware)

    adminRoutes.Done(func(ctx iris.Context) { // executes always last if ctx.Next()
        ctx.Application().Logger().Infof("response sent to " + ctx.Path())
    // adminRoutes.Layout("/views/layouts/admin.html") // set a view layout for these routes, see more at view examples.

    // GET: http://localhost:8080/admin
    adminRoutes.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // [...]
        ctx.StatusCode(iris.StatusOK) // default is 200 == iris.StatusOK
        ctx.HTML("<h1>Hello from admin/</h1>")

        ctx.Next() // in order to execute the party's "Done" Handler(s)

    // GET: http://localhost:8080/admin/login
    adminRoutes.Get("/login", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // [...]
    // POST: http://localhost:8080/admin/login
    adminRoutes.Post("/login", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // [...]

    // subdomains, easier than ever, should add localhost or into your hosts file,
    // etc/hosts on unix or C:/windows/system32/drivers/etc/hosts on windows.
    v1 := app.Party("v1.")
    { // braces are optional, it's just type of style, to group the routes visually.

        // http://v1.localhost:8080
        v1.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
            ctx.HTML("Version 1 API. go to <a href='" + ctx.Path() + "/api" + "'>/api/users</a>")

        usersAPI := v1.Party("/api/users")
            // http://v1.localhost:8080/api/users
            usersAPI.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
                ctx.Writef("All users")
            // http://v1.localhost:8080/api/users/42
            usersAPI.Get("/{userid:uint64}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
                ctx.Writef("user with id: %s", ctx.Params().GetUint64("userid"))

    // wildcard subdomains.
    wildcardSubdomain := app.Party("*.")
        wildcardSubdomain.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
            ctx.Writef("Subdomain can be anything, now you're here from: %s", ctx.Subdomain())

    // http://localhost:8080
    // http://localhost:8080/home
    // http://localhost:8080/donate
    // http://localhost:8080/api/users/42
    // http://localhost:8080/admin
    // http://localhost:8080/admin/login
    // http://localhost:8080/api/users/0
    // http://localhost:8080/api/users/blabla
    // http://localhost:8080/wontfound
    // if hosts edited:
    //  http://v1.localhost:8080
    //  http://v1.localhost:8080/api/users
    //  http://v1.localhost:8080/api/users/42
    //  http://anything.localhost:8080

func adminMiddleware(ctx iris.Context) {
    // [...]
    ctx.Next() // to move to the next handler, or don't that if you have any auth logic.

func donateHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.Writef("Just like an inline handler, but it can be " +
        "used by other package, anywhere in your project.")

    // let's pass a value to the next handler
    // Values is the way handlers(or middleware) are communicating between each other.
    ctx.Values().Set("donate_url", "")
    ctx.Next() // in order to execute the next handler in the chain, look donate route.

func donateFinishHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
    // values can be any type of object so we could cast the value to a string
    // but iris provides an easy to do that, if donate_url is not defined, then it returns an empty string instead.
    donateURL := ctx.Values().GetString("donate_url")
    ctx.Application().Logger().Infof("donate_url value was: " + donateURL)
    ctx.Writef("\n\nDonate sent(?).")

func notFoundHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.HTML("Custom route for 404 not found http code, here you can render a view, html, json <b>any valid response</b>.")

Parameterized Path

At the previous example, we've seen static routes, group of routes, subdomains, wildcard subdomains, a small example of parameterized path with a single known parameter and custom http errors, now it's time to see wildcard parameters and macros.

iris, like net/http std package registers route's handlers by a Handler, the iris' type of handler is just a func(ctx iris.Context) where context comes from

Iris has the easiest and the most powerful routing process you have ever meet.

At the same time, iris has its own interpeter(yes like a programming language) for route's path syntax and their dynamic path parameters parsing and evaluation, We call them "macros" for shortcut. How? It calculates its needs and if not any special regexp needed then it just registers the route with the low-level path syntax, otherwise it pre-compiles the regexp and adds the necessary middleware(s).

Standard macro types for parameters:

| {param:string}         |
string type
anything (single path segmnent)

| {param:int}                   |
int type
-9223372036854775808 to 9223372036854775807 (x64) or -2147483648 to 2147483647 (x32), depends on the host arch

| {param:int8}           |
int8 type
-128 to 127

| {param:int16}          |
int16 type
-32768 to 32767

| {param:int32}          |
int32 type
-2147483648 to 2147483647

| {param:int64}          |
int64 type
-9223372036854775808 to 9223372036854775807

| {param:uint}           |
uint type
0 to 18446744073709551615 (x64) or 0 to 4294967295 (x32)

| {param:uint8}          |
uint8 type
0 to 255

| {param:uint16}         |
uint16 type
0 to 65535

| {param:uint32}          |
uint32 type
0 to 4294967295

| {param:uint64}         |
uint64 type
0 to 18446744073709551615

| {param:bool} or {param:boolean} |
bool type
only "1" or "t" or "T" or "TRUE" or "true" or "True"
or "0" or "f" or "F" or "FALSE" or "false" or "False"

| {param:alphabetical}   |
alphabetical/letter type
letters only (upper or lowercase)

| {param:file}           |
file type
letters (upper or lowercase)
numbers (0-9)
underscore (_)
dash (-)
point (.)
no spaces ! or other character

| {param:path}           |
path type
anything, should be the last part, can be more than one path segment,
i.e: "/test/{param:path}" and request: "/test/path1/path2/path3" , ctx.Params().Get("param") == "path1/path2/path3"

if type is missing then parameter's type is defaulted to string, so {param} == {param:string}.

If a function not found on that type then the "string"'s types functions are being used. i.e:

{param:int min(3)}

Besides the fact that iris provides the basic types and some default "macro funcs" you are able to register your own too!.

Register a named path parameter function:

app.Macros().Get("int").RegisterFunc("min", func(argument int) func(paramValue int) bool {
    return func(paramValue int) bool {
        return true/false -> true means valid.

at the func(argument ...) you can have any standard type, it will be validated before the server starts so don't care about performance here, the only thing it runs at serve time is the returning func(paramValue string) bool.

{param:string equal(iris)} , "iris" will be the argument here:
app.Macros().Get("string").RegisterFunc("equal", func(argument string) func(paramValue string) bool {
    return func(paramValue string){ return argument == paramValue }

Example Code:

	// you can use the "string" type which is valid for a single path parameter that can be anything.
	app.Get("/username/{name}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		ctx.Writef("Hello %s", ctx.Params().Get("name"))
	}) // type is missing = {name:string}

	// Let's register our first macro attached to int macro type.
	// "min" = the function
	// "minValue" = the argument of the function
	// func(<T>) bool = the macro's path parameter evaluator, this executes in serve time when
	// a user requests a path which contains the int macro type with the min(...) macro parameter function.
	app.Macros().Get("int").RegisterFunc("min", func(minValue int) func(int) bool {
		// do anything before serve here [...]
		// at this case we don't need to do anything
		return func(paramValue int) bool {
			return paramValue >= minValue

	// http://localhost:8080/profile/id>=1
	// this will throw 404 even if it's found as route on : /profile/0, /profile/blabla, /profile/-1
	// macro parameter functions are optional of course.
	app.Get("/profile/{id:uint64 min(1)}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		// second parameter is the error but it will always nil because we use macros,
		// the validaton already happened.
		id, _ := ctx.Params().GetUint64("id")
		ctx.Writef("Hello id: %d", id)

	// to change the error code per route's macro evaluator:
	app.Get("/profile/{id:uint64 min(1)}/friends/{friendid:uint64 min(1) else 504}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		id, _ := ctx.Params().GetUint64("id")
		friendid, _ := ctx.Params().GetUint64("friendid")
		ctx.Writef("Hello id: %d looking for friend id: ", id, friendid)
	}) // this will throw e 504 error code instead of 404 if all route's macros not passed.

	// http://localhost:8080/game/a-zA-Z/level/42
	// remember, alphabetical is lowercase or uppercase letters only.
	app.Get("/game/{name:alphabetical}/level/{level:int}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		ctx.Writef("name: %s | level: %s", ctx.Params().Get("name"), ctx.Params().Get("level"))

	// let's use a trivial custom regexp that validates a single path parameter
	// which its value is only lowercase letters.

	// http://localhost:8080/lowercase/anylowercase
	app.Get("/lowercase/{name:string regexp(^[a-z]+)}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		ctx.Writef("name should be only lowercase, otherwise this handler will never executed: %s", ctx.Params().Get("name"))

	// http://localhost:8080/single_file/app.js
	app.Get("/single_file/{myfile:file}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		ctx.Writef("file type validates if the parameter value has a form of a file name, got: %s", ctx.Params().Get("myfile"))

	// http://localhost:8080/myfiles/any/directory/here/
	// this is the only macro type that accepts any number of path segments.
	app.Get("/myfiles/{directory:path}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
		ctx.Writef("path type accepts any number of path segments, path after /myfiles/ is: %s", ctx.Params().Get("directory"))



Last, do not confuse ctx.Values() with ctx.Params(). Path parameter's values goes to ctx.Params() and context's local storage that can be used to communicate between handlers and middleware(s) goes to ctx.Values(), path parameters and the rest of any custom values are separated for your own good.


