go: cloud.google.com/go/firestore Index | Examples | Files | Directories

package firestore

import "cloud.google.com/go/firestore"

Package firestore provides a client for reading and writing to a Cloud Firestore database.

See https://cloud.google.com/firestore/docs for an introduction to Cloud Firestore and additional help on using the Firestore API.

See https://godoc.org/cloud.google.com/go for authentication, timeouts, connection pooling and similar aspects of this package.

Note: you can't use both Cloud Firestore and Cloud Datastore in the same project.

Creating a Client

To start working with this package, create a client with a project ID:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "projectID")
if err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}

CollectionRefs and DocumentRefs

In Firestore, documents are sets of key-value pairs, and collections are groups of documents. A Firestore database consists of a hierarchy of alternating collections and documents, referred to by slash-separated paths like "States/California/Cities/SanFrancisco".

This client is built around references to collections and documents. CollectionRefs and DocumentRefs are lightweight values that refer to the corresponding database entities. Creating a ref does not involve any network traffic.

states := client.Collection("States")
ny := states.Doc("NewYork")
// Or, in a single call:
ny = client.Doc("States/NewYork")

Reading

Use DocumentRef.Get to read a document. The result is a DocumentSnapshot. Call its Data method to obtain the entire document contents as a map.

docsnap, err := ny.Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}
dataMap := docsnap.Data()
fmt.Println(dataMap)

You can also obtain a single field with DataAt, or extract the data into a struct with DataTo. With the type definition

type State struct {
	Capital    string  `firestore:"capital"`
	Population float64 `firestore:"pop"` // in millions
}

we can extract the document's data into a value of type State:

var nyData State
if err := docsnap.DataTo(&nyData); err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}

Note that this client supports struct tags beginning with "firestore:" that work like the tags of the encoding/json package, letting you rename fields, ignore them, or omit their values when empty.

To retrieve multiple documents from their references in a single call, use Client.GetAll.

docsnaps, err := client.GetAll(ctx, []*firestore.DocumentRef{
	states.Doc("Wisconsin"), states.Doc("Ohio"),
})
if err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}
for _, ds := range docsnaps {
	_ = ds // TODO: Use ds.
}

Writing

For writing individual documents, use the methods on DocumentReference. Create creates a new document.

wr, err := ny.Create(ctx, State{
	Capital:    "Albany",
	Population: 19.8,
})
if err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(wr)

The first return value is a WriteResult, which contains the time at which the document was updated.

Create fails if the document exists. Another method, Set, either replaces an existing document or creates a new one.

ca := states.Doc("California")
_, err = ca.Set(ctx, State{
	Capital:    "Sacramento",
	Population: 39.14,
})

To update some fields of an existing document, use Update. It takes a list of paths to update and their corresponding values.

_, err = ca.Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{{Path: "capital", Value: "Sacramento"}})

Use DocumentRef.Delete to delete a document.

_, err = ny.Delete(ctx)

Preconditions

You can condition Deletes or Updates on when a document was last changed. Specify these preconditions as an option to a Delete or Update method. The check and the write happen atomically with a single RPC.

docsnap, err = ca.Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}
_, err = ca.Update(ctx,
	[]firestore.Update{{Path: "capital", Value: "Sacramento"}},
	firestore.LastUpdateTime(docsnap.UpdateTime))

Here we update a doc only if it hasn't changed since we read it. You could also do this with a transaction.

To perform multiple writes at once, use a WriteBatch. Its methods chain for convenience.

WriteBatch.Commit sends the collected writes to the server, where they happen atomically.

writeResults, err := client.Batch().
	Create(ny, State{Capital: "Albany"}).
	Update(ca, []firestore.Update{{Path: "capital", Value: "Sacramento"}}).
	Delete(client.Doc("States/WestDakota")).
	Commit(ctx)

Queries

You can use SQL to select documents from a collection. Begin with the collection, and build up a query using Select, Where and other methods of Query.

q := states.Where("pop", ">", 10).OrderBy("pop", firestore.Desc)

Supported operators include `<`, `<=`, `>`, `>=`, `==`, and 'array-contains'.

