Go: encoding/binary Index | Examples | Files

package binary

import "encoding/binary"

Package binary implements simple translation between numbers and byte sequences and encoding and decoding of varints.

Numbers are translated by reading and writing fixed-size values. A fixed-size value is either a fixed-size arithmetic type (bool, int8, uint8, int16, float32, complex64, ...) or an array or struct containing only fixed-size values.

The varint functions encode and decode single integer values using a variable-length encoding; smaller values require fewer bytes. For a specification, see https://developers.google.com/protocol-buffers/docs/encoding.

This package favors simplicity over efficiency. Clients that require high-performance serialization, especially for large data structures, should look at more advanced solutions such as the encoding/gob package or protocol buffers.

Index

Examples

Package Files

binary.go varint.go

Constants

const (
    MaxVarintLen16 = 3
    MaxVarintLen32 = 5
    MaxVarintLen64 = 10
)

MaxVarintLenN is the maximum length of a varint-encoded N-bit integer.

Variables

var BigEndian bigEndian

BigEndian is the big-endian implementation of ByteOrder.

var LittleEndian littleEndian

LittleEndian is the little-endian implementation of ByteOrder.

func PutUvarint Uses

func PutUvarint(buf []byte, x uint64) int

PutUvarint encodes a uint64 into buf and returns the number of bytes written. If the buffer is too small, PutUvarint will panic.

func PutVarint Uses

func PutVarint(buf []byte, x int64) int

PutVarint encodes an int64 into buf and returns the number of bytes written. If the buffer is too small, PutVarint will panic.

func Read Uses

func Read(r io.Reader, order ByteOrder, data interface{}) error

Read reads structured binary data from r into data. Data must be a pointer to a fixed-size value or a slice of fixed-size values. Bytes read from r are decoded using the specified byte order and written to successive fields of the data. When decoding boolean values, a zero byte is decoded as false, and any other non-zero byte is decoded as true. When reading into structs, the field data for fields with blank (_) field names is skipped; i.e., blank field names may be used for padding. When reading into a struct, all non-blank fields must be exported.

The error is EOF only if no bytes were read. If an EOF happens after reading some but not all the bytes, Read returns ErrUnexpectedEOF.

Code:play 

var pi float64
b := []byte{0x18, 0x2d, 0x44, 0x54, 0xfb, 0x21, 0x09, 0x40}
buf := bytes.NewReader(b)
err := binary.Read(buf, binary.LittleEndian, &pi)
if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("binary.Read failed:", err)
}
fmt.Print(pi)

Output:

3.141592653589793

func ReadUvarint Uses

func ReadUvarint(r io.ByteReader) (uint64, error)

ReadUvarint reads an encoded unsigned integer from r and returns it as a uint64.

func ReadVarint Uses

func ReadVarint(r io.ByteReader) (int64, error)

ReadVarint reads an encoded signed integer from r and returns it as an int64.

func Size Uses

func Size(v interface{}) int

Size returns how many bytes Write would generate to encode the value v, which must be a fixed-size value or a slice of fixed-size values, or a pointer to such data. If v is neither of these, Size returns -1.

func Uvarint Uses

func Uvarint(buf []byte) (uint64, int)

Uvarint decodes a uint64 from buf and returns that value and the number of bytes read (> 0). If an error occurred, the value is 0 and the number of bytes n is <= 0 meaning:

	n == 0: buf too small
	n  < 0: value larger than 64 bits (overflow)
             and -n is the number of bytes read

func Varint Uses

func Varint(buf []byte) (int64, int)

Varint decodes an int64 from buf and returns that value and the number of bytes read (> 0). If an error occurred, the value is 0 and the number of bytes n is <= 0 with the following meaning:

	n == 0: buf too small
	n  < 0: value larger than 64 bits (overflow)
             and -n is the number of bytes read

func Write Uses

func Write(w io.Writer, order ByteOrder, data interface{}) error

Write writes the binary representation of data into w. Data must be a fixed-size value or a slice of fixed-size values, or a pointer to such data. Boolean values encode as one byte: 1 for true, and 0 for false. Bytes written to w are encoded using the specified byte order and read from successive fields of the data. When writing structs, zero values are written for fields with blank (_) field names.

Code:play 

buf := new(bytes.Buffer)
var pi float64 = math.Pi
err := binary.Write(buf, binary.LittleEndian, pi)
if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("binary.Write failed:", err)
}
fmt.Printf("% x", buf.Bytes())

Output:

18 2d 44 54 fb 21 09 40

Code:play 

buf := new(bytes.Buffer)
var data = []interface{}{
    uint16(61374),
    int8(-54),
    uint8(254),
}
for _, v := range data {
    err := binary.Write(buf, binary.LittleEndian, v)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("binary.Write failed:", err)
    }
}
fmt.Printf("%x", buf.Bytes())

Output:

beefcafe

type ByteOrder Uses

type ByteOrder interface {
    Uint16([]byte) uint16
    Uint32([]byte) uint32
    Uint64([]byte) uint64
    PutUint16([]byte, uint16)
    PutUint32([]byte, uint32)
    PutUint64([]byte, uint64)
    String() string
}

A ByteOrder specifies how to convert byte sequences into 16-, 32-, or 64-bit unsigned integers.

Package binary imports 4 packages (graph) and is imported by 10986 packages. Updated 2017-04-08. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.