$ go run main.go

Static Files

// StaticServe serves a directory as web resource
// it's the simpliest form of the Static* functions
// Almost same usage as StaticWeb
// accepts only one required parameter which is the systemPath,
// the same path will be used to register the GET and HEAD method routes.
// If second parameter is empty, otherwise the requestPath is the second parameter
// it uses gzip compression (compression on each request, no file cache).
// Returns the GET *Route.
StaticServe(systemPath string, requestPath ...string) (*Route, error)

// StaticContent registers a GET and HEAD method routes to the requestPath
// that are ready to serve raw static bytes, memory cached.
// Returns the GET *Route.
StaticContent(reqPath string, cType string, content []byte) (*Route, error)

// StaticEmbedded  used when files are distributed inside the app executable, using go-bindata mostly
// First parameter is the request path, the path which the files in the vdir will be served to, for example "/static"
// Second parameter is the (virtual) directory path, for example "./assets"
// Third parameter is the Asset function
// Forth parameter is the AssetNames function.
// Returns the GET *Route.
// Example:
StaticEmbedded(requestPath string, vdir string, assetFn func(name string) ([]byte, error), namesFn func() []string) (*Route, error)

// Favicon serves static favicon
// accepts 2 parameters, second is optional
// favPath (string), declare the system directory path of the __.ico
// requestPath (string), it's the route's path, by default this is the "/favicon.ico" because some browsers tries to get this by default first,
// you can declare your own path if you have more than one favicon (desktop, mobile and so on)
// this func will add a route for you which will static serve the /yuorpath/yourfile.ico to the /yourfile.ico
// (nothing special that you can't handle by yourself).
// Note that you have to call it on every favicon you have to serve automatically (desktop, mobile and so on).
// Returns the GET *Route.
Favicon(favPath string, requestPath ...string) (*Route, error)

// StaticWeb returns a handler that serves HTTP requests
// with the contents of the file system rooted at directory.
// first parameter: the route path
// second parameter: the system directory
// third OPTIONAL parameter: the exception routes
//      (= give priority to these routes instead of the static handler)
// for more options look app.StaticHandler.
//     app.StaticWeb("/static", "./static")
// As a special case, the returned file server redirects any request
// ending in "/index.html" to the same path, without the final
// "index.html".
// StaticWeb calls the StaticHandler(systemPath, listingDirectories: false, gzip: false ).
// Returns the GET *Route.
StaticWeb(requestPath string, systemPath string, exceptRoutes ...*Route) (*Route, error)

Example code:

package main

import ""

func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    // This will serve the ./static/favicons/ion_32_32.ico to: localhost:8080/favicon.ico

    // app.Favicon("./static/favicons/ion_32_32.ico", "/favicon_48_48.ico")
    // This will serve the ./static/favicons/ion_32_32.ico to: localhost:8080/favicon_48_48.ico

    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.HTML(`<a href="/favicon.ico"> press here to see the favicon.ico</a>.
        At some browsers like chrome, it should be visible at the top-left side of the browser's window,
        because some browsers make requests to the /favicon.ico automatically,
        so iris serves your favicon in that path too (you can change it).`)
    }) // if favicon doesn't show to you, try to clear your browser's cache.


More examples can be found here:

Middleware Ecosystem

Middleware is just a concept of ordered chain of handlers. Middleware can be registered globally, per-party, per-subdomain and per-route.

Example code:

// globally
// before any routes, appends the middleware to all routes
app.Use(func(ctx iris.Context){
   // ... any code here

   ctx.Next() // in order to continue to the next handler,
   // if that is missing then the next in chain handlers will be not executed,
   // useful for authentication middleware

// globally
// after or before any routes, prepends the middleware to all routes
app.UseGlobal(handler1, handler2, handler3)

// per-route
app.Post("/login", authenticationHandler, loginPageHandler)

// per-party(group of routes)
users := app.Party("/users", usersMiddleware)
users.Get("/", usersIndex)

// per-subdomain
mysubdomain := app.Party("mysubdomain.", firstMiddleware)
mysubdomain.Get("/", mysubdomainIndex)

// per wildcard, dynamic subdomain
dynamicSub := app.Party(".*", firstMiddleware, secondMiddleware)
dynamicSub.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context){
  ctx.Writef("Hello from subdomain: "+ ctx.Subdomain())

iris is able to wrap and convert any external, third-party Handler you used to use to your web application. Let's convert the net/http external middleware which returns a `next form` handler.

Example code:

package main

import (


func main() {

    app := iris.New()
    corsOptions := cors.Options{
        AllowedOrigins:   []string{"*"},
        AllowCredentials: true,

    corsWrapper := cors.New(corsOptions).ServeHTTP


    v1 := app.Party("/api/v1")
        v1.Get("/", h)
        v1.Put("/put", h)
        v1.Post("/post", h)


func h(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.Writef("Hello from %s", ctx.Path())

View Engine

Iris supports 5 template engines out-of-the-box, developers can still use any external golang template engine, as `context/context#ResponseWriter()` is an `io.Writer`.

All of these five template engines have common features with common API, like Layout, Template Funcs, Party-specific layout, partial rendering and more.

The standard html,
its template parser is the

its template parser is the

its template parser is the

its template parser is the

its template parser is the

Example code:

package main

import ""

func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    // - standard html  | iris.HTML(...)
    // - django         | iris.Django(...)
    // - pug(jade)      | iris.Pug(...)
    // - handlebars     | iris.Handlebars(...)
    // - amber          | iris.Amber(...)

    tmpl := iris.HTML("./templates", ".html")
    tmpl.Reload(true) // reload templates on each request (development mode)
    // default template funcs are:
    // - {{ urlpath "mynamedroute" "pathParameter_ifneeded" }}
    // - {{ render "header.html" }}
    // - {{ render_r "header.html" }} // partial relative path to current page
    // - {{ yield }}
    // - {{ current }}

    // register a custom template func.
    tmpl.AddFunc("greet", func(s string) string {
        return "Greetings " + s + "!"

    // register the view engine to the views, this will load the templates.

    app.Get("/", hi)

    // http://localhost:8080
    app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithCharset("UTF-8")) // defaults to that but you can change it.

func hi(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.ViewData("Title", "Hi Page")
    ctx.ViewData("Name", "iris") // {{.Name}} will render: iris
    // ctx.ViewData("", myCcustomStruct{})

View engine supports bundled( template files too. go-bindata gives you two functions, asset and assetNames, these can be set to each of the template engines using the `.Binary` func.

Example code:

package main

import ""

func main() {
    app := iris.New()
    // $ go get -u
    // $ go-bindata ./templates/...
    // $ go build
    // $ ./embedding-templates-into-app
    // html files are not used, you can delete the folder and run the example
    app.RegisterView(iris.HTML("./templates", ".html").Binary(Asset, AssetNames))
    app.Get("/", hi)

    // http://localhost:8080

type page struct {
    Title, Name string

func hi(ctx iris.Context) {
    ctx.ViewData("", page{Title: "Hi Page", Name: "iris"})

A real example can be found here:

Enable auto-reloading of templates on each request. Useful while developers are in dev mode as they no neeed to restart their app on every template edit.

Example code:

pugEngine := iris.Pug("./templates", ".jade")
pugEngine.Reload(true) // <--- set to true to re-build the templates on each request.


In case you're wondering, the code behind the view engines derives from the "" package, access to the engines' variables can be granded by "" package too.

iris.HTML(...) is a shortcut of view.HTML(...)
iris.Django(...)     >> >>      view.Django(...)
iris.Pug(...)        >> >>      view.Pug(...)
iris.Handlebars(...) >> >>      view.Handlebars(...)
iris.Amber(...)      >> >>      view.Amber(...)

Each one of these template engines has different options located here: .


This example will show how to store and access data from a session.

You don’t need any third-party library, but If you want you can use any session manager compatible or not.

In this example we will only allow authenticated users to view our secret message on the /secret page. To get access to it, the will first have to visit /login to get a valid session cookie, which logs him in. Additionally he can visit /logout to revoke his access to our secret message.

Example code:

// main.go
package main

import (


var (
    cookieNameForSessionID = "mycookiesessionnameid"
    sess                   = sessions.New(sessions.Config{Cookie: cookieNameForSessionID})

func secret(ctx iris.Context) {

    // Check if user is authenticated
    if auth, _ := sess.Start(ctx).GetBoolean("authenticated"); !auth {

    // Print secret message
    ctx.WriteString("The cake is a lie!")

func login(ctx iris.Context) {
    session := sess.Start(ctx)

    // Authentication goes here
    // ...

    // Set user as authenticated
    session.Set("authenticated", true)

func logout(ctx iris.Context) {
    session := sess.Start(ctx)

    // Revoke users authentication
    session.Set("authenticated", false)

func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    app.Get("/secret", secret)
    app.Get("/login", login)
    app.Get("/logout", logout)


Running the example:

$ go get
$ go run main.go

$ curl -s http://localhost:8080/secret

$ curl -s -I http://localhost:8080/login
Set-Cookie: mycookiesessionnameid=MTQ4NzE5Mz...

$ curl -s --cookie "mycookiesessionnameid=MTQ4NzE5Mz..." http://localhost:8080/secret
The cake is a lie!

Sessions persistence can be achieved using one (or more) `sessiondb`.

Example Code:

package main

import (



// tested with redis version 3.0.503.
// for windows see:
func main() {
    // replace with your running redis' server settings:
    db := redis.New(service.Config{
        Network:     service.DefaultRedisNetwork,
        Addr:        service.DefaultRedisAddr,
        Password:    "",
        Database:    "",
        MaxIdle:     0,
        MaxActive:   0,
        IdleTimeout: service.DefaultRedisIdleTimeout,
        Prefix:      ""}) // optionally configure the bridge between your redis server

    // close connection when control+C/cmd+C
    iris.RegisterOnInterrupt(func() {

    defer db.Close() // close the database connection if application errored.

    sess := sessions.New(sessions.Config{
        Cookie:  "sessionscookieid",
        Expires: 45 * time.Minute}, // <=0 means unlimited life. Defaults to 0.