Call the Query's Documents method to get an iterator, and use it like the other Google Cloud Client iterators.

iter := q.Documents(ctx)
defer iter.Stop()
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		// TODO: Handle error.
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}

To get all the documents in a collection, you can use the collection itself as a query.

iter = client.Collection("States").Documents(ctx)

Transactions

Use a transaction to execute reads and writes atomically. All reads must happen before any writes. Transaction creation, commit, rollback and retry are handled for you by the Client.RunTransaction method; just provide a function and use the read and write methods of the Transaction passed to it.

ny := client.Doc("States/NewYork")
err := client.RunTransaction(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, tx *firestore.Transaction) error {
	doc, err := tx.Get(ny) // tx.Get, NOT ny.Get!
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	pop, err := doc.DataAt("pop")
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	return tx.Update(ny, []firestore.Update{{Path: "pop", Value: pop.(float64) + 0.2}})
})
if err != nil {
	// TODO: Handle error.
}

Index

Examples

Package Files

client.go collref.go doc.go docref.go document.go fieldpath.go from_value.go options.go order.go query.go to_value.go transaction.go watch.go writebatch.go

Constants

const (
    // Delete is used as a value in a call to Update or Set with merge to indicate
    // that the corresponding key should be deleted.
    Delete sentinel = iota

    // ServerTimestamp is used as a value in a call to Update to indicate that the
    // key's value should be set to the time at which the server processed
    // the request.
    ServerTimestamp
)
const DefaultTransactionMaxAttempts = 5

DefaultTransactionMaxAttempts is the default number of times to attempt a transaction.

const DocumentID = "__name__"

DocumentID is the special field name representing the ID of a document in queries.

Variables

var LogWatchStreams bool = false

LogWatchStreams controls whether watch stream status changes are logged. This feature is EXPERIMENTAL and may disappear at any time.

var ReadOnly = ro{}

ReadOnly is a TransactionOption that makes the transaction read-only. Read-only transactions cannot issue write operations, but are more efficient.

func MaxAttempts Uses

func MaxAttempts(n int) maxAttempts

MaxAttempts is a TransactionOption that configures the maximum number of times to try a transaction. In defaults to DefaultTransactionMaxAttempts.

type Client Uses

type Client struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Client provides access to the Firestore service.

func NewClient Uses

func NewClient(ctx context.Context, projectID string, opts ...option.ClientOption) (*Client, error)

NewClient creates a new Firestore client that uses the given project.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close() // Close client when done.
_ = client           // TODO: Use client.

func (*Client) Batch Uses

func (c *Client) Batch() *WriteBatch

Batch returns a WriteBatch.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()
b := client.Batch()
_ = b // TODO: Use batch.

func (*Client) Close Uses

func (c *Client) Close() error

Close closes any resources held by the client.

Close need not be called at program exit.

func (*Client) Collection Uses

func (c *Client) Collection(path string) *CollectionRef

Collection creates a reference to a collection with the given path. A path is a sequence of IDs separated by slashes.

Collection returns nil if path contains an even number of IDs or any ID is empty.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()
coll1 := client.Collection("States")
coll2 := client.Collection("States/NewYork/Cities")
fmt.Println(coll1, coll2)

func (*Client) Collections Uses

func (c *Client) Collections(ctx context.Context) *CollectionIterator

Collections returns an interator over the top-level collections.

func (*Client) Doc Uses

func (c *Client) Doc(path string) *DocumentRef

Doc creates a reference to a document with the given path. A path is a sequence of IDs separated by slashes.

Doc returns nil if path contains an odd number of IDs or any ID is empty.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()
doc1 := client.Doc("States/NewYork")
doc2 := client.Doc("States/NewYork/Cities/Albany")
fmt.Println(doc1, doc2)

func (*Client) GetAll Uses

func (c *Client) GetAll(ctx context.Context, docRefs []*DocumentRef) ([]*DocumentSnapshot, error)

GetAll retrieves multiple documents with a single call. The DocumentSnapshots are returned in the order of the given DocumentRefs.

If a document is not present, the corresponding DocumentSnapshot's Exists method will return false.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()
docs, err := client.GetAll(ctx, []*firestore.DocumentRef{
    client.Doc("States/NorthCarolina"),
    client.Doc("States/SouthCarolina"),
    client.Doc("States/WestCarolina"),
    client.Doc("States/EastCarolina"),
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
// docs is a slice with four DocumentSnapshots, but the last two are
// nil because there is no West or East Carolina.
fmt.Println(docs)

func (*Client) RunTransaction Uses

func (c *Client) RunTransaction(ctx context.Context, f func(context.Context, *Transaction) error, opts ...TransactionOption) error

RunTransaction runs f in a transaction. f should use the transaction it is given for all Firestore operations. For any operation requiring a context, f should use the context it is passed, not the first argument to RunTransaction.

f must not call Commit or Rollback on the provided Transaction.

If f returns nil, RunTransaction commits the transaction. If the commit fails due to a conflicting transaction, RunTransaction retries f. It gives up and returns an error after a number of attempts that can be configured with the MaxAttempts option. If the commit succeeds, RunTransaction returns a nil error.

If f returns non-nil, then the transaction will be rolled back and this method will return the same error. The function f is not retried.

Note that when f returns, the transaction is not committed. Calling code must not assume that any of f's changes have been committed until RunTransaction returns nil.

