ozzo-routing: github.com/go-ozzo/ozzo-routing Index | Examples | Files | Directories

package routing

import "github.com/go-ozzo/ozzo-routing"

Package routing provides high performance and powerful HTTP routing capabilities.

Code:

router := routing.New()

router.Use(
    // all these handlers are shared by every route
    access.Logger(log.Printf),
    slash.Remover(http.StatusMovedPermanently),
    fault.Recovery(log.Printf),
)

// serve RESTful APIs
api := router.Group("/api")
api.Use(
    // these handlers are shared by the routes in the api group only
    content.TypeNegotiator(content.JSON, content.XML),
)
api.Get("/users", func(c *routing.Context) error {
    return c.Write("user list")
})
api.Post("/users", func(c *routing.Context) error {
    return c.Write("create a new user")
})
api.Put(`/users/<id:\d+>`, func(c *routing.Context) error {
    return c.Write("update user " + c.Param("id"))
})

// serve index file
router.Get("/", file.Content("ui/index.html"))
// serve files under the "ui" subdirectory
router.Get("/*", file.Server(file.PathMap{
    "/": "/ui/",
}))

http.Handle("/", router)
http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)

Index

Examples

Package Files

context.go error.go group.go reader.go route.go router.go store.go writer.go

Constants

const (
    MIME_JSON           = "application/json"
    MIME_XML            = "application/xml"
    MIME_XML2           = "text/xml"
    MIME_HTML           = "text/html"
    MIME_FORM           = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
    MIME_MULTIPART_FORM = "multipart/form-data"
)

MIME types used when doing request data reading and response data writing.

Variables

var Methods = []string{
    "CONNECT",
    "DELETE",
    "GET",
    "HEAD",
    "OPTIONS",
    "PATCH",
    "POST",
    "PUT",
    "TRACE",
}

Methods lists all supported HTTP methods by Router.

func MethodNotAllowedHandler Uses

func MethodNotAllowedHandler(c *Context) error

MethodNotAllowedHandler handles the situation when a request has matching route without matching HTTP method. In this case, the handler will respond with an Allow HTTP header listing the allowed HTTP methods. Otherwise, the handler will do nothing and let the next handler (usually a NotFoundHandler) to handle the problem.

func NotFoundHandler Uses

func NotFoundHandler(*Context) error

NotFoundHandler returns a 404 HTTP error indicating a request has no matching route.

func ReadFormData Uses

func ReadFormData(form map[string][]string, data interface{}) error

ReadFormData populates the data variable with the data from the given form values.

type Context Uses

type Context struct {
    Request  *http.Request       // the current request
    Response http.ResponseWriter // the response writer
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Context represents the contextual data and environment while processing an incoming HTTP request.

func NewContext Uses

func NewContext(res http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request, handlers ...Handler) *Context

NewContext creates a new Context object with the given response, request, and the handlers. This method is primarily provided for writing unit tests for handlers.

func (*Context) Abort Uses

func (c *Context) Abort()

Abort skips the rest of the handlers associated with the current route. Abort is normally used when a handler handles the request normally and wants to skip the rest of the handlers. If a handler wants to indicate an error condition, it should simply return the error without calling Abort.

func (*Context) Form Uses

func (c *Context) Form(key string, defaultValue ...string) string

Form returns the first value for the named component of the query. Form reads the value from POST and PUT body parameters as well as URL query parameters. The form takes precedence over the latter. If key is not present, it returns the specified default value or an empty string.

func (*Context) Get Uses

func (c *Context) Get(name string) interface{}

Get returns the named data item previously registered with the context by calling Set. If the named data item cannot be found, nil will be returned.

func (*Context) Next Uses

func (c *Context) Next() error

Next calls the rest of the handlers associated with the current route. If any of these handlers returns an error, Next will return the error and skip the following handlers. Next is normally used when a handler needs to do some postprocessing after the rest of the handlers are executed.

func (*Context) Param Uses

func (c *Context) Param(name string) string

Param returns the named parameter value that is found in the URL path matching the current route. If the named parameter cannot be found, an empty string will be returned.

func (*Context) PostForm Uses

func (c *Context) PostForm(key string, defaultValue ...string) string

PostForm returns the first value for the named component from POST and PUT body parameters. If key is not present, it returns the specified default value or an empty string.

func (*Context) Query Uses

func (c *Context) Query(name string, defaultValue ...string) string

Query returns the first value for the named component of the URL query parameters. If key is not present, it returns the specified default value or an empty string.

func (*Context) Read Uses

func (c *Context) Read(data interface{}) error

Read populates the given struct variable with the data from the current request. If the request is NOT a GET request, it will check the "Content-Type" header and find a matching reader from DataReaders to read the request data. If there is no match or if the request is a GET request, it will use DefaultFormDataReader to read the request data.

func (*Context) Router Uses

func (c *Context) Router() *Router

Router returns the Router that is handling the incoming HTTP request.