    // the rest of the code stays the same.
    app := iris.New()

    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.Writef("You should navigate to the /set, /get, /delete, /clear,/destroy instead")
    app.Get("/set", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        s := sess.Start(ctx)
        //set session values
        s.Set("name", "iris")

        //test if set here
        ctx.Writef("All ok session value of the 'name' is: %s", s.GetString("name"))

    app.Get("/set/{key}/{value}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        key, value := ctx.Params().Get("key"), ctx.Params().Get("value")
        s := sess.Start(ctx)
        // set session values
        s.Set(key, value)

        // test if set here
        ctx.Writef("All ok session value of the '%s' is: %s", key, s.GetString(key))

    app.Get("/get", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // get a specific key, as string, if no found returns just an empty string
        name := sess.Start(ctx).GetString("name")

        ctx.Writef("The 'name' on the /set was: %s", name)

    app.Get("/get/{key}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // get a specific key, as string, if no found returns just an empty string
        name := sess.Start(ctx).GetString(ctx.Params().Get("key"))

        ctx.Writef("The name on the /set was: %s", name)

    app.Get("/delete", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // delete a specific key

    app.Get("/clear", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // removes all entries

    app.Get("/destroy", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        //destroy, removes the entire session data and cookie

    app.Get("/update", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // updates expire date with a new date

    app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithoutServerError(iris.ErrServerClosed))

More examples:


In this example we will create a small chat between web sockets via browser.

Example Server Code:

// main.go
package main

import (



func main() {
    app := iris.New()

    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.ServeFile("websockets.html", false) // second parameter: enable gzip?


    // x2
    // http://localhost:8080
    // http://localhost:8080
    // write something, press submit, see the result.

func setupWebsocket(app *iris.Application) {
    // create our echo websocket server
    ws := websocket.New(websocket.Config{
        ReadBufferSize:  1024,
        WriteBufferSize: 1024,

    // register the server on an endpoint.
    // see the inline javascript code i the websockets.html, this endpoint is used to connect to the server.
    app.Get("/echo", ws.Handler())

    // serve the javascript built'n client-side library,
    // see websockets.html script tags, this path is used.
    app.Any("/iris-ws.js", func(ctx iris.Context) {

func handleConnection(c websocket.Connection) {
    // Read events from browser
    c.On("chat", func(msg string) {
        // Print the message to the console, c.Context() is the iris's http context.
        fmt.Printf("%s sent: %s\n", c.Context().RemoteAddr(), msg)
        // Write message back to the client message owner:
        // c.Emit("chat", msg)
        c.To(websocket.Broadcast).Emit("chat", msg)

Example Client(javascript) Code:

<!-- websockets.html -->
<input id="input" type="text" />
<button onclick="send()">Send</button>
<pre id="output"></pre>
<script src="/iris-ws.js"></script>
    var input = document.getElementById("input");
    var output = document.getElementById("output");

    // Ws comes from the auto-served '/iris-ws.js'
    var socket = new Ws("ws://localhost:8080/echo");
    socket.OnConnect(function () {
        output.innerHTML += "Status: Connected\n";

    socket.OnDisconnect(function () {
        output.innerHTML += "Status: Disconnected\n";

    // read events from the server
    socket.On("chat", function (msg) {

    function send() {
        addMessage("Me: "+input.value) // write ourselves
        socket.Emit("chat", input.value);// send chat event data to the websocket server
        input.value = ""; // clear the input

    function addMessage(msg) {
        output.innerHTML += msg + "\n";

Running the example:

$ go get
$ go run main.go
$ start http://localhost:8080

MVC - Model View Controller

Iris has first-class support for the MVC pattern, you'll not find these stuff anywhere else in the Go world.

Example Code:

package main

import (


func main() {
    app := iris.New()
    // Optionally, add two built'n handlers
    // that can recover from any http-relative panics
    // and log the requests to the terminal.

    // Serve a controller based on the root Router, "/".

    // http://localhost:8080
    // http://localhost:8080/ping
    // http://localhost:8080/hello
    // http://localhost:8080/custom_path

// ExampleController serves the "/", "/ping" and "/hello".
type ExampleController struct{}

// Get serves
// Method:   GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080
func (c *ExampleController) Get() mvc.Result {
    return mvc.Response{
        ContentType: "text/html",
        Text:        "<h1>Welcome</h1>",

// GetPing serves
// Method:   GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080/ping
func (c *ExampleController) GetPing() string {
    return "pong"

// GetHello serves
// Method:   GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080/hello
func (c *ExampleController) GetHello() interface{} {
    return map[string]string{"message": "Hello Iris!"}

// GetUserBy serves // Method: GET // Resource: http://localhost:8080/user/{username:string} // By is a reserved "keyword" to tell the framework that you're going to // bind path parameters in the function's input arguments, and it also // helps to have "Get" and "GetBy" in the same controller. // // func (c *ExampleController) GetUserBy(username string) mvc.Result { // return mvc.View{ // Name: "user/username.html", // Data: username, // } // }

Can use more than one, the factory will make sure that the correct http methods are being registered for each route for this controller, uncomment these if you want:

func (c *ExampleController) Post() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Put() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Delete() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Connect() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Head() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Patch() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Options() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Trace() {}

func (c *ExampleController) All() {}
//        OR
func (c *ExampleController) Any() {}

func (c *ExampleController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) {
    // 1 -> the HTTP Method
    // 2 -> the route's path
    // 3 -> this controller's method name that should be handler for that route.
    b.Handle("GET", "/mypath/{param}", "DoIt", optionalMiddlewareHere...)

// After activation, all dependencies are set-ed - so read only access on them
// but still possible to add custom controller or simple standard handlers.
func (c *ExampleController) AfterActivation(a mvc.AfterActivation) {}

Iris web framework supports Request data, Models, Persistence Data and Binding with the fastest possible execution.


All HTTP Methods are supported, for example if want to serve `GET` then the controller should have a function named `Get()`, you can define more than one method function to serve in the same Controller.

Register custom controller's struct's methods as handlers with custom paths(even with regex parametermized path) via the `BeforeActivation` custom event callback, per-controller. Example:

package main

import (

func main() {
    app := iris.New()
    mvc.Configure(app.Party("/root"), myMVC)

func myMVC(app *mvc.Application) {
    // app.Register(...)
    // app.Router.Use/UseGlobal/Done(...)

type MyController struct {}

func (m *MyController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) {
    // b.Dependencies().Add/Remove
    // b.Router().Use/UseGlobal/Done // and any standard API call you already know

    // 1-> Method
    // 2-> Path
    // 3-> The controller's function name to be parsed as handler
    // 4-> Any handlers that should run before the MyCustomHandler
    b.Handle("GET", "/something/{id:long}", "MyCustomHandler", anyMiddleware...)

// GET: http://localhost:8080/root
func (m *MyController) Get() string { return "Hey" }

// GET: http://localhost:8080/root/something/{id:long}
func (m *MyController) MyCustomHandler(id int64) string { return "MyCustomHandler says Hey" }

Persistence data inside your Controller struct (share data between requests) by defining services to the Dependencies or have a `Singleton` controller scope.

Share the dependencies between controllers or register them on a parent MVC Application, and ability to modify dependencies per-controller on the `BeforeActivation` optional event callback inside a Controller, i.e

func(c *MyController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) { b.Dependencies().Add/Remove(...) }

Access to the `Context` as a controller's field(no manual binding is neede) i.e `Ctx iris.Context` or via a method's input argument, i.e

func(ctx iris.Context, otherArguments...)

Models inside your Controller struct (set-ed at the Method function and rendered by the View). You can return models from a controller's method or set a field in the request lifecycle and return that field to another method, in the same request lifecycle.

Flow as you used to, mvc application has its own `Router` which is a type of `iris/router.Party`, the standard iris api. `Controllers` can be registered to any `Party`, including Subdomains, the Party's begin and done handlers work as expected.

Optional `BeginRequest(ctx)` function to perform any initialization before the method execution, useful to call middlewares or when many methods use the same collection of data.

Optional `EndRequest(ctx)` function to perform any finalization after any method executed.

Session dynamic dependency via manager's `Start` to the MVC Application, i.e

mvcApp.Register(sessions.New(sessions.Config{Cookie: "iris_session_id"}).Start)

Inheritance, recursively.

Access to the dynamic path parameters via the controller's methods' input arguments, no binding is needed. When you use the Iris' default syntax to parse handlers from a controller, you need to suffix the methods with the `By` word, uppercase is a new sub path. Example:

Register one or more relative paths and able to get path parameters, i.e

If `mvc.New(app.Party("/user")).Handle(new(user.Controller))`

- `func(*Controller) Get()` - `GET:/user` , as usual.
- `func(*Controller) Post()` - `POST:/user`, as usual.
- `func(*Controller) GetLogin()` - `GET:/user/login`
- `func(*Controller) PostLogin()` - `POST:/user/login`
- `func(*Controller) GetProfileFollowers()` - `GET:/user/profile/followers`
- `func(*Controller) PostProfileFollowers()` - `POST:/user/profile/followers`
- `func(*Controller) GetBy(id int64)` - `GET:/user/{param:long}`
- `func(*Controller) PostBy(id int64)` - `POST:/user/{param:long}`

If `mvc.New(app.Party("/profile")).Handle(new(profile.Controller))`

- `func(*Controller) GetBy(username string)` - `GET:/profile/{param:string}`

If `mvc.New(app.Party("/assets")).Handle(new(file.Controller))`

- `func(*Controller) GetByWildard(path string)` - `GET:/assets/{param:path}`

If `mvc.New(app.Party("/equality")).Handle(new(profile.Equality))`

- `func(*Controller) GetBy(is bool)` - `GET:/equality/{param:boolean}`
- `func(*Controller) GetByOtherBy(is bool, otherID int64)` - `GET:/equality/{paramfirst:boolean}/other/{paramsecond:long}`

Supported types for method functions receivers: int, int64, bool and string.