Since f may be called more than once, f should usually be idempotent – that is, it should have the same result when called multiple times.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

nm := client.Doc("States/NewMexico")
err = client.RunTransaction(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, tx *firestore.Transaction) error {
    doc, err := tx.Get(nm) // tx.Get, NOT nm.Get!
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }
    pop, err := doc.DataAt("pop")
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }
    return tx.Update(nm, []firestore.Update{{Path: "pop", Value: pop.(float64) + 0.2}})
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}

type CollectionIterator Uses

type CollectionIterator struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

CollectionIterator is an iterator over sub-collections of a document.

func (*CollectionIterator) GetAll Uses

func (it *CollectionIterator) GetAll() ([]*CollectionRef, error)

GetAll returns all the collections remaining from the iterator.

func (*CollectionIterator) Next Uses

func (it *CollectionIterator) Next() (*CollectionRef, error)

Next returns the next result. Its second return value is iterator.Done if there are no more results. Once Next returns Done, all subsequent calls will return Done.

func (*CollectionIterator) PageInfo Uses

func (it *CollectionIterator) PageInfo() *iterator.PageInfo

PageInfo supports pagination. See the google.golang.org/api/iterator package for details.

type CollectionRef Uses

type CollectionRef struct {

    // Parent is the document of which this collection is a part. It is
    // nil for top-level collections.
    Parent *DocumentRef

    // The full resource path of the collection: "projects/P/databases/D/documents..."
    Path string

    // ID is the collection identifier.
    ID  string

    // Use the methods of Query on a CollectionRef to create and run queries.
    Query
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A CollectionRef is a reference to Firestore collection.

func (*CollectionRef) Add Uses

func (c *CollectionRef) Add(ctx context.Context, data interface{}) (*DocumentRef, *WriteResult, error)

Add generates a DocumentRef with a unique ID. It then creates the document with the given data, which can be a map[string]interface{}, a struct or a pointer to a struct.

Add returns an error in the unlikely event that a document with the same ID already exists.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

doc, wr, err := client.Collection("Users").Add(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
    "name":  "Alice",
    "email": "aj@example.com",
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(doc, wr)

func (*CollectionRef) Doc Uses

func (c *CollectionRef) Doc(id string) *DocumentRef

Doc returns a DocumentRef that refers to the document in the collection with the given identifier.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

fl := client.Collection("States").Doc("Florida")
ta := client.Collection("States").Doc("Florida/Cities/Tampa")

fmt.Println(fl, ta)

func (*CollectionRef) NewDoc Uses

func (c *CollectionRef) NewDoc() *DocumentRef

NewDoc returns a DocumentRef with a uniquely generated ID.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

doc := client.Collection("Users").NewDoc()

fmt.Println(doc)

type Direction Uses

type Direction int32

Direction is the sort direction for result ordering.

const (
    // Asc sorts results from smallest to largest.
    Asc Direction = Direction(pb.StructuredQuery_ASCENDING)

    // Desc sorts results from largest to smallest.
    Desc Direction = Direction(pb.StructuredQuery_DESCENDING)
)

type DocumentChange Uses

type DocumentChange struct {
    Kind DocumentChangeKind
    Doc  *DocumentSnapshot
    // The zero-based index of the document in the sequence of query results prior to this change,
    // or -1 if the document was not present.
    OldIndex int
    // The zero-based index of the document in the sequence of query results after this change,
    // or -1 if the document is no longer present.
    NewIndex int
}

A DocumentChange describes the change to a document from one query snapshot to the next.

type DocumentChangeKind Uses

type DocumentChangeKind int

DocumentChangeKind describes the kind of change to a document between query snapshots.

const (
    DocumentAdded DocumentChangeKind = iota
    DocumentRemoved
    DocumentModified
)

type DocumentIterator Uses

type DocumentIterator struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

DocumentIterator is an iterator over documents returned by a query.

func (*DocumentIterator) GetAll Uses

func (it *DocumentIterator) GetAll() ([]*DocumentSnapshot, error)

GetAll returns all the documents remaining from the iterator. It is not necessary to call Stop on the iterator after calling GetAll.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

q := client.Collection("States").
    Where("pop", ">", 10).
    OrderBy("pop", firestore.Desc).
    Limit(10) // a good idea with GetAll, to avoid filling memory
docs, err := q.Documents(ctx).GetAll()
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
for _, doc := range docs {
    fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}

func (*DocumentIterator) Next Uses

func (it *DocumentIterator) Next() (*DocumentSnapshot, error)

Next returns the next result. Its second return value is iterator.Done if there are no more results. Once Next returns Done, all subsequent calls will return Done.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

q := client.Collection("States").
    Where("pop", ">", 10).
    OrderBy("pop", firestore.Desc)
iter := q.Documents(ctx)
defer iter.Stop()
for {
    doc, err := iter.Next()
    if err == iterator.Done {
        break
    }
    if err != nil {
        // TODO: Handle error.
    }
    fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}

func (*DocumentIterator) Stop Uses

func (it *DocumentIterator) Stop()