func (*Context) Set Uses

func (c *Context) Set(name string, value interface{})

Set stores the named data item in the context so that it can be retrieved later.

func (*Context) SetDataWriter Uses

func (c *Context) SetDataWriter(writer DataWriter)

SetDataWriter sets the data writer that will be used by Write().

func (*Context) SetParam Uses

func (c *Context) SetParam(name, value string)

SetParam sets the named parameter value. This method is primarily provided for writing unit tests.

func (*Context) URL Uses

func (c *Context) URL(route string, pairs ...interface{}) string

URL creates a URL using the named route and the parameter values. The parameters should be given in the sequence of name1, value1, name2, value2, and so on. If a parameter in the route is not provided a value, the parameter token will remain in the resulting URL. Parameter values will be properly URL encoded. The method returns an empty string if the URL creation fails.

func (*Context) Write Uses

func (c *Context) Write(data interface{}) error

Write writes the given data of arbitrary type to the response. The method calls the data writer set via SetDataWriter() to do the actual writing. By default, the DefaultDataWriter will be used.

type DataReader Uses

type DataReader interface {
    // Read reads from the given HTTP request and populate the specified data.
    Read(*http.Request, interface{}) error
}

DataReader is used by Context.Read() to read data from an HTTP request.

var (
    // DataReaders lists all supported content types and the corresponding data readers.
    // Context.Read() will choose a matching reader from this list according to the "Content-Type"
    // header from the current request.
    // You may modify this variable to add new supported content types.
    DataReaders = map[string]DataReader{
        MIME_FORM:           &FormDataReader{},
        MIME_MULTIPART_FORM: &FormDataReader{},
        MIME_JSON:           &JSONDataReader{},
        MIME_XML:            &XMLDataReader{},
        MIME_XML2:           &XMLDataReader{},
    }
    // DefaultFormDataReader is the reader used when there is no matching reader in DataReaders
    // or if the current request is a GET request.
    DefaultFormDataReader DataReader = &FormDataReader{}
)

type DataWriter Uses

type DataWriter interface {
    // SetHeader sets necessary response headers.
    SetHeader(http.ResponseWriter)
    // Write writes the given data into the response.
    Write(http.ResponseWriter, interface{}) error
}

DataWriter is used by Context.Write() to write arbitrary data into an HTTP response.

var DefaultDataWriter DataWriter = &dataWriter{}

DefaultDataWriter writes the given data in an HTTP response. If the data is neither string nor byte array, it will use fmt.Fprint() to write it into the response.

type FormDataReader Uses

type FormDataReader struct{}

FormDataReader reads the query parameters and request body as form data.

func (*FormDataReader) Read Uses

func (r *FormDataReader) Read(req *http.Request, data interface{}) error

type HTTPError Uses

type HTTPError interface {
    error
    // StatusCode returns the HTTP status code of the error
    StatusCode() int
}

HTTPError represents an HTTP error with HTTP status code and error message

func NewHTTPError Uses

func NewHTTPError(status int, message ...string) HTTPError

NewHTTPError creates a new HttpError instance. If the error message is not given, http.StatusText() will be called to generate the message based on the status code.

type Handler Uses

type Handler func(*Context) error

Handler is the function for handling HTTP requests.

func HTTPHandler Uses

func HTTPHandler(h http.Handler) Handler

HTTPHandler adapts a http.Handler into a routing.Handler.

func HTTPHandlerFunc Uses

func HTTPHandlerFunc(h http.HandlerFunc) Handler

HTTPHandlerFunc adapts a http.HandlerFunc into a routing.Handler.

type JSONDataReader Uses

type JSONDataReader struct{}

JSONDataReader reads the request body as JSON-formatted data.

func (*JSONDataReader) Read Uses

func (r *JSONDataReader) Read(req *http.Request, data interface{}) error

type Route Uses

type Route struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Route represents a URL path pattern that can be used to match requested URLs.

func (*Route) Connect Uses

func (r *Route) Connect(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Connect adds the route to the router using the CONNECT HTTP method.

func (*Route) Delete Uses

func (r *Route) Delete(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Delete adds the route to the router using the DELETE HTTP method.

func (*Route) Get Uses

func (r *Route) Get(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Get adds the route to the router using the GET HTTP method.

func (*Route) Head Uses

func (r *Route) Head(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Head adds the route to the router using the HEAD HTTP method.

func (*Route) Method Uses

func (r *Route) Method() string

Method returns the HTTP method that this route is associated with.

func (*Route) Name Uses

func (r *Route) Name(name string) *Route

Name sets the name of the route. This method will update the registration of the route in the router as well.

func (*Route) Options Uses

func (r *Route) Options(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Options adds the route to the router using the OPTIONS HTTP method.

func (*Route) Patch Uses

func (r *Route) Patch(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Patch adds the route to the router using the PATCH HTTP method.