Response via output arguments, optionally, i.e

func(c *ExampleController) Get() string |
(string, string) |
(string, int) |
(string, error) |
int |
(int, string) |
(any, int) |
error |
(int, error) |
(customStruct, error) |
(any, error) |
bool |
(any, bool)
customStruct |
(customStruct, int) |
(customStruct, string) |
`Result` or (`Result`, error)

Where `any` means everything, from custom structs to standard language's types-. `Result` is an interface which contains only that function: Dispatch(ctx iris.Context) and Get where HTTP Method function(Post, Put, Delete...).

Iris MVC Method Result

Iris has a very powerful and blazing fast MVC support, you can return any value of any type from a method function and it will be sent to the client as expected.

* if `string` then it's the body. * if `string` is the second output argument then it's the content type. * if `int` then it's the status code. * if `bool` is false then it throws 404 not found http error by skipping everything else. * if `error` and not nil then (any type) response will be omitted and error's text with a 400 bad request will be rendered instead. * if `(int, error)` and error is not nil then the response result will be the error's text with the status code as `int`. * if `custom struct` or `interface{}` or `slice` or `map` then it will be rendered as json, unless a `string` content type is following. * if `mvc.Result` then it executes its `Dispatch` function, so good design patters can be used to split the model's logic where needed.

Examples with good patterns to follow but not intend to be used in production of course can be found at:

Using Iris MVC for code reuse

By creating components that are independent of one another, developers are able to reuse components quickly and easily in other applications. The same (or similar) view for one application can be refactored for another application with different data because the view is simply handling how the data is being displayed to the user.

If you're new to back-end web development read about the MVC architectural pattern first, a good start is that wikipedia article:

That's the basics

But you should have a basic idea of the framework by now, we just scratched the surface. If you enjoy what you just saw and want to learn more, please follow the below links:



Home Page:

Book (in-progress):


Package Files

configuration.go doc.go go19.go iris.go


const (
    StatusContinue           = 100 // RFC 7231, 6.2.1
    StatusSwitchingProtocols = 101 // RFC 7231, 6.2.2
    StatusProcessing         = 102 // RFC 2518, 10.1

    StatusOK                   = 200 // RFC 7231, 6.3.1
    StatusCreated              = 201 // RFC 7231, 6.3.2
    StatusAccepted             = 202 // RFC 7231, 6.3.3
    StatusNonAuthoritativeInfo = 203 // RFC 7231, 6.3.4
    StatusNoContent            = 204 // RFC 7231, 6.3.5
    StatusResetContent         = 205 // RFC 7231, 6.3.6
    StatusPartialContent       = 206 // RFC 7233, 4.1
    StatusMultiStatus          = 207 // RFC 4918, 11.1
    StatusAlreadyReported      = 208 // RFC 5842, 7.1
    StatusIMUsed               = 226 // RFC 3229, 10.4.1

    StatusMultipleChoices  = 300 // RFC 7231, 6.4.1
    StatusMovedPermanently = 301 // RFC 7231, 6.4.2
    StatusFound            = 302 // RFC 7231, 6.4.3
    StatusSeeOther         = 303 // RFC 7231, 6.4.4
    StatusNotModified      = 304 // RFC 7232, 4.1
    StatusUseProxy         = 305 // RFC 7231, 6.4.5

    StatusTemporaryRedirect = 307 // RFC 7231, 6.4.7
    StatusPermanentRedirect = 308 // RFC 7538, 3

    StatusBadRequest                   = 400 // RFC 7231, 6.5.1
    StatusUnauthorized                 = 401 // RFC 7235, 3.1
    StatusPaymentRequired              = 402 // RFC 7231, 6.5.2
    StatusForbidden                    = 403 // RFC 7231, 6.5.3
    StatusNotFound                     = 404 // RFC 7231, 6.5.4
    StatusMethodNotAllowed             = 405 // RFC 7231, 6.5.5
    StatusNotAcceptable                = 406 // RFC 7231, 6.5.6
    StatusProxyAuthRequired            = 407 // RFC 7235, 3.2
    StatusRequestTimeout               = 408 // RFC 7231, 6.5.7
    StatusConflict                     = 409 // RFC 7231, 6.5.8
    StatusGone                         = 410 // RFC 7231, 6.5.9
    StatusLengthRequired               = 411 // RFC 7231, 6.5.10
    StatusPreconditionFailed           = 412 // RFC 7232, 4.2
    StatusRequestEntityTooLarge        = 413 // RFC 7231, 6.5.11
    StatusRequestURITooLong            = 414 // RFC 7231, 6.5.12
    StatusUnsupportedMediaType         = 415 // RFC 7231, 6.5.13
    StatusRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable = 416 // RFC 7233, 4.4
    StatusExpectationFailed            = 417 // RFC 7231, 6.5.14
    StatusTeapot                       = 418 // RFC 7168, 2.3.3
    StatusMisdirectedRequest           = 421 // RFC 7540, 9.1.2
    StatusUnprocessableEntity          = 422 // RFC 4918, 11.2
    StatusLocked                       = 423 // RFC 4918, 11.3
    StatusFailedDependency             = 424 // RFC 4918, 11.4
    StatusTooEarly                     = 425 // RFC 8470, 5.2.
    StatusUpgradeRequired              = 426 // RFC 7231, 6.5.15
    StatusPreconditionRequired         = 428 // RFC 6585, 3
    StatusTooManyRequests              = 429 // RFC 6585, 4
    StatusRequestHeaderFieldsTooLarge  = 431 // RFC 6585, 5
    StatusUnavailableForLegalReasons   = 451 // RFC 7725, 3

    StatusInternalServerError           = 500 // RFC 7231, 6.6.1
    StatusNotImplemented                = 501 // RFC 7231, 6.6.2
    StatusBadGateway                    = 502 // RFC 7231, 6.6.3
    StatusServiceUnavailable            = 503 // RFC 7231, 6.6.4
    StatusGatewayTimeout                = 504 // RFC 7231, 6.6.5
    StatusHTTPVersionNotSupported       = 505 // RFC 7231, 6.6.6
    StatusVariantAlsoNegotiates         = 506 // RFC 2295, 8.1
    StatusInsufficientStorage           = 507 // RFC 4918, 11.5
    StatusLoopDetected                  = 508 // RFC 5842, 7.2
    StatusNotExtended                   = 510 // RFC 2774, 7
    StatusNetworkAuthenticationRequired = 511 // RFC 6585, 6

HTTP status codes as registered with IANA. See: Raw Copy from the net/http std package in order to recude the import path of "net/http" for the users.

Copied from `net/http` package.

const (
    MethodGet     = "GET"
    MethodPost    = "POST"
    MethodPut     = "PUT"
    MethodDelete  = "DELETE"
    MethodConnect = "CONNECT"
    MethodHead    = "HEAD"
    MethodPatch   = "PATCH"
    MethodOptions = "OPTIONS"
    MethodTrace   = "TRACE"

HTTP Methods copied from `net/http`.

const MethodNone = "NONE"

MethodNone is an iris-specific "virtual" method to store the "offline" routes.

const NoLayout = view.NoLayout

NoLayout to disable layout for a particular template file A shortcut for the `view#NoLayout`.


var (
    // HTML view engine.
    // Conversion for the view.HTML.
    HTML = view.HTML
    // Django view engine.
    // Conversion for the view.Django.
    Django = view.Django
    // Handlebars view engine.
    // Conversion for the view.Handlebars.
    Handlebars = view.Handlebars
    // Pug view engine.
    // Conversion for the view.Pug.
    Pug = view.Pug
    // Amber view engine.
    // Conversion for the view.Amber.
    Amber = view.Amber
var (
    // LimitRequestBodySize is a middleware which sets a request body size limit
    // for all next handlers in the chain.
    // A shortcut for the `context#LimitRequestBodySize`.
    LimitRequestBodySize = context.LimitRequestBodySize
    // StaticEmbeddedHandler returns a Handler which can serve
    // embedded into executable files.
    // Examples:
    StaticEmbeddedHandler = router.StaticEmbeddedHandler
    // StripPrefix returns a handler that serves HTTP requests
    // by removing the given prefix from the request URL's Path
    // and invoking the handler h. StripPrefix handles a
    // request for a path that doesn't begin with prefix by
    // replying with an HTTP 404 not found error.
    // Usage:
    // fileserver := Party#StaticHandler("./static_files", false, false)
    // h := iris.StripPrefix("/static", fileserver)
    // app.Get("/static/{f:path}", h)
    // app.Head("/static/{f:path}", h)
    StripPrefix = router.StripPrefix
    // Gzip is a middleware which enables writing
    // using gzip compression, if client supports.
    // A shortcut for the `context#Gzip`.
    Gzip = context.Gzip
    // FromStd converts native http.Handler, http.HandlerFunc & func(w, r, next) to context.Handler.
    // Supported form types:
    // 		 .FromStd(h http.Handler)
    // 		 .FromStd(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request))
    // 		 .FromStd(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request, next http.HandlerFunc))
    // A shortcut for the `handlerconv#FromStd`.
    FromStd = handlerconv.FromStd
    // Cache is a middleware providing server-side cache functionalities
    // to the next handlers, can be used as: `app.Get("/", iris.Cache, aboutHandler)`.
    // It should be used after Static methods.
    // See `iris#Cache304` for an alternative, faster way.
    // Examples can be found at:
    Cache = cache.Handler
    // NoCache is a middleware which overrides the Cache-Control, Pragma and Expires headers
    // in order to disable the cache during the browser's back and forward feature.
    // A good use of this middleware is on HTML routes; to refresh the page even on "back" and "forward" browser's arrow buttons.
    // See `iris#StaticCache` for the opposite behavior.
    // A shortcut of the `cache#NoCache`
    NoCache = cache.NoCache
    // StaticCache middleware for caching static files by sending the "Cache-Control" and "Expires" headers to the client.
    // It accepts a single input parameter, the "cacheDur", a time.Duration that it's used to calculate the expiration.
    // If "cacheDur" <=0 then it returns the `NoCache` middleware instaed to disable the caching between browser's "back" and "forward" actions.
    // Usage: `app.Use(iris.StaticCache(24 * time.Hour))` or `app.Use(iris.Staticcache(-1))`.
    // A middleware, which is a simple Handler can be called inside another handler as well, example:
    // cacheMiddleware := iris.StaticCache(...)
    // func(ctx iris.Context){
    //  cacheMiddleware(ctx)
    //  [...]
    // }
    // A shortcut of the `cache#StaticCache`
    StaticCache = cache.StaticCache
    // Cache304 sends a `StatusNotModified` (304) whenever
    // the "If-Modified-Since" request header (time) is before the
    // time.Now() + expiresEvery (always compared to their UTC values).
    // Use this, which is a shortcut of the, `chache#Cache304` instead of the "" or iris.Cache
    // for better performance.
    // Clients that are compatible with the http RCF (all browsers are and tools like postman)
    // will handle the caching.
    // The only disadvantage of using that instead of server-side caching
    // is that this method will send a 304 status code instead of 200,
    // So, if you use it side by side with other micro services
    // you have to check for that status code as well for a valid response.
    // Developers are free to extend this method's behavior
    // by watching system directories changes manually and use of the `ctx.WriteWithExpiration`
    // with a "modtime" based on the file modified date,
    // simillary to the `StaticWeb`(which sends status OK(200) and browser disk caching instead of 304).
    // A shortcut of the `cache#Cache304`.
    Cache304 = cache.Cache304