Stop stops the iterator, freeing its resources. Always call Stop when you are done with a DocumentIterator. It is not safe to call Stop concurrently with Next.

type DocumentRef Uses

type DocumentRef struct {
    // The CollectionRef that this document is a part of. Never nil.
    Parent *CollectionRef

    // The full resource path of the document: "projects/P/databases/D/documents..."
    Path string

    // The ID of the document: the last component of the resource path.
    ID  string
}

A DocumentRef is a reference to a Firestore document.

func (*DocumentRef) Collection Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Collection(id string) *CollectionRef

Collection returns a reference to sub-collection of this document.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

mi := client.Collection("States").Doc("Michigan")
cities := mi.Collection("Cities")

fmt.Println(cities)

func (*DocumentRef) Collections Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Collections(ctx context.Context) *CollectionIterator

Collections returns an interator over the immediate sub-collections of the document.

func (*DocumentRef) Create Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Create(ctx context.Context, data interface{}) (*WriteResult, error)

Create creates the document with the given data. It returns an error if a document with the same ID already exists.

The data argument can be a map with string keys, a struct, or a pointer to a struct. The map keys or exported struct fields become the fields of the firestore document. The values of data are converted to Firestore values as follows:

- bool converts to Bool.
- string converts to String.
- int, int8, int16, int32 and int64 convert to Integer.
- uint8, uint16 and uint32 convert to Integer. uint64 is disallowed,
  because it can represent values that cannot be represented in an int64, which
  is the underlying type of a Integer.
- float32 and float64 convert to Double.
- []byte converts to Bytes.
- time.Time and *ts.Timestamp convert to Timestamp. ts is the package
  "github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes/timestamp".
- *latlng.LatLng converts to GeoPoint. latlng is the package
  "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/type/latlng". You should always use
  a pointer to a LatLng.
- Slices convert to Array.
- *firestore.DocumentRef converts to Reference.
- Maps and structs convert to Map.
- nils of any type convert to Null.

Pointers and interface{} are also permitted, and their elements processed recursively.

Struct fields can have tags like those used by the encoding/json package. Tags begin with "firestore:" and are followed by "-", meaning "ignore this field," or an alternative name for the field. Following the name, these comma-separated options may be provided:

- omitempty: Do not encode this field if it is empty. A value is empty
  if it is a zero value, or an array, slice or map of length zero.
- serverTimestamp: The field must be of type time.Time. When writing, if
  the field has the zero value, the server will populate the stored document with
  the time that the request is processed.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

wr, err := client.Doc("States/Colorado").Create(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
    "capital": "Denver",
    "pop":     5.5,
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(wr.UpdateTime)

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

type State struct {
    Capital    string  `firestore:"capital"`
    Population float64 `firestore:"pop"` // in millions
}

wr, err := client.Doc("States/Colorado").Create(ctx, State{
    Capital:    "Denver",
    Population: 5.5,
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(wr.UpdateTime)

func (*DocumentRef) Delete Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Delete(ctx context.Context, preconds ...Precondition) (*WriteResult, error)

Delete deletes the document. If the document doesn't exist, it does nothing and returns no error.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

// Oops, Ontario is a Canadian province...
if _, err = client.Doc("States/Ontario").Delete(ctx); err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}

func (*DocumentRef) Get Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Get(ctx context.Context) (*DocumentSnapshot, error)

Get retrieves the document. If the document does not exist, Get return a NotFound error, which can be checked with

grpc.Code(err) == codes.NotFound

In that case, Get returns a non-nil DocumentSnapshot whose Exists method return false and whose ReadTime is the time of the failed read operation.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

docsnap, err := client.Doc("States/Ohio").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
_ = docsnap // TODO: Use DocumentSnapshot.

func (*DocumentRef) Set Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Set(ctx context.Context, data interface{}, opts ...SetOption) (*WriteResult, error)

Set creates or overwrites the document with the given data. See DocumentRef.Create for the acceptable values of data. Without options, Set overwrites the document completely. Specify one of the Merge options to preserve an existing document's fields. To delete some fields, use a Merge option with firestore.Delete as the field value.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

// Overwrite the document with the given data. Any other fields currently
// in the document will be removed.
wr, err := client.Doc("States/Alabama").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
    "capital": "Montgomery",
    "pop":     4.9,
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(wr.UpdateTime)

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

// Overwrite only the fields in the map; preserve all others.
_, err = client.Doc("States/Alabama").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
    "pop": 5.2,
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}

type State struct {
    Capital    string  `firestore:"capital"`
    Population float64 `firestore:"pop"` // in millions
}

