xid: github.com/rs/xid Index | Files | Directories

package xid

import "github.com/rs/xid"

Package xid is a globally unique id generator suited for web scale

Xid is using Mongo Object ID algorithm to generate globally unique ids: https://docs.mongodb.org/manual/reference/object-id/

- 4-byte value representing the seconds since the Unix epoch,
- 3-byte machine identifier,
- 2-byte process id, and
- 3-byte counter, starting with a random value.

The binary representation of the id is compatible with Mongo 12 bytes Object IDs. The string representation is using base32 hex (w/o padding) for better space efficiency when stored in that form (20 bytes). The hex variant of base32 is used to retain the sortable property of the id.

Xid doesn't use base64 because case sensitivity and the 2 non alphanum chars may be an issue when transported as a string between various systems. Base36 wasn't retained either because 1/ it's not standard 2/ the resulting size is not predictable (not bit aligned) and 3/ it would not remain sortable. To validate a base32 `xid`, expect a 20 chars long, all lowercase sequence of `a` to `v` letters and `0` to `9` numbers (`[0-9a-v]{20}`).

UUID is 16 bytes (128 bits), snowflake is 8 bytes (64 bits), xid stands in between with 12 bytes with a more compact string representation ready for the web and no required configuration or central generation server.


- Size: 12 bytes (96 bits), smaller than UUID, larger than snowflake
- Base32 hex encoded by default (16 bytes storage when transported as printable string)
- Non configured, you don't need set a unique machine and/or data center id
- K-ordered
- Embedded time with 1 second precision
- Unicity guaranteed for 16,777,216 (24 bits) unique ids per second and per host/process

Best used with xlog's RequestIDHandler (https://godoc.org/github.com/rs/xlog#RequestIDHandler).


- http://www.slideshare.net/davegardnerisme/unique-id-generation-in-distributed-systems
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universally_unique_identifier
- https://blog.twitter.com/2010/announcing-snowflake


Package Files

hostid_linux.go id.go


var (
    // ErrInvalidID is returned when trying to unmarshal an invalid ID
    ErrInvalidID = errors.New("xid: invalid ID")

func Sort Uses

func Sort(ids []ID)

Sort sorts an array of IDs inplace. It works by wrapping `[]ID` and use `sort.Sort`.

type ID Uses

type ID [rawLen]byte

ID represents a unique request id

func FromBytes Uses

func FromBytes(b []byte) (ID, error)

FromBytes convert the byte array representation of `ID` back to `ID`

func FromString Uses

func FromString(id string) (ID, error)

FromString reads an ID from its string representation

func New Uses

func New() ID

New generates a globally unique ID

func NewWithTime Uses

func NewWithTime(t time.Time) ID

NewWithTime generates a globally unique ID with the passed in time

func NilID Uses

func NilID() ID

NilID returns a zero value for `xid.ID`.

func (ID) Bytes Uses

func (id ID) Bytes() []byte

Bytes returns the byte array representation of `ID`

func (ID) Compare Uses

func (id ID) Compare(other ID) int

Compare returns an integer comparing two IDs. It behaves just like `bytes.Compare`. The result will be 0 if two IDs are identical, -1 if current id is less than the other one, and 1 if current id is greater than the other.

func (ID) Counter Uses

func (id ID) Counter() int32

Counter returns the incrementing value part of the id. It's a runtime error to call this method with an invalid id.

func (ID) Encode Uses

func (id ID) Encode(dst []byte) []byte

Encode encodes the id using base32 encoding, writing 20 bytes to dst and return it.

func (ID) IsNil Uses

func (id ID) IsNil() bool

IsNil Returns true if this is a "nil" ID

func (ID) Machine Uses

func (id ID) Machine() []byte

Machine returns the 3-byte machine id part of the id. It's a runtime error to call this method with an invalid id.

func (ID) MarshalJSON Uses

func (id ID) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON implements encoding/json Marshaler interface

func (ID) MarshalText Uses

func (id ID) MarshalText() ([]byte, error)

MarshalText implements encoding/text TextMarshaler interface

func (ID) Pid Uses

func (id ID) Pid() uint16

Pid returns the process id part of the id. It's a runtime error to call this method with an invalid id.

func (*ID) Scan Uses

func (id *ID) Scan(value interface{}) (err error)

Scan implements the sql.Scanner interface.

func (ID) String Uses

func (id ID) String() string

String returns a base32 hex lowercased with no padding representation of the id (char set is 0-9, a-v).

func (ID) Time Uses

func (id ID) Time() time.Time

Time returns the timestamp part of the id. It's a runtime error to call this method with an invalid id.

func (*ID) UnmarshalJSON Uses

func (id *ID) UnmarshalJSON(b []byte) error

UnmarshalJSON implements encoding/json Unmarshaler interface

func (*ID) UnmarshalText Uses

func (id *ID) UnmarshalText(text []byte) error

UnmarshalText implements encoding/text TextUnmarshaler interface

func (ID) Value Uses

func (id ID) Value() (driver.Value, error)

Value implements the driver.Valuer interface.



Package xid imports 14 packages (graph) and is imported by 316 packages. Updated 2020-09-05. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.