    // CookiePath is a `CookieOption`.
    // Use it to change the cookie's Path field.
    // A shortcut for the `context#CookiePath`.
    CookiePath = context.CookiePath
    // CookieCleanPath is a `CookieOption`.
    // Use it to clear the cookie's Path field, exactly the same as `CookiePath("")`.
    // A shortcut for the `context#CookieCleanPath`.
    CookieCleanPath = context.CookieCleanPath
    // CookieExpires is a `CookieOption`.
    // Use it to change the cookie's Expires and MaxAge fields by passing the lifetime of the cookie.
    // A shortcut for the `context#CookieExpires`.
    CookieExpires = context.CookieExpires
    // CookieHTTPOnly is a `CookieOption`.
    // Use it to set the cookie's HttpOnly field to false or true.
    // HttpOnly field defaults to true for `RemoveCookie` and `SetCookieKV`.
    // A shortcut for the `context#CookieHTTPOnly`.
    CookieHTTPOnly = context.CookieHTTPOnly
    // CookieEncode is a `CookieOption`.
    // Provides encoding functionality when adding a cookie.
    // Accepts a `context#CookieEncoder` and sets the cookie's value to the encoded value.
    // Users of that is the `context#SetCookie` and `context#SetCookieKV`.
    // Example:
    // A shortcut for the `context#CookieEncode`.
    CookieEncode = context.CookieEncode
    // CookieDecode is a `CookieOption`.
    // Provides decoding functionality when retrieving a cookie.
    // Accepts a `context#CookieDecoder` and sets the cookie's value to the decoded value before return by the `GetCookie`.
    // User of that is the `context#GetCookie`.
    // Example:
    // A shortcut for the `context#CookieDecode`.
    CookieDecode = context.CookieDecode
    // IsErrPath can be used at `context#ReadForm`.
    // It reports whether the incoming error is type of `formbinder.ErrPath`,
    // which can be ignored when server allows unknown post values to be sent by the client.
    // A shortcut for the `context#IsErrPath`.
    IsErrPath = context.IsErrPath
var ErrServerClosed = http.ErrServerClosed

ErrServerClosed is returned by the Server's Serve, ServeTLS, ListenAndServe, and ListenAndServeTLS methods after a call to Shutdown or Close.

A shortcut for the `http#ErrServerClosed`.

var RegisterOnInterrupt = host.RegisterOnInterrupt

RegisterOnInterrupt registers a global function to call when CTRL+C/CMD+C pressed or a unix kill command received.

A shortcut for the `host#RegisterOnInterrupt`.

var (
    // Version is the current version number of the Iris Web Framework.
    Version = "11.1.1"
var WithFireMethodNotAllowed = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.FireMethodNotAllowed = true

WithFireMethodNotAllowed enanbles the FireMethodNotAllowed setting.

See `Configuration`.

var WithGlobalConfiguration = func(app *Application) {

WithGlobalConfiguration will load the global yaml configuration file from the home directory and it will set/override the whole app's configuration to that file's contents. The global configuration file can be modified by user and be used by multiple iris instances.

This is useful when we run multiple iris servers that share the same configuration, even with custom values at its "Other" field.

Usage: `app.Configure(iris.WithGlobalConfiguration)` or `app.Run([iris.Runner], iris.WithGlobalConfiguration)`.

var WithOptimizations = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.EnableOptimizations = true

WithOptimizations can force the application to optimize for the best performance where is possible.

See `Configuration`.

var WithPathEscape = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.EnablePathEscape = true

WithPathEscape enanbles the PathEscape setting.

See `Configuration`.

var WithoutAutoFireStatusCode = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.DisableAutoFireStatusCode = true

WithoutAutoFireStatusCode disables the AutoFireStatusCode setting.

See `Configuration`.

var WithoutBanner = WithoutStartupLog

WithoutBanner is a conversion for the `WithoutStartupLog` option.

Turns off the information send, once, to the terminal when the main server is open.

var WithoutBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.DisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal = true

WithoutBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal disables BodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal setting.

See `Configuration`.

var WithoutInterruptHandler = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.DisableInterruptHandler = true

WithoutInterruptHandler disables the automatic graceful server shutdown when control/cmd+C pressed.

var WithoutPathCorrection = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.DisablePathCorrection = true

WithoutPathCorrection disables the PathCorrection setting.

See `Configuration`.

var WithoutPathCorrectionRedirection = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.DisablePathCorrection = false
    app.config.DisablePathCorrectionRedirection = true

WithoutPathCorrectionRedirection disables the PathCorrectionRedirection setting.

See `Configuration`.

var WithoutStartupLog = func(app *Application) {
    app.config.DisableStartupLog = true

WithoutStartupLog turns off the information send, once, to the terminal when the main server is open.

type Application Uses

type Application struct {
    // routing embedded | exposing APIBuilder's and Router's public API.
    ContextPool *context.Pool

    // Hosts contains a list of all servers (Host Supervisors) that this app is running on.
    // Hosts may be empty only if application ran(`app.Run`) with `iris.Raw` option runner,
    // otherwise it contains a single host (`app.Hosts[0]`).
    // Additional Host Supervisors can be added to that list by calling the `app.NewHost` manually.
    // Hosts field is available after `Run` or `NewHost`.
    Hosts []*host.Supervisor
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

Application is responsible to manage the state of the application. It contains and handles all the necessary parts to create a fast web server.

func Default Uses

func Default() *Application

Default returns a new Application instance which, unlike `New`, recovers on panics and logs the incoming http requests.

func New Uses

func New() *Application

New creates and returns a fresh empty iris *Application instance.

func (*Application) Build Uses

func (app *Application) Build() error

Build sets up, once, the framework. It builds the default router with its default macros and the template functions that are very-closed to iris.

func (*Application) ConfigurationReadOnly Uses

func (app *Application) ConfigurationReadOnly() context.ConfigurationReadOnly

ConfigurationReadOnly returns an object which doesn't allow field writing.

func (*Application) Configure Uses

func (app *Application) Configure(configurators ...Configurator) *Application

Configure can called when modifications to the framework instance needed. It accepts the framework instance and returns an error which if it's not nil it's printed to the logger. See configuration.go for more.

Returns itself in order to be used like `app:= New().Configure(...)`

func (*Application) ConfigureHost Uses

func (app *Application) ConfigureHost(configurators *Application

ConfigureHost accepts one or more `host#Configuration`, these configurators functions can access the host created by `app.Run`, they're being executed when application is ready to being served to the public.

It's an alternative way to interact with a host that is automatically created by `app.Run`.

These "configurators" can work side-by-side with the `iris#Addr, iris#Server, iris#TLS, iris#AutoTLS, iris#Listener` final arguments("hostConfigs") too.

Note that these application's host "configurators" will be shared with the rest of the hosts that this app will may create (using `app.NewHost`), meaning that `app.NewHost` will execute these "configurators" everytime that is being called as well.

These "configurators" should be registered before the `app.Run` or `host.Serve/Listen` functions.

func (*Application) Logger Uses

func (app *Application) Logger() *golog.Logger

Logger returns the golog logger instance(pointer) that is being used inside the "app".

Available levels: - "disable" - "fatal" - "error" - "warn" - "info" - "debug" Usage: app.Logger().SetLevel("error") Defaults to "info" level.

Callers can use the application's logger which is the same `golog.Default` logger, to print custom logs too. Usage: app.Logger().Error/Errorf("...") app.Logger().Warn/Warnf("...") app.Logger().Info/Infof("...") app.Logger().Debug/Debugf("...")

Setting one or more outputs: app.Logger().SetOutput(io.Writer...) Adding one or more outputs : app.Logger().AddOutput(io.Writer...)