// To do a merging Set with struct data, specify the exact fields to overwrite.
// MergeAll is disallowed here, because it would probably be a mistake: the "capital"
// field would be overwritten with the empty string.
_, err = client.Doc("States/Alabama").Set(ctx, State{Population: 5.2}, firestore.Merge([]string{"pop"}))
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}

func (*DocumentRef) Snapshots Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Snapshots(ctx context.Context) *DocumentSnapshotIterator

Snapshots returns an iterator over snapshots of the document. Each time the document changes or is added or deleted, a new snapshot will be generated.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()
iter := client.Doc("States/Idaho").Snapshots(ctx)
defer iter.Stop()
for {
    docsnap, err := iter.Next()
    if err != nil {
        // TODO: Handle error.
    }
    _ = docsnap // TODO: Use DocumentSnapshot.
}

func (*DocumentRef) Update Uses

func (d *DocumentRef) Update(ctx context.Context, updates []Update, preconds ...Precondition) (*WriteResult, error)

Update updates the document. The values at the given field paths are replaced, but other fields of the stored document are untouched.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

tenn := client.Doc("States/Tennessee")
wr, err := tenn.Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
    {Path: "pop", Value: 6.6},
    {FieldPath: []string{".", "*", "/"}, Value: "odd"},
})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(wr.UpdateTime)

type DocumentSnapshot Uses

type DocumentSnapshot struct {
    // The DocumentRef for this document.
    Ref *DocumentRef

    // Read-only. The time at which the document was created.
    // Increases monotonically when a document is deleted then
    // recreated. It can also be compared to values from other documents and
    // the read time of a query.
    CreateTime time.Time

    // Read-only. The time at which the document was last changed. This value
    // is initially set to CreateTime then increases monotonically with each
    // change to the document. It can also be compared to values from other
    // documents and the read time of a query.
    UpdateTime time.Time

    // Read-only. The time at which the document was read.
    ReadTime time.Time
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A DocumentSnapshot contains document data and metadata.

func (*DocumentSnapshot) Data Uses

func (d *DocumentSnapshot) Data() map[string]interface{}

Data returns the DocumentSnapshot's fields as a map. It is equivalent to

var m map[string]interface{}
d.DataTo(&m)

except that it returns nil if the document does not exist.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

docsnap, err := client.Doc("States/Ohio").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
ohioMap := docsnap.Data()
fmt.Println(ohioMap["capital"])

func (*DocumentSnapshot) DataAt Uses

func (d *DocumentSnapshot) DataAt(path string) (interface{}, error)

DataAt returns the data value denoted by path.

The path argument can be a single field or a dot-separated sequence of fields, and must not contain any of the runes "˜*/[]". Use DataAtPath instead for such a path.

See DocumentSnapshot.DataTo for how Firestore values are converted to Go values.

If the document does not exist, DataAt returns a NotFound error.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

docsnap, err := client.Doc("States/Ohio").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
cap, err := docsnap.DataAt("capital")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(cap)

func (*DocumentSnapshot) DataAtPath Uses

func (d *DocumentSnapshot) DataAtPath(fp FieldPath) (interface{}, error)

DataAtPath returns the data value denoted by the FieldPath fp. If the document does not exist, DataAtPath returns a NotFound error.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

docsnap, err := client.Doc("States/Ohio").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
pop, err := docsnap.DataAtPath([]string{"capital", "population"})
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(pop)

func (*DocumentSnapshot) DataTo Uses

func (d *DocumentSnapshot) DataTo(p interface{}) error

DataTo uses the document's fields to populate p, which can be a pointer to a map[string]interface{} or a pointer to a struct.

Firestore field values are converted to Go values as follows:

- Null converts to nil.
- Bool converts to bool.
- String converts to string.
- Integer converts int64. When setting a struct field, any signed or unsigned
  integer type is permitted except uint64. Overflow is detected and results in
  an error.
- Double converts to float64. When setting a struct field, float32 is permitted.
  Overflow is detected and results in an error.
- Bytes is converted to []byte.
- Timestamp converts to time.Time.
- GeoPoint converts to *latlng.LatLng, where latlng is the package
  "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/type/latlng".
- Arrays convert to []interface{}. When setting a struct field, the field
  may be a slice or array of any type and is populated recursively.
  Slices are resized to the incoming value's size, while arrays that are too
  long have excess elements filled with zero values. If the array is too short,
  excess incoming values will be dropped.
- Maps convert to map[string]interface{}. When setting a struct field,
  maps of key type string and any value type are permitted, and are populated
  recursively.
- References are converted to *firestore.DocumentRefs.

Field names given by struct field tags are observed, as described in DocumentRef.Create.

