Package httplex contains rules around lexical matters of various HTTP-related specifications.
This package is shared by the standard library (which vendors it) and x/net/http2. It comes with no API stability promise.
HeaderValuesContainsToken reports whether any string in values contains the provided token, ASCII case-insensitively.
PunycodeHostPort returns the IDNA Punycode version of the provided "host" or "host:port" string.
ValidHeaderFieldName reports whether v is a valid HTTP/1.x header name. HTTP/2 imposes the additional restriction that uppercase ASCII letters are not allowed.
RFC 7230 says: header-field = field-name ":" OWS field-value OWS field-name = token token = 1*tchar tchar = "!" / "#" / "$" / "%" / "&" / "'" / "*" / "+" / "-" / "." / "^" / "_" / "`" / "|" / "~" / DIGIT / ALPHA
ValidHeaderFieldValue reports whether v is a valid "field-value" according to http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec4.html#sec4.2 :
message-header = field-name ":" [ field-value ] field-value = *( field-content | LWS ) field-content = <the OCTETs making up the field-value and consisting of either *TEXT or combinations of token, separators, and quoted-string>
TEXT = <any OCTET except CTLs, but including LWS> LWS = [CRLF] 1*( SP | HT ) CTL = <any US-ASCII control character (octets 0 - 31) and DEL (127)>
RFC 7230 says:
field-value = *( field-content / obs-fold ) obj-fold = N/A to http2, and deprecated field-content = field-vchar [ 1*( SP / HTAB ) field-vchar ] field-vchar = VCHAR / obs-text obs-text = %x80-FF VCHAR = "any visible [USASCII] character"
http2 further says: "Similarly, HTTP/2 allows header field values that are not valid. While most of the values that can be encoded will not alter header field parsing, carriage return (CR, ASCII 0xd), line feed (LF, ASCII 0xa), and the zero character (NUL, ASCII 0x0) might be exploited by an attacker if they are translated verbatim. Any request or response that contains a character not permitted in a header field value MUST be treated as malformed (Section 22.214.171.124). Valid characters are defined by the field-content ABNF rule in Section 3.2 of [RFC7230]."
This function does not (yet?) properly handle the rejection of strings that begin or end with SP or HTAB.
ValidHostHeader reports whether h is a valid host header.