Adding custom levels requires import of the `` package:

First we create our level to a golog.Level
in order to be used in the Log functions.
var SuccessLevel golog.Level = 6
Register our level, just three fields.
golog.Levels[SuccessLevel] = &golog.LevelMetadata{
	Name:    "success",
	RawText: "[SUCC]",
	// ColorfulText (Green Color[SUCC])
	ColorfulText: "\x1b[32m[SUCC]\x1b[0m",

Usage: app.Logger().SetLevel("success") app.Logger().Logf(SuccessLevel, "a custom leveled log message")

func (*Application) NewHost Uses

func (app *Application) NewHost(srv *http.Server) *host.Supervisor

NewHost accepts a standar *http.Server object, completes the necessary missing parts of that "srv" and returns a new, ready-to-use, host (supervisor).

func (*Application) RegisterView Uses

func (app *Application) RegisterView(viewEngine view.Engine)

RegisterView should be used to register view engines mapping to a root directory and the template file(s) extension.

func (*Application) Run Uses

func (app *Application) Run(serve Runner, withOrWithout ...Configurator) error

Run builds the framework and starts the desired `Runner` with or without configuration edits.

Run should be called only once per Application instance, it blocks like http.Server.

If more than one server needed to run on the same iris instance then create a new host and run it manually by `go NewHost(*http.Server).Serve/ListenAndServe` etc... or use an already created host: h := NewHost(*http.Server) Run(Raw(h.ListenAndServe), WithCharset("UTF-8"), WithRemoteAddrHeader("CF-Connecting-IP"))

The Application can go online with any type of server or iris's host with the help of the following runners: `Listener`, `Server`, `Addr`, `TLS`, `AutoTLS` and `Raw`.

func (*Application) SPA Uses

func (app *Application) SPA(assetHandler context.Handler) *router.SPABuilder

SPA accepts an "assetHandler" which can be the result of an app.StaticHandler or app.StaticEmbeddedHandler. Use that when you want to navigate from /index.html to / automatically it's a helper function which just makes some checks based on the `IndexNames` and `AssetValidators` before the assetHandler call.


func (*Application) Shutdown Uses

func (app *Application) Shutdown(ctx stdContext.Context) error

Shutdown gracefully terminates all the application's server hosts. Returns an error on the first failure, otherwise nil.

func (*Application) SubdomainRedirect Uses

func (app *Application) SubdomainRedirect(from, to router.Party) router.Party

SubdomainRedirect registers a router wrapper which redirects(StatusMovedPermanently) a (sub)domain to another subdomain or to the root domain as fast as possible, before the router's try to execute route's handler(s).

It receives two arguments, they are the from and to/target locations, 'from' can be a wildcard subdomain as well (app.WildcardSubdomain()) 'to' is not allowed to be a wildcard for obvious reasons, 'from' can be the root domain(app) when the 'to' is not the root domain and visa-versa.

Usage: www := app.Subdomain("www") <- same as app.Party("www.") app.SubdomainRedirect(app, www) This will redirect all http(s):// to http(s)://

One or more subdomain redirects can be used to the same app instance.

If you need more information about this implementation then you have to navigate through the `core/router#NewSubdomainRedirectWrapper` function instead.


func (*Application) View Uses

func (app *Application) View(writer io.Writer, filename string, layout string, bindingData interface{}) error

View executes and writes the result of a template file to the writer.

First parameter is the writer to write the parsed template. Second parameter is the relative, to templates directory, template filename, including extension. Third parameter is the layout, can be empty string. Forth parameter is the bindable data to the template, can be nil.

Use context.View to render templates to the client instead. Returns an error on failure, otherwise nil.

func (*Application) WWW Uses

func (app *Application) WWW() router.Party

WWW creates and returns a "www." subdomain. The difference from `app.Subdomain("www")` or `app.Party("www.")` is that the `app.WWW()` method wraps the router so all http(s):// will be redirect to http(s):// Other subdomains can be registered using the app: `sub := app.Subdomain("mysubdomain")`, child subdomains can be registered using the www := app.WWW(); www.Subdomain("wwwchildSubdomain").

type Configuration Uses

type Configuration struct {

    // IgnoreServerErrors will cause to ignore the matched "errors"
    // from the main application's `Run` function.
    // This is a slice of string, not a slice of error
    // users can register these errors using yaml or toml configuration file
    // like the rest of the configuration fields.
    // See `WithoutServerError(...)` function too.
    // Example:
    // Defaults to an empty slice.
    IgnoreServerErrors []string `json:"ignoreServerErrors,omitempty" yaml:"IgnoreServerErrors" toml:"IgnoreServerErrors"`

    // DisableStartupLog if set to true then it turns off the write banner on server startup.
    // Defaults to false.
    DisableStartupLog bool `json:"disableStartupLog,omitempty" yaml:"DisableStartupLog" toml:"DisableStartupLog"`
    // DisableInterruptHandler if set to true then it disables the automatic graceful server shutdown
    // when control/cmd+C pressed.
    // Turn this to true if you're planning to handle this by your own via a custom host.Task.
    // Defaults to false.
    DisableInterruptHandler bool `json:"disableInterruptHandler,omitempty" yaml:"DisableInterruptHandler" toml:"DisableInterruptHandler"`

    // DisablePathCorrection corrects and redirects or executes directly the handler of
    // the requested path to the registered path
    // for example, if /home/ path is requested but no handler for this Route found,
    // then the Router checks if /home handler exists, if yes,
    // (permant)redirects the client to the correct path /home.
    // See `DisablePathCorrectionRedirection` to enable direct handler execution instead of redirection.
    // Defaults to false.
    DisablePathCorrection bool `json:"disablePathCorrection,omitempty" yaml:"DisablePathCorrection" toml:"DisablePathCorrection"`

    // DisablePathCorrectionRedirection works whenever configuration.DisablePathCorrection is set to false
    // and if DisablePathCorrectionRedirection set to true then it will fire the handler of the matching route without
    // the last slash ("/") instead of send a redirection status.
    // Defaults to false.
    DisablePathCorrectionRedirection bool `json:"disablePathCorrectionRedirection,omitempty" yaml:"DisablePathCorrectionRedirection" toml:"DisablePathCorrectionRedirection"`

    // EnablePathEscape when is true then its escapes the path, the named parameters (if any).
    // Change to false it if you want something like this to work
    // When do you need to Disable(false) it:
    // accepts parameters with slash '/'
    // Request: http://localhost:8080/details/Project%2FDelta
    // ctx.Param("project") returns the raw named parameter: Project%2FDelta
    // which you can escape it manually with net/url:
    // projectName, _ := url.QueryUnescape(c.Param("project").
    // Defaults to false.
    EnablePathEscape bool `json:"enablePathEscape,omitempty" yaml:"EnablePathEscape" toml:"EnablePathEscape"`

    // EnableOptimization when this field is true
    // then the application tries to optimize for the best performance where is possible.
    // Defaults to false.
    EnableOptimizations bool `json:"enableOptimizations,omitempty" yaml:"EnableOptimizations" toml:"EnableOptimizations"`
    // FireMethodNotAllowed if it's true router checks for StatusMethodNotAllowed(405) and
    //  fires the 405 error instead of 404
    // Defaults to false.
    FireMethodNotAllowed bool `json:"fireMethodNotAllowed,omitempty" yaml:"FireMethodNotAllowed" toml:"FireMethodNotAllowed"`

    // DisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal manages the reading behavior of the context's body readers/binders.
    // If set to true then it
    // disables the body consumption by the `context.UnmarshalBody/ReadJSON/ReadXML`.
    // By-default io.ReadAll` is used to read the body from the `context.Request.Body which is an `io.ReadCloser`,
    // if this field set to true then a new buffer will be created to read from and the request body.
    // The body will not be changed and existing data before the
    // context.UnmarshalBody/ReadJSON/ReadXML will be not consumed.
    DisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal bool `json:"disableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal,omitempty" yaml:"DisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal" toml:"DisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal"`

    // DisableAutoFireStatusCode if true then it turns off the http error status code handler automatic execution
    // from (`context.StatusCodeNotSuccessful`, defaults to < 200 || >= 400).
    // If that is false then for a direct error firing, then call the "context#FireStatusCode(statusCode)" manually.
    // By-default a custom http error handler will be fired when "context.StatusCode(code)" called,
    // code should be equal with the result of the the `context.StatusCodeNotSuccessful` in order to be received as an "http error handler".
    // Developer may want this option to set as true in order to manually call the
    // error handlers when needed via "context#FireStatusCode(< 200 || >= 400)".
    // HTTP Custom error handlers are being registered via app.OnErrorCode(code, handler)".
    // Defaults to false.
    DisableAutoFireStatusCode bool `json:"disableAutoFireStatusCode,omitempty" yaml:"DisableAutoFireStatusCode" toml:"DisableAutoFireStatusCode"`

    // TimeFormat time format for any kind of datetime parsing
    // Defaults to  "Mon, 02 Jan 2006 15:04:05 GMT".
    TimeFormat string `json:"timeFormat,omitempty" yaml:"TimeFormat" toml:"TimeFormat"`

    // Charset character encoding for various rendering
    // used for templates and the rest of the responses
    // Defaults to "UTF-8".
    Charset string `json:"charset,omitempty" yaml:"Charset" toml:"Charset"`

    // PostMaxMemory sets the maximum post data size
    // that a client can send to the server, this differs
    // from the overral request body size which can be modified
    // by the `context#SetMaxRequestBodySize` or `iris#LimitRequestBodySize`.
    // Defaults to 32MB or 32 << 20 if you prefer.
    PostMaxMemory int64 `json:"postMaxMemory" yaml:"PostMaxMemory" toml:"PostMaxMemory"`

    // Context values' keys for various features.
    // TranslateLanguageContextKey & TranslateFunctionContextKey are used by i18n handlers/middleware
    // currently we have only one:
    // Defaults to "iris.translate" and "iris.language"
    TranslateFunctionContextKey string `json:"translateFunctionContextKey,omitempty" yaml:"TranslateFunctionContextKey" toml:"TranslateFunctionContextKey"`
    // TranslateLanguageContextKey used for i18n.
    // Defaults to "iris.language"
    TranslateLanguageContextKey string `json:"translateLanguageContextKey,omitempty" yaml:"TranslateLanguageContextKey" toml:"TranslateLanguageContextKey"`