If the document does not exist, DataTo returns a NotFound error.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

docsnap, err := client.Doc("States/Ohio").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}

type State struct {
    Capital    string  `firestore:"capital"`
    Population float64 `firestore:"pop"` // in millions
}

var s State
if err := docsnap.DataTo(&s); err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(s)

func (*DocumentSnapshot) Exists Uses

func (d *DocumentSnapshot) Exists() bool

Exists reports whether the DocumentSnapshot represents an existing document. Even if Exists returns false, the Ref and ReadTime fields of the DocumentSnapshot are valid.

type DocumentSnapshotIterator Uses

type DocumentSnapshotIterator struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

DocumentSnapshotIterator is an iterator over snapshots of a document. Call Next on the iterator to get a snapshot of the document each time it changes. Call Stop on the iterator when done.

For an example, see DocumentRef.Snapshots.

func (*DocumentSnapshotIterator) Next Uses

func (it *DocumentSnapshotIterator) Next() (*DocumentSnapshot, error)

Next blocks until the document changes, then returns the DocumentSnapshot for the current state of the document. If the document has been deleted, Next returns a DocumentSnapshot whose Exists method returns false.

Next never returns iterator.Done unless it is called after Stop.

func (*DocumentSnapshotIterator) Stop Uses

func (it *DocumentSnapshotIterator) Stop()

Stop stops receiving snapshots. You should always call Stop when you are done with a DocumentSnapshotIterator, to free up resources. It is not safe to call Stop concurrently with Next.

type FieldPath Uses

type FieldPath []string

A FieldPath is a non-empty sequence of non-empty fields that reference a value.

A FieldPath value should only be necessary if one of the field names contains one of the runes ".˜*/[]". Most methods accept a simpler form of field path as a string in which the individual fields are separated by dots. For example,

[]string{"a", "b"}

is equivalent to the string form

"a.b"

but

[]string{"*"}

has no equivalent string form.

type Precondition Uses

type Precondition interface {
    // contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A Precondition modifies a Firestore update or delete operation.

var Exists Precondition

Exists is a Precondition that checks for the existence of a resource before writing to it. If the check fails, the write does not occur.

func LastUpdateTime Uses

func LastUpdateTime(t time.Time) Precondition

LastUpdateTime returns a Precondition that checks that a resource must exist and must have last been updated at the given time. If the check fails, the write does not occur.

type Query Uses

type Query struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Query represents a Firestore query.

Query values are immutable. Each Query method creates a new Query; it does not modify the old.

func (Query) Documents Uses

func (q Query) Documents(ctx context.Context) *DocumentIterator

Documents returns an iterator over the query's resulting documents.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

q := client.Collection("States").Select("pop").
    Where("pop", ">", 10).
    OrderBy("pop", firestore.Desc).
    Limit(10)
iter1 := q.Documents(ctx)
_ = iter1 // TODO: Use iter1.

// You can call Documents directly on a CollectionRef as well.
iter2 := client.Collection("States").Documents(ctx)
_ = iter2 // TODO: Use iter2.

func (Query) EndAt Uses

func (q Query) EndAt(docSnapshotOrFieldValues ...interface{}) Query

EndAt returns a new Query that specifies that results should end at the document with the given field values. See Query.StartAt for more information.

Calling EndAt overrides a previous call to EndAt or EndBefore.

func (Query) EndBefore Uses

func (q Query) EndBefore(docSnapshotOrFieldValues ...interface{}) Query

EndBefore returns a new Query that specifies that results should end just before the document with the given field values. See Query.StartAt for more information.

Calling EndBefore overrides a previous call to EndAt or EndBefore.

func (Query) Limit Uses

func (q Query) Limit(n int) Query

Limit returns a new Query that specifies the maximum number of results to return. It must not be negative.

func (Query) Offset Uses

func (q Query) Offset(n int) Query

Offset returns a new Query that specifies the number of initial results to skip. It must not be negative.

func (Query) OrderBy Uses

func (q Query) OrderBy(path string, dir Direction) Query

OrderBy returns a new Query that specifies the order in which results are returned. A Query can have multiple OrderBy/OrderByPath specifications. OrderBy appends the specification to the list of existing ones.

The path argument can be a single field or a dot-separated sequence of fields, and must not contain any of the runes "˜*/[]".

To order by document name, use the special field path DocumentID.

func (Query) OrderByPath Uses

func (q Query) OrderByPath(fp FieldPath, dir Direction) Query

OrderByPath returns a new Query that specifies the order in which results are returned. A Query can have multiple OrderBy/OrderByPath specifications. OrderByPath appends the specification to the list of existing ones.

func (Query) Select Uses

func (q Query) Select(paths ...string) Query

Select returns a new Query that specifies the paths to return from the result documents. Each path argument can be a single field or a dot-separated sequence of fields, and must not contain any of the runes "˜*/[]".

An empty Select call will produce a query that returns only document IDs.

func (Query) SelectPaths Uses

func (q Query) SelectPaths(fieldPaths ...FieldPath) Query

SelectPaths returns a new Query that specifies the field paths to return from the result documents.