func (*Route) Path Uses

func (r *Route) Path() string

Path returns the request path that this route should match.

func (*Route) Post Uses

func (r *Route) Post(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Post adds the route to the router using the POST HTTP method.

func (*Route) Put Uses

func (r *Route) Put(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Put adds the route to the router using the PUT HTTP method.

func (*Route) String Uses

func (r *Route) String() string

String returns the string representation of the route.

func (*Route) Tag Uses

func (r *Route) Tag(value interface{}) *Route

Tag associates some custom data with the route.

func (*Route) Tags Uses

func (r *Route) Tags() []interface{}

Tags returns all custom data associated with the route.

func (*Route) To Uses

func (r *Route) To(methods string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

To adds the route to the router with the given HTTP methods and handlers. Multiple HTTP methods should be separated by commas (without any surrounding spaces).

func (*Route) Trace Uses

func (r *Route) Trace(handlers ...Handler) *Route

Trace adds the route to the router using the TRACE HTTP method.

func (*Route) URL Uses

func (r *Route) URL(pairs ...interface{}) (s string)

URL creates a URL using the current route and the given parameters. The parameters should be given in the sequence of name1, value1, name2, value2, and so on. If a parameter in the route is not provided a value, the parameter token will remain in the resulting URL. The method will perform URL encoding for all given parameter values.

type RouteGroup Uses

type RouteGroup struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

RouteGroup represents a group of routes that share the same path prefix.

func (*RouteGroup) Any Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Any(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Any adds a route with the given route, handlers, and the HTTP methods as listed in routing.Methods.

func (*RouteGroup) Connect Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Connect(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Connect adds a CONNECT route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Delete Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Delete(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Delete adds a DELETE route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Get Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Get(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Get adds a GET route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Group Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Group(prefix string, handlers ...Handler) *RouteGroup

Group creates a RouteGroup with the given route path prefix and handlers. The new group will combine the existing path prefix with the new one. If no handler is provided, the new group will inherit the handlers registered with the current group.

func (*RouteGroup) Head Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Head(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Head adds a HEAD route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Options Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Options(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Options adds an OPTIONS route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Patch Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Patch(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Patch adds a PATCH route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Post Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Post(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Post adds a POST route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Put Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Put(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Put adds a PUT route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) To Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) To(methods, path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

To adds a route to the router with the given HTTP methods, route path, and handlers. Multiple HTTP methods should be separated by commas (without any surrounding spaces).

func (*RouteGroup) Trace Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Trace(path string, handlers ...Handler) *Route

Trace adds a TRACE route to the router with the given route path and handlers.

func (*RouteGroup) Use Uses

func (rg *RouteGroup) Use(handlers ...Handler)

Use registers one or multiple handlers to the current route group. These handlers will be shared by all routes belong to this group and its subgroups.

type Router Uses

type Router struct {
    RouteGroup
    IgnoreTrailingSlash bool // whether to ignore trailing slashes in the end of the request URL
    UseEscapedPath      bool // whether to use encoded URL instead of decoded URL to match routes
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Router manages routes and dispatches HTTP requests to the handlers of the matching routes.

func New Uses

func New() *Router

New creates a new Router object.

func (*Router) Find Uses

func (r *Router) Find(method, path string) (handlers []Handler, params map[string]string)

Find determines the handlers and parameters to use for a specified method and path.

func (*Router) NotFound Uses

func (r *Router) NotFound(handlers ...Handler)

NotFound specifies the handlers that should be invoked when the router cannot find any route matching a request. Note that the handlers registered via Use will be invoked first in this case.

func (*Router) Route Uses

func (r *Router) Route(name string) *Route

Route returns the named route. Nil is returned if the named route cannot be found.

func (*Router) Routes Uses

func (r *Router) Routes() []*Route

Routes returns all routes managed by the router.

func (*Router) ServeHTTP Uses

func (r *Router) ServeHTTP(res http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request)

ServeHTTP handles the HTTP request. It is required by http.Handler

func (*Router) Use Uses

func (r *Router) Use(handlers ...Handler)

Use appends the specified handlers to the router and shares them with all routes.

type XMLDataReader Uses

type XMLDataReader struct{}

XMLDataReader reads the request body as XML-formatted data.

func (*XMLDataReader) Read Uses

func (r *XMLDataReader) Read(req *http.Request, data interface{}) error

Directories

PathSynopsis
accessPackage access provides an access logging handler for the ozzo routing package.
authPackage auth provides a set of user authentication handlers for the ozzo routing package.
contentPackage content provides content negotiation handlers for the ozzo routing package.
corsPackage cors provides a handler for handling CORS.
faultPackage fault provides a panic and error handler for the ozzo routing package.
filePackage file provides handlers that serve static files for the ozzo routing package.
slashPackage slash provides a trailing slash remover handler for the ozzo routing package.

Package routing imports 14 packages (graph) and is imported by 65 packages. Updated 2018-02-10. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.