    // GetViewLayoutContextKey is the key of the context's user values' key
    // which is being used to set the template
    // layout from a middleware or the main handler.
    // Overrides the parent's or the configuration's.
    // Defaults to "iris.ViewLayout"
    ViewLayoutContextKey string `json:"viewLayoutContextKey,omitempty" yaml:"ViewLayoutContextKey" toml:"ViewLayoutContextKey"`
    // GetViewDataContextKey is the key of the context's user values' key
    // which is being used to set the template
    // binding data from a middleware or the main handler.
    // Defaults to "iris.viewData"
    ViewDataContextKey string `json:"viewDataContextKey,omitempty" yaml:"ViewDataContextKey" toml:"ViewDataContextKey"`
    // RemoteAddrHeaders are the allowed request headers names
    // that can be valid to parse the client's IP based on.
    // By-default no "X-" header is consired safe to be used for retrieving the
    // client's IP address, because those headers can manually change by
    // the client. But sometimes are useful e.g., when behind a proxy
    // you want to enable the "X-Forwarded-For" or when cloudflare
    // you want to enable the "CF-Connecting-IP", inneed you
    // can allow the `ctx.RemoteAddr()` to use any header
    // that the client may sent.
    // Defaults to an empty map but an example usage is:
    // RemoteAddrHeaders {
    //	"X-Real-Ip":             true,
    //  "X-Forwarded-For":       true,
    // 	"CF-Connecting-IP": 	 true,
    //	}
    // Look `context.RemoteAddr()` for more.
    RemoteAddrHeaders map[string]bool `json:"remoteAddrHeaders,omitempty" yaml:"RemoteAddrHeaders" toml:"RemoteAddrHeaders"`

    // Other are the custom, dynamic options, can be empty.
    // This field used only by you to set any app's options you want.
    // Defaults to a non-nil empty map.
    Other map[string]interface{} `json:"other,omitempty" yaml:"Other" toml:"Other"`
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

Configuration the whole configuration for an iris instance these can be passed via options also, look at the top of this file(configuration.go). Configuration is a valid OptionSetter.

func DefaultConfiguration Uses

func DefaultConfiguration() Configuration

DefaultConfiguration returns the default configuration for an iris station, fills the main Configuration

func TOML Uses

func TOML(filename string) Configuration

TOML reads Configuration from a toml-compatible document file. Read more about toml's implementation at:

Accepts the absolute path of the configuration file. An error will be shown to the user via panic with the error message. Error may occur when the file doesn't exists or is not formatted correctly.

Note: if the char '~' passed as "filename" then it tries to load and return the configuration from the $home_directory + iris.tml, see `WithGlobalConfiguration` for more information.

Usage: app.Configure(iris.WithConfiguration(iris.TOML("myconfig.tml"))) or app.Run([iris.Runner], iris.WithConfiguration(iris.TOML("myconfig.tml"))).

func YAML Uses

func YAML(filename string) Configuration

YAML reads Configuration from a configuration.yml file.

Accepts the absolute path of the cfg.yml. An error will be shown to the user via panic with the error message. Error may occur when the cfg.yml doesn't exists or is not formatted correctly.

Note: if the char '~' passed as "filename" then it tries to load and return the configuration from the $home_directory + iris.yml, see `WithGlobalConfiguration` for more information.

Usage: app.Configure(iris.WithConfiguration(iris.YAML("myconfig.yml"))) or app.Run([iris.Runner], iris.WithConfiguration(iris.YAML("myconfig.yml"))).

func (Configuration) GetCharset Uses

func (c Configuration) GetCharset() string

GetCharset returns the Configuration#Charset, the character encoding for various rendering used for templates and the rest of the responses.

func (Configuration) GetDisableAutoFireStatusCode Uses

func (c Configuration) GetDisableAutoFireStatusCode() bool

GetDisableAutoFireStatusCode returns the Configuration#DisableAutoFireStatusCode. Returns true when the http error status code handler automatic execution turned off.

func (Configuration) GetDisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal Uses

func (c Configuration) GetDisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal() bool

GetDisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal returns the Configuration#GetDisableBodyConsumptionOnUnmarshal, manages the reading behavior of the context's body readers/binders. If returns true then the body consumption by the `context.UnmarshalBody/ReadJSON/ReadXML` is disabled.

By-default io.ReadAll` is used to read the body from the `context.Request.Body which is an `io.ReadCloser`, if this field set to true then a new buffer will be created to read from and the request body. The body will not be changed and existing data before the context.UnmarshalBody/ReadJSON/ReadXML will be not consumed.

func (Configuration) GetDisablePathCorrection Uses

func (c Configuration) GetDisablePathCorrection() bool

GetDisablePathCorrection returns the Configuration#DisablePathCorrection, DisablePathCorrection corrects and redirects the requested path to the registered path for example, if /home/ path is requested but no handler for this Route found, then the Router checks if /home handler exists, if yes, (permant)redirects the client to the correct path /home.

func (Configuration) GetDisablePathCorrectionRedirection Uses

func (c Configuration) GetDisablePathCorrectionRedirection() bool

GetDisablePathCorrectionRedirection returns the Configuration#DisablePathCorrectionRedirection field. If DisablePathCorrectionRedirection set to true then it will fire the handler of the matching route without the last slash ("/") instead of send a redirection status.

func (Configuration) GetEnableOptimizations Uses

func (c Configuration) GetEnableOptimizations() bool

GetEnableOptimizations returns whether the application has performance optimizations enabled.

func (Configuration) GetEnablePathEscape Uses

func (c Configuration) GetEnablePathEscape() bool

GetEnablePathEscape is the Configuration#EnablePathEscape, returns true when its escapes the path, the named parameters (if any).

func (Configuration) GetFireMethodNotAllowed Uses

func (c Configuration) GetFireMethodNotAllowed() bool

GetFireMethodNotAllowed returns the Configuration#FireMethodNotAllowed.

func (Configuration) GetOther Uses

func (c Configuration) GetOther() map[string]interface{}

GetOther returns the Configuration#Other map.

func (Configuration) GetPostMaxMemory Uses

func (c Configuration) GetPostMaxMemory() int64

GetPostMaxMemory returns the maximum configured post data size that a client can send to the server, this differs from the overral request body size which can be modified by the `context#SetMaxRequestBodySize` or `iris#LimitRequestBodySize`.

Defaults to 32MB or 32 << 20 if you prefer.

func (Configuration) GetRemoteAddrHeaders Uses

func (c Configuration) GetRemoteAddrHeaders() map[string]bool

GetRemoteAddrHeaders returns the allowed request headers names that can be valid to parse the client's IP based on. By-default no "X-" header is consired safe to be used for retrieving the client's IP address, because those headers can manually change by the client. But sometimes are useful e.g., when behind a proxy you want to enable the "X-Forwarded-For" or when cloudflare you want to enable the "CF-Connecting-IP", inneed you can allow the `ctx.RemoteAddr()` to use any header that the client may sent.

Defaults to an empty map but an example usage is: RemoteAddrHeaders {

	"X-Real-Ip":             true,
 "X-Forwarded-For":       true,
	"CF-Connecting-IP": 	 true,

Look `context.RemoteAddr()` for more.

func (Configuration) GetTimeFormat Uses

func (c Configuration) GetTimeFormat() string

GetTimeFormat returns the Configuration#TimeFormat, format for any kind of datetime parsing.

func (Configuration) GetTranslateFunctionContextKey Uses

func (c Configuration) GetTranslateFunctionContextKey() string

GetTranslateFunctionContextKey returns the configuration's TranslateFunctionContextKey value, used for i18n.

func (Configuration) GetTranslateLanguageContextKey Uses

func (c Configuration) GetTranslateLanguageContextKey() string

GetTranslateLanguageContextKey returns the configuration's TranslateLanguageContextKey value, used for i18n.

func (Configuration) GetVHost Uses

func (c Configuration) GetVHost() string

GetVHost returns the non-exported vhost config field.

If original addr ended with :443 or :80, it will return the host without the port. If original addr was :https or :http, it will return localhost. If original addr was, it will return localhost.

func (Configuration) GetViewDataContextKey Uses

func (c Configuration) GetViewDataContextKey() string

GetViewDataContextKey returns the key of the context's user values' key which is being used to set the template binding data from a middleware or the main handler.

func (Configuration) GetViewLayoutContextKey Uses

func (c Configuration) GetViewLayoutContextKey() string

GetViewLayoutContextKey returns the key of the context's user values' key which is being used to set the template layout from a middleware or the main handler. Overrides the parent's or the configuration's.

type Configurator Uses

type Configurator func(*Application)

Configurator is just an interface which accepts the framework instance.

It can be used to register a custom configuration with `Configure` in order to modify the framework instance.

Currently Configurator is being used to describe the configuration's fields values.

func WithCharset Uses

func WithCharset(charset string) Configurator

WithCharset sets the Charset setting.

See `Configuration`.

func WithConfiguration Uses

func WithConfiguration(c Configuration) Configurator

WithConfiguration sets the "c" values to the framework's configurations.

Usage: app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithConfiguration(iris.Configuration{/* fields here */ })) or iris.WithConfiguration(iris.YAML("./cfg/iris.yml")) or iris.WithConfiguration(iris.TOML("./cfg/iris.tml"))

func WithOtherValue Uses

func WithOtherValue(key string, val interface{}) Configurator

WithOtherValue adds a value based on a key to the Other setting.

See `Configuration`.

func WithPostMaxMemory Uses

func WithPostMaxMemory(limit int64) Configurator

WithPostMaxMemory sets the maximum post data size that a client can send to the server, this differs from the overral request body size which can be modified by the `context#SetMaxRequestBodySize` or `iris#LimitRequestBodySize`.