An empty SelectPaths call will produce a query that returns only document IDs.

func (Query) Snapshots Uses

func (q Query) Snapshots(ctx context.Context) *QuerySnapshotIterator

Snapshots returns an iterator over snapshots of the query. Each time the query results change, a new snapshot will be generated.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

q := client.Collection("States").Select("pop").
    Where("pop", ">", 10).
    OrderBy("pop", firestore.Desc).
    Limit(10)
qsnapIter := q.Snapshots(ctx)
// Listen forever for changes to the query's results.
for {
    qsnap, err := qsnapIter.Next()
    if err == iterator.Done {
        break
    }
    if err != nil {
        // TODO: Handle error.
    }
    fmt.Printf("At %s there were %d results.\n", qsnap.ReadTime, qsnap.Size)
    _ = qsnap.Documents // TODO: Iterate over the results if desired.
    _ = qsnap.Changes   // TODO: Use the list of incremental changes if desired.
}

func (Query) StartAfter Uses

func (q Query) StartAfter(docSnapshotOrFieldValues ...interface{}) Query

StartAfter returns a new Query that specifies that results should start just after the document with the given field values. See Query.StartAt for more information.

Calling StartAfter overrides a previous call to StartAt or StartAfter.

func (Query) StartAt Uses

func (q Query) StartAt(docSnapshotOrFieldValues ...interface{}) Query

StartAt returns a new Query that specifies that results should start at the document with the given field values.

If StartAt is called with a single DocumentSnapshot, its field values are used. The DocumentSnapshot must have all the fields mentioned in the OrderBy clauses.

Otherwise, StartAt should be called with one field value for each OrderBy clause, in the order that they appear. For example, in

q.OrderBy("X", Asc).OrderBy("Y", Desc).StartAt(1, 2)

results will begin at the first document where X = 1 and Y = 2.

If an OrderBy call uses the special DocumentID field path, the corresponding value should be the document ID relative to the query's collection. For example, to start at the document "NewYork" in the "States" collection, write

client.Collection("States").OrderBy(DocumentID, firestore.Asc).StartAt("NewYork")

Calling StartAt overrides a previous call to StartAt or StartAfter.

func (Query) Where Uses

func (q Query) Where(path, op string, value interface{}) Query

Where returns a new Query that filters the set of results. A Query can have multiple filters. The path argument can be a single field or a dot-separated sequence of fields, and must not contain any of the runes "˜*/[]". The op argument must be one of "==", "<", "<=", ">" or ">=".

func (Query) WherePath Uses

func (q Query) WherePath(fp FieldPath, op string, value interface{}) Query

WherePath returns a new Query that filters the set of results. A Query can have multiple filters. The op argument must be one of "==", "<", "<=", ">" or ">=".

type QuerySnapshot Uses

type QuerySnapshot struct {
    // An iterator over the query results.
    // It is not necessary to call Stop on this iterator.
    Documents *DocumentIterator

    // The number of results in this snapshot.
    Size int

    // The changes since the previous snapshot.
    Changes []DocumentChange

    // The time at which this snapshot was obtained from Firestore.
    ReadTime time.Time
}

A QuerySnapshot is a snapshot of query results. It is returned by QuerySnapshotIterator.Next whenever the results of a query change.

type QuerySnapshotIterator Uses

type QuerySnapshotIterator struct {
    // The Query used to construct this iterator.
    Query Query
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

QuerySnapshotIterator is an iterator over snapshots of a query. Call Next on the iterator to get a snapshot of the query's results each time they change. Call Stop on the iterator when done.

For an example, see Query.Snapshots.

func (*QuerySnapshotIterator) Next Uses

func (it *QuerySnapshotIterator) Next() (*QuerySnapshot, error)

Next blocks until the query's results change, then returns a QuerySnapshot for the current results.

Next never returns iterator.Done unless it is called after Stop.

func (*QuerySnapshotIterator) Stop Uses

func (it *QuerySnapshotIterator) Stop()

Stop stops receiving snapshots. You should always call Stop when you are done with a QuerySnapshotIterator, to free up resources. It is not safe to call Stop concurrently with Next.

type Queryer Uses

type Queryer interface {
    // contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A Queryer is a Query or a CollectionRef. CollectionRefs act as queries whose results are all the documents in the collection.

type SetOption Uses

type SetOption interface {
    // contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A SetOption modifies a Firestore set operation.

var MergeAll SetOption = merge{/* contains filtered or unexported fields */}

MergeAll is a SetOption that causes all the field paths given in the data argument to Set to be overwritten. It is not supported for struct data.

func Merge Uses

func Merge(fps ...FieldPath) SetOption

Merge returns a SetOption that causes only the given field paths to be overwritten. Other fields on the existing document will be untouched. It is an error if a provided field path does not refer to a value in the data passed to Set.