Defaults to 32MB or 32 << 20 if you prefer.

func WithRemoteAddrHeader Uses

func WithRemoteAddrHeader(headerName string) Configurator

WithRemoteAddrHeader enables or adds a new or existing request header name that can be used to validate the client's real IP.

By-default no "X-" header is consired safe to be used for retrieving the client's IP address, because those headers can manually change by the client. But sometimes are useful e.g., when behind a proxy you want to enable the "X-Forwarded-For" or when cloudflare you want to enable the "CF-Connecting-IP", inneed you can allow the `ctx.RemoteAddr()` to use any header that the client may sent.

Defaults to an empty map but an example usage is: WithRemoteAddrHeader("X-Forwarded-For")

Look `context.RemoteAddr()` for more.

func WithTimeFormat Uses

func WithTimeFormat(timeformat string) Configurator

WithTimeFormat sets the TimeFormat setting.

See `Configuration`.

func WithoutRemoteAddrHeader Uses

func WithoutRemoteAddrHeader(headerName string) Configurator

WithoutRemoteAddrHeader disables an existing request header name that can be used to validate and parse the client's real IP.

Keep note that RemoteAddrHeaders is already defaults to an empty map so you don't have to call this Configurator if you didn't add allowed headers via configuration or via `WithRemoteAddrHeader` before.

Look `context.RemoteAddr()` for more.

func WithoutServerError Uses

func WithoutServerError(errors ...error) Configurator

WithoutServerError will cause to ignore the matched "errors" from the main application's `Run` function.

Usage: err := app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithoutServerError(iris.ErrServerClosed)) will return `nil` if the server's error was `http/iris#ErrServerClosed`.

See `Configuration#IgnoreServerErrors []string` too.


type Context Uses

type Context = context.Context

Context is the midle-man server's "object" for the clients.

A New context is being acquired from a sync.Pool on each connection. The Context is the most important thing on the iris's http flow.

Developers send responses to the client's request through a Context. Developers get request information from the client's request by a Context.

type CookieOption Uses

type CookieOption = context.CookieOption

CookieOption is the type of function that is accepted on context's methods like `SetCookieKV`, `RemoveCookie` and `SetCookie` as their (last) variadic input argument to amend the end cookie's form.

Any custom or built'n `CookieOption` is valid, see `CookiePath`, `CookieCleanPath`, `CookieExpires` and `CookieHTTPOnly` for more.

An alias for the `context/Context#CookieOption`.

type ExecutionOptions Uses

type ExecutionOptions = router.ExecutionOptions

ExecutionOptions is a set of default behaviors that can be changed in order to customize the execution flow of the routes' handlers with ease.

See `ExecutionRules` and `core/router/Party#SetExecutionRules` for more.

type ExecutionRules Uses

type ExecutionRules = router.ExecutionRules

ExecutionRules gives control to the execution of the route handlers outside of the handlers themselves. Usage: Party#SetExecutionRules(ExecutionRules {

Done: ExecutionOptions{Force: true},


See `core/router/Party#SetExecutionRules` for more. Example:

type Handler Uses

type Handler = context.Handler

A Handler responds to an HTTP request. It writes reply headers and data to the Context.ResponseWriter() and then return. Returning signals that the request is finished; it is not valid to use the Context after or concurrently with the completion of the Handler call.

Depending on the HTTP client software, HTTP protocol version, and any intermediaries between the client and the iris server, it may not be possible to read from the Context.Request().Body after writing to the context.ResponseWriter(). Cautious handlers should read the Context.Request().Body first, and then reply.

Except for reading the body, handlers should not modify the provided Context.

If Handler panics, the server (the caller of Handler) assumes that the effect of the panic was isolated to the active request. It recovers the panic, logs a stack trace to the server error log, and hangs up the connection.

type Map Uses

type Map = context.Map

A Map is a shortcut of the map[string]interface{}.

type Party Uses

type Party = router.Party

Party is just a group joiner of routes which have the same prefix and share same middleware(s) also. Party could also be named as 'Join' or 'Node' or 'Group' , Party chosen because it is fun.

Look the `core/router#APIBuilder` for its implementation.

A shortcut for the `core/router#Party`, useful when `PartyFunc` is being used.

type Runner Uses

type Runner func(*Application) error

Runner is just an interface which accepts the framework instance and returns an error.

It can be used to register a custom runner with `Run` in order to set the framework's server listen action.

Currently Runner is being used to declare the built'n server listeners.

See `Run` for more.

func Addr Uses

func Addr(addr string, hostConfigs Runner

Addr can be used as an argument for the `Run` method. It accepts a host address which is used to build a server and a listener which listens on that host and port.

Addr should have the form of [host]:port, i.e localhost:8080 or :8080.

Second argument is optional, it accepts one or more `func(*host.Configurator)` that are being executed on that specific host that this function will create to start the server. Via host configurators you can configure the back-end host supervisor, i.e to add events for shutdown, serve or error. An example of this use case can be found at: Look at the `ConfigureHost` too.

See `Run` for more.

func AutoTLS Uses

func AutoTLS(
    addr string,
    domain string, email string,
    hostConfigs Runner

AutoTLS can be used as an argument for the `Run` method. It will start the Application's secure server using certifications created on the fly by the "autocert" golang/x package, so localhost may not be working, use it at "production" machine.

Addr should have the form of [host]:port, i.e

The whitelisted domains are separated by whitespace in "domain" argument, i.e "", can be different than "addr". If empty, all hosts are currently allowed. This is not recommended, as it opens a potential attack where clients connect to a server by IP address and pretend to be asking for an incorrect host name. Manager will attempt to obtain a certificate for that host, incorrectly, eventually reaching the CA's rate limit for certificate requests and making it impossible to obtain actual certificates.

For an "e-mail" use a non-public one, letsencrypt needs that for your own security.

Note: `AutoTLS` will start a new server for you which will redirect all http versions to their https, including subdomains as well.

Last argument is optional, it accepts one or more `func(*host.Configurator)` that are being executed on that specific host that this function will create to start the server. Via host configurators you can configure the back-end host supervisor, i.e to add events for shutdown, serve or error. An example of this use case can be found at: Look at the `ConfigureHost` too.

Usage: app.Run(iris.AutoTLS("", "", ""))

See `Run` and `core/host/Supervisor#ListenAndServeAutoTLS` for more.

func Listener Uses

func Listener(l net.Listener, hostConfigs Runner

Listener can be used as an argument for the `Run` method. It can start a server with a custom net.Listener via server's `Serve`.

Second argument is optional, it accepts one or more `func(*host.Configurator)` that are being executed on that specific host that this function will create to start the server. Via host configurators you can configure the back-end host supervisor, i.e to add events for shutdown, serve or error. An example of this use case can be found at: Look at the `ConfigureHost` too.

See `Run` for more.

func Raw Uses

func Raw(f func() error) Runner

Raw can be used as an argument for the `Run` method. It accepts any (listen) function that returns an error, this function should be block and return an error only when the server exited or a fatal error caused.

With this option you're not limited to the servers that iris can run by-default.

See `Run` for more.

func Server Uses

func Server(srv *http.Server, hostConfigs Runner

Server can be used as an argument for the `Run` method. It can start a server with a *http.Server.

Second argument is optional, it accepts one or more `func(*host.Configurator)` that are being executed on that specific host that this function will create to start the server. Via host configurators you can configure the back-end host supervisor, i.e to add events for shutdown, serve or error. An example of this use case can be found at: Look at the `ConfigureHost` too.

See `Run` for more.

func TLS Uses

func TLS(addr string, certFile, keyFile string, hostConfigs Runner

TLS can be used as an argument for the `Run` method. It will start the Application's secure server.

Use it like you used to use the http.ListenAndServeTLS function.

Addr should have the form of [host]:port, i.e localhost:443 or :443. CertFile & KeyFile should be filenames with their extensions.

Second argument is optional, it accepts one or more `func(*host.Configurator)` that are being executed on that specific host that this function will create to start the server. Via host configurators you can configure the back-end host supervisor, i.e to add events for shutdown, serve or error. An example of this use case can be found at: Look at the `ConfigureHost` too.

See `Run` for more.

type Supervisor Uses

type Supervisor = host.Supervisor

Supervisor is a shortcut of the `host#Supervisor`. Used to add supervisor configurators on common Runners without the need of importing the `core/host` package.

type UnmarshalerFunc Uses

type UnmarshalerFunc = context.UnmarshalerFunc

UnmarshalerFunc a shortcut, an alias for the `context#UnmarshalerFunc` type which implements the `context#Unmarshaler` interface for reading request's body via custom decoders, most of them already implement the `context#UnmarshalerFunc` like the json.Unmarshal, xml.Unmarshal, yaml.Unmarshal and every library which follows the best practises and is aligned with the Go standards.

See 'context#UnmarshalBody` for more.



cache/rulesetPackage ruleset provides the basics rules which are being extended by rules.
core/memstorePackage memstore contains a store which is just a collection of key-value entries with immutability capabilities.
hero/diPackage di provides dependency injection for the Iris Hero and Iris MVC new features.
macro/handlerPackage handler is the highest level module of the macro package which makes use the rest of the macro package, it is mainly used, internally, by the router package.
middleware/basicauthPackage basicauth provides http basic authentication via middleware.
middleware/i18nPackage i18n provides internalization and localization via middleware.
middleware/loggerPackage logger provides request logging via middleware.
middleware/pprofPackage pprof provides native pprof support via middleware.
middleware/recoverPackage recover provides recovery for specific routes or for the whole app via middleware.
typescriptPackage typescript provides a typescript compiler with hot-reloader and optionally a cloud-based editor, called 'alm-tools'.
websocketPackage websocket provides rich websocket support for the iris web framework.

Package iris imports 25 packages (graph) and is imported by 709 packages. Updated 2019-07-14. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.