type Transaction Uses

type Transaction struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Transaction represents a Firestore transaction.

func (*Transaction) Create Uses

func (t *Transaction) Create(dr *DocumentRef, data interface{}) error

Create adds a Create operation to the Transaction. See DocumentRef.Create for details.

func (*Transaction) Delete Uses

func (t *Transaction) Delete(dr *DocumentRef, opts ...Precondition) error

Delete adds a Delete operation to the Transaction. See DocumentRef.Delete for details.

func (*Transaction) Documents Uses

func (t *Transaction) Documents(q Queryer) *DocumentIterator

Documents returns a DocumentIterator based on given Query or CollectionRef. The results will be in the context of the transaction.

func (*Transaction) Get Uses

func (t *Transaction) Get(dr *DocumentRef) (*DocumentSnapshot, error)

Get gets the document in the context of the transaction. The transaction holds a pessimistic lock on the returned document.

func (*Transaction) GetAll Uses

func (t *Transaction) GetAll(drs []*DocumentRef) ([]*DocumentSnapshot, error)

GetAll retrieves multiple documents with a single call. The DocumentSnapshots are returned in the order of the given DocumentRefs. If a document is not present, the corresponding DocumentSnapshot's Exists method will return false. The transaction holds a pessimistic lock on all of the returned documents.

func (*Transaction) Set Uses

func (t *Transaction) Set(dr *DocumentRef, data interface{}, opts ...SetOption) error

Set adds a Set operation to the Transaction. See DocumentRef.Set for details.

func (*Transaction) Update Uses

func (t *Transaction) Update(dr *DocumentRef, data []Update, opts ...Precondition) error

Update adds a new Update operation to the Transaction. See DocumentRef.Update for details.

type TransactionOption Uses

type TransactionOption interface {
    // contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A TransactionOption is an option passed to Client.Transaction.

type Update Uses

type Update struct {
    Path      string // Will be split on dots, and must not contain any of "˜*/[]".
    FieldPath FieldPath
    Value     interface{}
}

An Update describes an update to a value referred to by a path. An Update should have either a non-empty Path or a non-empty FieldPath, but not both.

See DocumentRef.Create for acceptable values. To delete a field, specify firestore.Delete as the value.

type WriteBatch Uses

type WriteBatch struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A WriteBatch holds multiple database updates. Build a batch with the Create, Set, Update and Delete methods, then run it with the Commit method. Errors in Create, Set, Update or Delete are recorded instead of being returned immediately. The first such error is returned by Commit.

func (*WriteBatch) Commit Uses

func (b *WriteBatch) Commit(ctx context.Context) ([]*WriteResult, error)

Commit applies all the writes in the batch to the database atomically. Commit returns an error if there are no writes in the batch, if any errors occurred in constructing the writes, or if the Commmit operation fails.

Code:

ctx := context.Background()
client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, "project-id")
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
defer client.Close()

type State struct {
    Capital    string  `firestore:"capital"`
    Population float64 `firestore:"pop"` // in millions
}

ny := client.Doc("States/NewYork")
ca := client.Doc("States/California")

writeResults, err := client.Batch().
    Create(ny, State{Capital: "Albany", Population: 19.8}).
    Set(ca, State{Capital: "Sacramento", Population: 39.14}).
    Delete(client.Doc("States/WestDakota")).
    Commit(ctx)
if err != nil {
    // TODO: Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(writeResults)

func (*WriteBatch) Create Uses

func (b *WriteBatch) Create(dr *DocumentRef, data interface{}) *WriteBatch

Create adds a Create operation to the batch. See DocumentRef.Create for details.

func (*WriteBatch) Delete Uses

func (b *WriteBatch) Delete(dr *DocumentRef, opts ...Precondition) *WriteBatch

Delete adds a Delete operation to the batch. See DocumentRef.Delete for details.

func (*WriteBatch) Set Uses

func (b *WriteBatch) Set(dr *DocumentRef, data interface{}, opts ...SetOption) *WriteBatch

Set adds a Set operation to the batch. See DocumentRef.Set for details.

func (*WriteBatch) Update Uses

func (b *WriteBatch) Update(dr *DocumentRef, data []Update, opts ...Precondition) *WriteBatch

Update adds an Update operation to the batch. See DocumentRef.Update for details.

type WriteResult Uses

type WriteResult struct {
    // The time at which the document was updated, or created if it did not
    // previously exist. Writes that do not actually change the document do
    // not change the update time.
    UpdateTime time.Time
}

A WriteResult is returned by methods that write documents.

Directories

PathSynopsis
apiv1beta1Package firestore is an auto-generated package for the Google Cloud Firestore API.
genproto
internal

Package firestore imports 32 packages (graph) and is imported by 4 packages. Updated 2018-09-19. Refresh now. Tools for package owners.